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Why did the USA and USSR become rivals in the period 1945 to 1949? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Why did the USA and USSR become rivals in the period 1945 to 1949?. Historians have disagreed over the answer to this question for decades. However, the answers given can generally be placed into 4 groups. The Traditionalists The Revisionists The Post Revisionists The Post-1991 school.

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why did the usa and ussr become rivals in the period 1945 to 1949

Why did the USA and USSR become rivals in the period 1945 to 1949?

  • Historians have disagreed over the answer to this question for decades.
  • However, the answers given can generally be placed into 4 groups.
    • The Traditionalists
    • The Revisionists
    • The Post Revisionists
    • The Post-1991 school
the traditionalists
The Traditionalists
  • The Soviets were to blame for the Cold War
  • The Cold War was the direct result of Stalin's aggressive Soviet expansionism.
  • This view is the traditional view of American and British Historians – particularly before 1960
the revisionists
The Revisionists
  • The US were to blame for the Cold War
  • The Cold War was caused by the US trying to keep countries capitalist for trade purposes
  • The USA deliberately intimidated the Soviets e.g. the dropping of the Atomic bomb
the post revisionists
The Post-Revisionists
  • The Cold War was neither the USA’s nor the USSR’s fault
  • The cause was a mutual misunderstanding of each other’s motives
  • The Cold War was an inevitable result of the situation at the time i.e. 2 superpowers trying to settle the ‘German Question’
the post 1991 school
The Post-1991 school
  • Inspired by secret documents uncovered after the collapse of communism is Russia
  • The Cold War was the result of the leaders’ personal faults and fanatical beliefs
  • The Cold War was a Clash of ideologies – a clash between Capitalism and Communism