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Total Quality Management (TQM). TQM Philosophy.

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tqm philosophy
TQM Philosophy
  • Total quality management (TQM) is a management philosophy that seeks to integrate all organizational functions (marketing, finance, design, engineering, and production, customer service, etc.) to focus on meeting customer needs and organizational objectives.
  • TQM empowers the total organization, from the employee to the CEO, with the responsibility of ensuring quality in their respective products and services, and Management of their processes through the appropriate process improvement channels.
  • All types of organizations have deployed TQM, from small businesses to government agencies like NASA, from schools to construction firms, from manufacturing centers to call centers to hospitals.
  • TQM is not specific to one type of enterprise; it is a philosophy applied anywhere quality is required.
tqm description
TQM Description
  • TQM aims to go beyond "Meeting customer requirements" and their usual understanding of "Fit for purpose" with respect to products, processes or services that are embraced by the organization.
  • TQM should operate throughout an entire organization.
  • If faults are found, then the supplies are held back; reworked or rejected.
  • TQM's aim is to "Get it right the first time every time" and in interim abate majority of such avoidable costs.
  • TQM seeks to identify the source of each defect and to prevent it from entering the final product.
  • Using a simple iterative process TQM reinforces quality assurance to meet changes in products and services by way of improved effectiveness of their operational processes.
tqm description4
TQM Description
  • The modus operandi involves identifying the "root causes" for the most prevalent/costly defects and then implementing solutions to abate, avoid or remove them.
  • TQM essentially is a people-dependent process.
  • To derive the full benefit of TQM, people in any organization should be synergized.
  • Thus organizations are expected to maintain a company-wide strategy that devolves responsibility to every employee for the quality of their work and the work of their team.
  • TQM calls for bringing the core concept of quality to early transformatory processes.
  • When each input from raw materials through resources and design produces exceedingly and continually improved finished goods, TQM is said to be operational.
tqm costs
TQM Costs
  • While use of TQM methodologies reduce the cost of failure—e.g. scrap, factory re-work, and customer dissatisfaction—it may, unavoidably, add new costs for staff training, educating suppliers, etc.
  • However, the net benefit of implementing TQM is in the quality, brand value, decreased time to market, higher customer confidence and return.
  • Above all it facilitates sustainable development faster.
  • It is asserted that business enterprises are always confronted with the challenge of increasing shareholder value, which includes both quality and profits.