Transformation of the West. Warm-Up: Pick up Notes-Packet + Assignment Packet from front cart and complete 1 st page of Notes-Packet. Copy Assignment in Handbook. Schedule Warm-Up PowerPoint Transcontinental RR Assignment: Assignment Page 1
Assignment: Assignment Page 1
Closure: How did the transcontinental railroad change the US?
“White manpower, the kind employers preferred, was in desperately short supply…The few white recruits who did straggle in…leaned on their picks when the boss rode away and shouldered their shovels on payday.”
· Labor was scarce due to the hard, dangerous work and low pay.
· Therefore, immigrant labor was used. Massive discrimination
The workers endured scorching deserts, blinding snowstorms, and blasted through mountains.
Chinese railroad workers perform their duties in the snow.
“PACIFIC CHIVALRY”Harper’s Weekly, August 7, 1869, page 512 (Nast Cartoon)
R.R. brought settlers to the frontier (West/Great Plains which was occupied mainly by Native Americans)
Assignment: Assignment Page 2 due Friday Quiz Next Week
Closure: Why was the Wild West portrayed as ‘Wild’?
“Gold Fever” help draw people to the west
Colorado: Pike’s Peak- 1859 gold discovery = 100,000 miners
The mining camp nearby turned into Denver, CO (eventual capital) = boomtown
1859 miners hit ‘pay dirt’ at Comstock Lode in Nevada (Sierra Nevada Range)
Lode- deposit of valuable minerals (silver and gold) buried in rock
Comstock Lode produced over $300 million in silver and gold
What do you think caused this dramatic changed in only 30 years?
Answer True or False: Don’t Copy Statements
1) Murder was common out West?
2) There were famous outlaws such as John Wesley Hardin and ‘Bandit Queen’ Belle Starr.
3) Gunfights and stagecoach robberies were common place.
4) The Native Americans usually provoked fights with settlers/soldiers?
5) In some places, people formed vigilante groups to protect themselves.
6 Banks were rarely robbed in the Wild West.
A FISTFUL OF DOLLARS
Assignment: DBQ graphic organizer + Chapter Quiz
Closure: How do we go about completing a DBQ?
Assignment: Chapter Quiz (complete review sheet)
Closure: How do we go about completing a DBQ?
Assignment: Study for Quiz
Closure: How do we go about completing a DBQ?
Assignment: Assignment Page 3 due TOMORROW
Closure: How were Native Americans affected by westward expansion?
Assignment: Introduction Paragraph
Closure: How did westward expansion impact Native Americans?
Warm-Up: Left side of class (culture), right side of class (land) body paragraph write-up with outside information included. 15 minutes.
Closure: How were Native Americans negatively affected by western expansion of the US?
1st Treaty of Fort Laramie 1851ARTICLE 2…the right of the United States Government to establish roads, military and other posts, within their respective (native) territories.ARTICLE 5. The aforesaid Indian nations do hereby recognize and acknowledge the following tracts of country… as their respective territories… (See Map)
While Native Americans were waving white flags to symbolize peace, U.S. troops attacked. As many as 200 Indians, more than half women and children, had been killed and mutilated which pleased many people in the Colorado Territory. As word of the massacre spread, Indians of the southern and northern plains stiffened in their resolve to resist white encroachment.
However, when gold was found, whites flooded into the Native Americans’ land.
Two Sioux chiefs – Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull joined forces to stop the white invaders.
The Battle of Little Bighorn was the last major Native American victory. Crazy Horse surrendered in 1877 and Sitting Bull fled to Canada but was captured and put on a reservation in 1881.
Won the battle, lost the war
Chief Joseph was the chief of the Nez Perce Indians. When his people were faced with forced removal by the US Government to reservations in Idaho, he peacefully resisted and retreated.
He traveled over 1000 miles in 4 months before the US Army caught him!
My Dear Sir,
I am asking you a favor to put before Mr. Dickerson and the principal. I would like to have my little Robert…home for the remainder of this term. 1st, on account of the ill-health of Mrs. George; so he can care for the baby when I am not home. 2nd, he is too small, and this only serves as a stumble-block to the school. 3rd, he is not sound in health and would get proper attention at home. If we be grateful our request we would forward his fare from Marysville to Bellingham with those coming home for Christmas. Thanks.
