THE INTERNET BEGAN AS GOVERNMENT CONNECTION OF UNIVERSITIES INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER (ISP): organization connected to Internet, leases temporary connections to subscribers NO ONE OWNS IT, NO FORMAL ORGANIZATION INTERNET CAPABILITIES E -MAIL: person -to-person messaging; document sharing
ALLOWS Authorized USERS OUTSIDE ORGANIZATION TO USE ITS INTRANET:
Network TCP/IP Stack
Network Operating system
Internet Service Provider
SMTP: The Simple Mail Transfer Protocol utility translates between local and Internet mail
formats, allowing clients to send/receive Internet e-mail.
FTP: The File Transfer Protocol utility enables file transfers to and from the server.
DNS: The Domain Name Serving Utility maps numerical Internet machine addresses
(161.362.456.567) to alphabetic names (systems.compaq.com).
Client Access: The Client Access software allows local clients to use the Internet
(Web, FTP, etc.) over the existing network.
WAIS/RDBFE: The Wide Area Information Service and Relational Database Front End
Software allows Web site guests to access document database without requiring HTML
encoding beforehand. WAIS is the most thorough way to locate a specific file, however, you have to know the name of the databases you want to search.
WWW Server: The WWW Server Software serves Web pages to guests and helps to
administrate the Web site.
Authorizing Tools: Authorizing Tools create the pages that appear on the Web site.Components of an Internet server
Back/End Database: The Back/End Database is an Oracle, Sybase, or Back Office
database that contains content served to the Web via the RDBFE and WWW Server
Network TCP/IP: The TCP/IP stack allows the NOS to communicate via the Internet
protocol in addition to its native protocol.
Network Operating System: The Network Operating System is UNIX, Netware, or NT.
Server Box: The server Box houses the CPU, disks, and Ethernet I/O hardware.
Internet Interface: The Internet Interface is a WAN card that connects the server to
the leased line provided by the Internet Service Provider (ISP). These cards can be
Installed in a separate firewall/router box or on the server itself.
Firewall/Router: The Firewall/Router sorts and filters data passing to and from the Internet.
This functionality is performed by software either installed on the server itself or on a
Internet Service Provider: The Internet Service Provider provides an Ip address,
works through the local telephone company to arrange for a leased line, and provides
installation and administration consulting services.Components of an Internet server