1932 Election & the New Deal. Amidst the Great Depression, the presidential election of 1932 took place. Franklin D. Roosevelt challenged Republican incumbent Hoover as the Democratic candidate in the 1932 Presidential Election.
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Amidst the Great Depression, the presidential election of 1932 took place.
Given what you learned about the situation in America during the Great Depression, how do you imagine the public voted and why?
Republican party- Herbert Hoover 59 electoral votes (11.1%)
FDR was swept into office over Hoover, with North Carolina’s voters giving him 497,566 votes to Hoover’s 208,344.
“The country needs…bold,persistent experimentation. Itis common sense to take amethod and try it. If it fails,admit it frankly and tryanother. But above all trysomething.”
~Franklin Roosevelt, 1932
-FDR said she was his “eyes and ears” outside the White House
-she could travel and meet with people he couldn’t because of his disability
-transforms what it means to be a “First Lady”
-advocates for minorities in WH
-closed every bank in U.S. for 4 days
-sent people out to determine which ones were strong and those were re-opened
-almost all were re-opened
-trying to restore confidence in banks – people began to put their money back in
-nicknamed “alphabet soup” because of all the abbreviations that were used
“reform” “relief” “recovery”
-tried to get the economy moving again and give help to those in need
-insured bank deposits up to $5,000
-prevented people from losing their money when their bank closed
2) Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA): 1933
-built dams, power plants
-provided cheap electricity, recreation, and encouraged businesses to come to the region
-employed up to 40,000 workers
-offered outdoor work to unemployed single men
-recruited young men (18-25) from the cities
-set up camps - planted trees, fought forest fires, built dams, etc. (environmental work)
-paid farmers not to produce certain crops (cotton, wheat, tobacco, corn, etc.)
-trying to eliminate the surplus which would increase prices of goods
-relief for farmers
-controlled business practices
-set minimum wage levels (usually .30 to .40 cents an hour depending on job)
-shortened workers hours to create new jobs
-created the National Recovery Adm. (NRA) to enforce these new codes
-employed writers, teachers, librarians, actors, musicians, and artists
-also expanded the number of workers in existing organizations (ex: CCC)
-created 100,000’s of jobs - relief
-required a social security tax to be taken out of every workers’ paycheck
-gave money to those who were disabled or too old to work