MARSEC CORP. Maritime Safety & Security
ISPS International Ship and Port Facility Security Code
MTSA Maritime Transportation Security Act
IMO Diplomatic Conference • December 2002 • Attended by 108 Contracting Governments • Adopted amendments to the 1974 Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention. • Resulted in the new International Ship and Port Facility Code (ISPS).
ISPS • Part A – contains security related requirements for Governments, port authorities and shipping companies. • Part B – guidelines on how to meet new requirements.
Purpose of ISPS Provides a standardized framework for evaluating risk.
Port Facility Security Assessments 1- Identify and evaluate important assets and infrastructure critical to the port facility as well as areas or structures that, if damaged, could cause significant loss of life or damage to the economy or environment.
Port Facility Security Assessments 2- Identify actual threats in order to prioritize security measures
Port Facility Security Assessments 3 – Assess vulnerability by identifying weaknesses in physical security, transportation infrastructure, structural integrity, protection systems, policies, communications, utilities, and other likely targets in the port.
Ship security requirements • Security Plans • Security Officers (company & ship) • Certain onboard equipment • Monitoring and access control • Monitoring people and cargo • Ensure comms readily available
Port facility security requirements • Security plans • Facility security officers • Certain security equipment • Monitoring and access control • Monitoring people and cargo • Ensure comms readily available
Security Levels • Security Level 1 – normal • Security Level 2 – medium threat • Security Level 3 – high threat
Security Levels • Creates a link between the ship and port facility. • Triggers implementation of security measures for the ship and facility.
Increased threat level? Counteraction = reduce vulnerability
CSO and SSO • Company – Company Security Officer • Ship – Ship Security Officer
CSO • Ensure SSA conducted • SSP prepared and submitted for approval
Ship Security Plan • Operational and physical security measures to always operate in Level 1 • Security measures increase with security measures • Response actions
Port Facility • Contracting Governments ensure completion of a Port Facility Security Assessment for facilities serving ships on international voyages. • Assessments determine which facilities are required to appoint FSOs and develop security plans
Security Risk • Threat of an attack coupled with the vulnerability of the target and the consequence of an attack.
Contracting Governments • Issues International Ship Security Certificates • Approves Facility plans
Amendments to SOLAS • Automatic Identification System (AIS) • Ships’ id numbers marked on hull
MTSA Maritime Transportation Security Act
Area Maritime Security • 33 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 103 • MTSA applies to all U.S. ports, including facilities and vessels (foreign and U.S.) operating within the port.
33 CFR 103 • Establish the Captain Of The Port as the Federal Maritime Security Coordinator - responsible for increasing security within the ports. •Establish Area Maritime Security (AMS) Committees. AMS Committees are responsible for: •AMS Assessments •AMS Plans •Developing and conducting exercises
Implementation Date • July 1, 2004 - Area Maritime Security (AMS) Committees established
33 CFR 104 Vessels
Applicability to SOLAS Vessels • Any Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit (MODU), cargo or passenger vessel subject to SOLAS - the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea Convention, 1974, as amended.
Applicability to Passenger Vessels • On an international voyage, a vessel carrying more than 12 passengers, including at least one passenger-for-hireOn other than an international voyage: •A vessel of at least 100 gross register tons carrying more than 12 passengers, including at least one passenger-for-hire (46 CFR Subchapter H); •A vessel of less than 100 gross register tons carrying more than 150 passengers, including at least one passenger-for-hire (46 CFR Subchapter K).
33 CFR 104 Passenger vessels
Applicability to Cargo Vessels •Foreign cargo vessels, not subject to SOLAS, but over 100 gross tons •U.S. cargo vessels over 100 gross register tons (46 CFR Subchapter I) •U.S. Offshore Supply Vessels (46 CFR Subchapter L)
33 CFR 104 • Cargo Vessel
Applicability to Barges • •Tank barges carrying combustible or flammable liquid cargos in bulk. These cargoes are identified in 46 CFR Subchapter D •Tank barges carrying certain bulk dangerous cargoes as regulated by 46 CFR Subchapter O •Cargo barges (subject to 46 CFR Subchapter I) carrying Certain Dangerous Cargoes in bulk - or that is engaged on an international voyage
Applicability to Tankships • •Tankships carrying combustible or flammable liquid cargos in bulk. These cargoes are identified in Subchapter D of 46 CFR •Tankships carrying certain bulk dangerous cargoes as regulated by Subchapter O of 46 CFR
Applicability to Tow Vessels • Greater than 8 meters in registered length engaged in towing barge(s) covered under the MTSA regulations
Applicability to Tow Vessels Requirements • Owner/Operator Responsibilities: •Designate Company Security Officer (CSO) and Vessel Security Officer (VSO) •Conduct Vessel Security Assessment (VSA) •Develop and implement Vessel Security Plan (VSP)Master Responsibilities: •Assures crew compliance with Vessel Security Plan •Conduct required training and drills
Implementation Dates • December 31, 2003 – Unless subject to ISPS Code requirements, owner/operators submit Vessel Security Plans or Alternative Security Program letter to the USCG Marine Safety Center in Washington, D.C.July 1, 2004 – Owners/operators of U.S. vessels must have implemented the requirements of their approved Vessel Security Plan
33 CFR 105 • Facilities Security Overview • The MTSA regulations found in 33 CFR 105 increase Coast Guard inspection and oversight responsibilities by expanding upon the definition of “facility”. It also increases the Coast Guard’s jurisdictional boundaries.
Applicability • In addition to the historic definition of waterfront facilities, the new definition of facility has been expanded to include:· Barge fleeting facilities that receive barges carrying combustible or flammable liquid cargos in bulk, certain bulk dangerous cargoes, or Certain Dangerous Cargoes;· Facilities that receive vessels that carry more than 150 passengers;· Facilities that receive vessels (U.S. and foreign) subject to SOLAS;· Facilities that receive cargo vessels greater than 100 gross tons on international voyages, including the Great Lakes.Also, the Coast Guard’s jurisdictional boundary now encompasses the entire shore side complex of the facility.
Facility • Any structure or facility of any kind located in, on, under, or adjacent to any waters subject to the jurisdiction of the U.S. and used, operated, or maintained by a public or private entity, including any contiguous or adjoining property under common ownership or operation
33 CFR 105 Facilities
Requirements • Owner/Operator Responsibilities: •Designate a Facility Security Officer (FSO) •Coordinate the Facility Security Assessment (FSA) •Develop and implement a Facility Security Plan (FSP)
Implementation Dates • December 31, 2003 –Owner/operators submit Facility Security PlansJuly 1, 2004 – Owners/operators of facilities must have implemented the requirements of their approved security plan
33 CFR 106 • Overview • Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Facilities are generally offshore fixed platforms in water depths ranging up to 1,000 feet deep whose primary purpose is the exploration, development, and/or production of offshore petroleum reserves. This definition also includes novel floating designs such as: •Tension Leg Platforms (TLP) •SPARS •Floating Production Facilities (converted MODUs) •Floating Production Storage Offloading units (FPSO)
33 CFR 106 Outer Continental Shelf Facility
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