Tulalipi Indian Agency
I am in receipt of your letter of the 14th, instant addressed, to Mr. Garcia concerning your son Robert. Because of some unavoidable delays to our school work during the first part of the school year we are now finding it necessary to shorten our Christmas vacation; consequently, it has been deemed advisable that none of the children be permitted to go home this year at Christmas time. I am sorry that your son won’t be home for Christmas. The doctor informs me that Robert is in good health; and he is getting along nicely in school. Although he is rather small, he gets along very well and I believe that it is the best for the boy that he remains here at school.
Very Truly Yours,
…any reservation or any part thereof of such Indians is advantageous for agricultural and grazing purposes, to cause said reservation…to be surveyed, or resurveyed if necessary, and to allot the lands in said reservation in severalty (exclusive individual ownership) to any Indian located thereon in quantities as follows:
To each head of a family, one-quarter of a section;To each single person over eighteen years of age, one-eighth of a section;To each orphan child under eighteen years of age, one-eighth of a section; andTo each other single person under eighteen years now living…one-sixteenth of a section:
By the late 1880s, many Indian tribes, desperate and facing a dire existence of poverty, hunger and disease, sought a means of salvation to revitalize their traditional culture. The evolution of a new religion, the Ghost Dance, was a reaction to the Indians being forced to submit to government authority and reservation life. In early 1889, a Paiute shaman, Wovoka, had a vision during an eclipse of the sun in which he saw the second coming of Christ and received a warning about the evils of the white man. The Ghost Dance religion promised an apocalypse in the coming years during which time the earth would be destroyed, only to be recreated with the Indians as the inheritors of the new earth. The buffalo and antelope would return, and deceased ancestors would rise to once again roam the earth, now free of violence, starvation, and disease. Believers were encouraged to engage in frequent ceremonial cleansing, meditation, prayer, chanting, and most importantly, dancing the Ghost Dance. Hearing rumors of the prophecy and fearing that it was an indication of renewed violence, whites began to panic.
The Sioux Indians believed that in order to have fewer enemies in the afterlife, he had to scalp his opponent on the battlefield.
American Horse, Oglala Sioux, and others described the carnage:
"...A mother was shot down with her infant; the child not knowing that its mother was dead was still nursing...The women as they were fleeing with their babies were killed together, shot right through…a cry was made that all those who were not killed or wounded should come forth and they would be safe. Little boys...came out of their places of refuge, and as soon as they came in sight a number of soldiers surrounded them and butchered them there."
"…And I can see that something else died there in the bloody mud, and was buried in the blizzard. A people's dream died there. It was a beautiful dream . . . . the nation's hope is broken and scattered. There is no center any longer, and the sacred tree is dead.”
Assignment: Assignment Page 4 DUE MONDAY + Chapter Test Wednesday 9/18
Closure: How did the federal government encouraged western settlement & how was frontier life like for farmers?
Homestead Act 1962
Government offered 160 acres of land to anyone who agreed to live on and improve the land for 5 years…NO COST
INCREASED WESTERN MIGRATION
Assignment: Chapter Test Wednesday 9/18
Closure: What economic problems did farmers face? How did the Populist Party sought to address the economic problems faced by farmers?
POPULIST HERO, WILLIAM J. BRYAN
Government ownership of the RR, telegraph, & telephone industries
An 8 hour workday
Free coinage of silver
Candidate William Jennings Bryant
money will circulate, and there
will be no inflation.
“Burn down your cities and leave our farms, and your cities will spring up again as if by magic; but destroy our farms and the grass will grow in the streets of every city in the country… We answer…their demand for a gold standard by saying…You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.” (1896 Democratic Convention)
William McKinley: Backing of big business/bankers = victory
Favored Gold Standard, warned free silver = ↑ Prices
McKinley won 1896 Presidential election
Assignment: TEST TOMORROW
Closure: Any questions on the review sheet?
Closure: How was America transformed by Western Expansion?