Tuesday Oct 1, 2013. Agenda Check at-home project Gerund/Infinitive Quiz. Verb Followed by a Gerund or an Infinitive Practice I. Underline each Gerund and circle each Infinitive in each sentence. She prefers to study at the library. He hates having homework every night.
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Check at-home project
Underline each Gerund and circle each Infinitive in each sentence.
In each of the following sentences, change the Gerunds to Infinitives and Infinitives to Gerunds. Write the answers on a sheet of notepaper to hand in at the lab on Tuesday October 1, 2013.
e.g. When she was a child, she couldn’t stand taking music lessons.
When she was a child, she couldn’t stand to take music lessons.
Sentences can be combined in different ways. For journalists, the most common combinations are simple sentences, compound sentences, and complex sentences:
Simple Sentence: One (subject + predicate)
e.g. Twenty Salinas citizens protested the ban against smoking.
Compound Sentence: Two complete sentences joined by a comma + coordinate conjunction (and, or, nor, but, for, because, etc.)
e.g. Twenty Salinas citizens protested the smoking ban, but the newspaper failed to cover the story.
Complex Sentences: One complete sentence (also known as an independent or main clause) + 1 subordinate (or dependent ) clause (missing either a subject or a predicate; or introduced by a conjunctive adverb — although, however, moreover, etc.)
e.g. Although twenty Salinas citizens protested the smoking ban, the newspaper failed to cover the story.
Go to the following websites and practice identifying sentence types:
When you want to talk about future facts or things you believe to be true about the future, we use 'will'.
e.g. The President will serve for four years.
The boss won't be very happy.
I'm sure you'll like her. I'm certain he'll do a good job.
If you are not so certain about the future, use 'will' with expressions such as 'probably', 'possibly', 'I think', 'I hope'.
e.g. I hope you'll visit me in my home one day.
She'll probably be a great success.
I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time.
I think we'll get on well.
If you are making a future prediction based on evidence in the present situation, use ‘be going to'.
e.g. Not a cloud in the sky. It's going to be another warm day.
Look at the queue. We're not going to get in for hours.
The traffic is terrible. We're going to miss our flight.
Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee.
At the moment of making a decision, use 'will'. Once you have made the decision, talk about it using ‘be going to'.
e.g. I'll call Jenny to let her know. Sarah, I need Jenny's number. I'm going to call her about the meeting. I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. Harry, I'm going to have a drink with Simon.
Go to the websites and do the exercises.