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How Border Security Changed Dennis Rees Teacher-Consultant Arizona Geographic Alliance
As you view the images, what changes in security do you see? Why did these changes occur? What changes in security do you think will happen in the future?
The Gadsden Purchase of 1853 created the current Arizona-Mexico border. This border was open and received little attention unless a problem arose.
Two early problems were Apache raiders and Mexican revolutionaries. rare-maps.com theshriek.net
The U.S. government response was to send in troops until the problem went away. commons.wikimedia.com
In 1924, the Border Patrol was created and immigration stations established. kvoa.com
As tourism and immigration increased, changes in security were put in place. The first were fences. flicker.com
Border crossing stations became larger. thefullwiki.org
During the Great Depression, Mexican immigration was discouraged. web.rps205.com
In fact, the federal government even implemented a program of voluntary and involuntary deportation of Mexican-Americans. latinlikeme-wordpress.com
In 1942, the Bracero Program was begun to attract temporary, legal immigration of labor and stem the tide of illegal immigration. hoguenews.com
Workers were documented, given identification papers, and allowed to move freely across the border to work, mostly in agriculture. The program was ended in 1967. homepages.wmich.edu
A period of illegal immigration began, which resulted in new measures, mostly in the form of better fences. time.com
However, new problems arose over time. borderlaw.blogspot.com tucsonsentinel.com
This resulted in even more security on the border by the federal government. First came the wall. environmentmagazine.org
As immigrants began to avoid these and crossed in more remote areas, deaths rose. azstarnet.com
Warning signs were posted. no-border-wall.com combojuarez.com
Border check points were set up further inland from the border. tucsonsentinel.com
Surveillance cameras were installed along the border, hispanicmpr.com
and drones were used to track the movement of people. militaryaerospace.com
National guardsmen were sent in to assist border patrol agents. cleveland.com
State agencies got involved. politicalpistachio.blogspot.com
Stronger warning signs went up. borderlandbeat.com
Even civilian groups got involved. teamamericapac.org
At times, the message we sent about border security was mixed. Arizona Republic
At other times, it is very clear. Houston Chronicle
The border is not the same as it was. What changes have you seen from these pictures? Why did these changes occur? What changes do you think will happen in the future?
Photograph and Image Credits Slide 4: rare-maps.com theshriek.net Slide 5: commons.wikimedia.com Slide 6: kvoa.com Slide 7: borderlinesblog.com pbs.org Slide 8: flicker.com Slide 9: americansouthwest.net Slide 10: thefullwiki.org Slide 11: arizona100.blogspot.com Slide 12: web.rps205.com Slide 13: latinlikeme.wordpress.com Slide 14: hoguenews.com Slide 15: homepages.wmich.edu Slide 16: time.com Slide17: borderlaw.blogspot.com tucsoncitizen.com Slide 18: environmentmagazine.org
Slide 19: mocp.org Slide 20: azstarnet.com Slide 21: no-border-wall.com combojuarez.com Slide 22: tucsoncitizen.com Slide 23: hispanicmpr.com Slide 24: militaryaerospace.com Slide 26: time.com Slide 27: commons.wikimedia.org Slide 28: cleveland.com Slide 29: politicalpistachio.blogspot.com Slide 30: borderlandbeat.com Slide 31: examiner.com Slide 32: teamamericapac.org Slide 33: familysecuritymatters.org Slide 34: Arizona Republic Slide 35: Arizona Republic Slide 36: Houston Chronicle Slide 37: San Diego Union Tribune Slide 38: San Diego Union Tribune Slide 39: Albany Times Union