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The Colonies Come of Age. Chapter 3. England & Its Colonies. Est. colonies to increase wealth & power Mercantilism – colonies provide raw materials and become a market for English goods Economic growth exceeded G.B. Imposed Navigation Acts which regulated and restricted colonial trade.

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england its colonies
England & Its Colonies
  • Est. colonies to increase wealth & power
  • Mercantilism – colonies provide raw materials and become a market for English goods
  • Economic growth exceeded G.B.
  • Imposed Navigation Acts which regulated and restricted colonial trade
navigation acts
Navigation Acts
  • Must be shipped on British or colonial ships – same with crew
  • Must be shipped with British or colonial crew
  • Only allowed to ship to England
colonists reaction
Colonists Reaction
  • Colonists were not happy
  • Smugglers attempted to evade the laws
  • Could get more $ if they traded directly with other countries
  • The rebelling began!
agricultural south
Agricultural South
  • Economy based upon agriculture
  • Rural & self-sufficient
  • GA – indigo & rice
  • MD, VA & NC – tobacco (tripled in price = $$$)
southern society
Southern Society
  • Women
    • no rights
    • domestic responsibilities
  • Indentured Servants
    • Lived in harsh conditions
slavery
Slavery
  • Satisfy labor needs
  • Increased when indentured servants decreased
  • 1690 – 1750 increase of 185,000 slaves
  • Mostly in the south
  • Stono Rebellion
the commercial north
The Commercial North
  • Middle colonies: wheat, corn, cattle & hogs
  • Northern colonies grinded wheat, fished and sold lumber
immigrants
IMMIGRANTS
  • ½ million Europeans
  • Religious freedom, economic opportunity, flee wars or start a new life
background on the french british
Background on the French & British
  • France and Britain were rivals
  • British populated the majority of the New World
  • 1,000,000 Brits vs. 80,000 French
  • Had fought 3 wars in 50 years
social differences
Social Differences
  • French
  • Mainly boys and men
  • Economy revolved around fur trading
  • Friendly with natives

British

  • Est. towns
  • Created farming communities
  • Centered around farming life
  • Threatened native life
the french indian war begins
The French & Indian War Begins
  • Began in Ft. Necessity with Colonel Washington fighting the French – he lost
  • Indians side with the French
  • British suffered early losses due to guerilla war tactics of French and Indians
winning the war
Winning the War
  • British use germ warfare – small pox
  • British wanted French out of Ohio Valley
  • 50,000 soldiers were sent to the colonies
  • British were now winning the war
treaty of paris
Treaty of Paris
  • Ended the war in 1763
  • Frances gives up Canada and territory east of the Mississippi River
  • Allowed to keep some Caribbean Islands
significance of the war
Significance of the War
  • Created pride in the empire – working together
  • Left England broke – forced to raise taxes
  • No more foreign threats to colonists
colonial effects
Colonial Effects
  • Proclamation of 1763 – attempt to keep colonists east of the Appalachian Mts.
    • ineffective
  • Britain needs to protect more land
  • Forced to pay taxes for increased protection and to pay off war debt
    • Sugar Act
    • Many smuggled goods
  • “No taxation without representation!” = REBELLION
stirrings of rebellion
Stirrings of Rebellion
  • Boycott of British goods
    • Stamp Act, Townshend Act
  • “Boston Massacre”
  • Boston Tea Party
  • Intolerable Acts
causes for revolution
Stamp Act 1765

Tax placed on goods and services

any PAPER product

REACTION: protest, boycott, Declaration of Rights and Grievances

Colonists stand together

Causes for Revolution
causes for revolution19
Townshend Act 1767

Tax on imported items

Troops to protect ports

REACTION: “No taxation without representation”

Boycott and smuggling began

Causes for Revolution
causes for revolution20
Boston Massacre 1770

Competition for jobs between colonists

4 colonists die

REACTION: publish dramatic reactions

Causes for Revolution
causes for revolution21
Tea Act 1773

Can only buy British Tea

REACTION: rebels dumped 15,000 pounds of tea into Boston Harbor

Causes for Revolution
causes for revolution22
Intolerable Acts 1774

Closed Boston Harbor and began quartering troops

REACTION: 1st Continental Congress and draw up a declaration of colonial rights

Causes for Revolution
causes for revolution23
Intolerable Acts 1774

Closed Boston Harbor and began quartering troops

REACTION: 1st Continental Congress and draw up a declaration of colonial rights

Causes for Revolution
1 st continental congress
1st Continental Congress
  • Philadelphia 1774
    • declaration of colonial rights
    • agreed to fight back against the British
lexington concord
Lexington & Concord
  • “One if by land, two if by sea”
  • British Gen. Gage ordered troops to seize illegal weapons in Concord
  • British arrived, but MINUTEMEN were prepared
  • 8 minutemen were killed in Lexington
  • Concord – ammo was moved
2 nd continental congress
2nd Continental Congress
  • Philadelphia 1775
  • John Adams proposes an independent government
  • George Washington declared commander
olive branch petition
Olive Branch Petition
  • Effort by Congress to restore relations
  • Rejected by King George
  • British establish a navel blockade
  • Rejection encourages colonists for independence
common sense
“Common Sense”
  • Written by Thomas Paine
  • Argues and gains support for independence
  • Written for the commoner
declaration of independence
Declaration of Independence
  • Written by Thomas Jefferson
  • Enlightenment ideas
    • John Locke
      • Life, liberty, property, contract between people & government
declaration of independence30
Declaration of Independence
  • Government gets their powers from the people
  • “All men are created equal” – not blacks, natives or women
  • 27 grivences
declaration of independence31
Declaration of Independence
  • July 4, 1776 adopted by the 2nd Continental Congress
  • Divided the colonists
    • Patriots
    • Loyalists (Tories)
taking sides
Taking Sides
  • Many colonists were neutral
  • Slaves were offered freedom by British
    • 60,000 fought for GB
  • Natives supported the British
    • Thought they would win