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Introductions & Conclusions. Objectives of the Introduction. Gain attention and interest of the audience Reveal the topic of the speech Establish credibility and good will of the speaker Preview the body of the speech. Methods to Gain Attention. Relate the topic to the audience

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Objectives of the Introduction

  • Gain attention and interest of the audience

  • Reveal the topic of the speech

  • Establish credibility and good will of the speaker

  • Preview the body of the speech


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Methods to Gain Attention

  • Relate the topic to the audience

  • State the importance of the topic

  • Startle the audience (make it relevant)

  • Arouse the curiosity of the audience

  • Question the audience

  • Use a quotation

  • Tell a story

  • Refer to the occasion, use visual aids, humor, or relate to the previous speaker


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Tips on Introductions

  • Make it brief

  • Look for potential material as you research

  • Be creative

  • Work out the introduction in detail so it can be delivered most effectively


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Conclusions

  • Functions:

    • signal the end of the speech

    • reinforce the audience’s understanding of, or commitment to, the central idea


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Methods to Conclude

  • Use a brief verbal cue (e.g.,‘in conclusion’)

  • Use the voice through either a ‘crescendo’ or ‘dissolve’ ending

  • Summarize the main points of the speech

  • Conclude with a quotation

  • End with a dramatic statement

  • Refer back to the introduction


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Tips on Concluding

  • Look for potential material as you research your topic

  • End with a ‘bang’ instead of a ‘whimper’

  • Don’t be long-winded in the conclusion