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Tuesday Oct 1, 2013. Agenda Check at-home project Gerund/Infinitive Quiz. Verb Followed by a Gerund or an Infinitive Practice I. Underline each Gerund and circle each Infinitive in each sentence. She prefers to study at the library. He hates having homework every night.

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Tuesday oct 1 2013

Tuesday Oct 1, 2013


Check at-home project

Gerund/Infinitive Quiz

Verb followed by a gerund or an infinitive practice i
Verb Followed by a Gerund or an Infinitive Practice I

Underline each Gerund and circle each Infinitive in each sentence.

  • She prefers to study at the library.

  • He hates having homework every night.

  • They can’t stand listening to operatic music.

  • They began to study English three years ago.

  • He started learning Spanish when he was six years old.

  • She loves swimming and sailing.

  • They will continue taking sailing lessons in the summer.

  • She likes to go to the beach when it’s hot.

  • They can’t stand playing outside in the rain.

  • You don’t like working in the evenings.

  • They didn’t continue working in the restaurant in the fall.

  • I don’t hate dieting. I just don’t like it.

At home project
At-home Project

In each of the following sentences, change the Gerunds to Infinitives and Infinitives to Gerunds. Write the answers on a sheet of notepaper to hand in at the lab on Tuesday October 1, 2013.

e.g. When she was a child, she couldn’t stand taking music lessons.

When she was a child, she couldn’t stand to take music lessons.

  • They continued to work on the project late into the night.

  • She prefers to get up early in the morning.

  • They like watching old movies late at night.

  • He began planning his project as soon as it was assigned.

  • They love visiting their friends on weekends.

  • She hates to be late for work.

  • They prefer taking the bus to work.

  • She’ll start to learn how to play the violin next week.

  • Juan and Jorge continue to come to class late.

  • All the students love working in the lab.

Simple compound complex sentences
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences

Sentence Combinations

Sentences can be combined in different ways. For journalists, the most common combinations are simple sentences, compound sentences, and complex sentences:

Simple Sentence: One (subject + predicate)

e.g. Twenty Salinas citizens protested the ban against smoking.

Compound Sentence: Two complete sentences joined by a comma + coordinate conjunction (and, or, nor, but, for, because, etc.)

e.g. Twenty Salinas citizens protested the smoking ban, but the newspaper failed to cover the story.

Complex Sentences: One complete sentence (also known as an independent or main clause) + 1 subordinate (or dependent ) clause (missing either a subject or a predicate; or introduced by a conjunctive adverb — although, however, moreover, etc.)

e.g. Although twenty Salinas citizens protested the smoking ban, the newspaper failed to cover the story.

Simple compound sentences practice
Simple/Compound Sentences Practice

Go to the following websites and practice identifying sentence types:

  • http://www.quia.com/quiz/242899.html?AP_rand=1531329063

  • http://www.easystream.net/lessonquest/language/lessons/compoundsentences.html

  • http://www.ezschool.com/StudyTools/English/SentenceTypes/st1.html

  • http://www.ezschool.com/StudyTools/English/SentenceTypes/st2.html

  • http://www.ezschool.com/StudyTools/English/SentenceTypes/st3.html

Tense practice
Tense Practice

  • http://www.grammarbank.com/simple-past-continuous.html

  • http://www.grammarbank.com/present-simple-vs-continuous.html

  • http://www.grammarbank.com/will-vs-going-to-exercises.html

  • http://www.grammarbank.com/will-or-be-going-to.html

Will vs be going to
Will vs Be going to

When you want to talk about future facts or things you believe to be true about the future, we use 'will'.

e.g. The President will serve for four years.

The boss won't be very happy.

I'm sure you'll like her. I'm certain he'll do a good job.

If you are not so certain about the future, use 'will' with expressions such as 'probably', 'possibly', 'I think', 'I hope'.

e.g. I hope you'll visit me in my home one day.

She'll probably be a great success.

I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time.

I think we'll get on well.

If you are making a future prediction based on evidence in the present situation, use ‘be going to'.

e.g. Not a cloud in the sky. It's going to be another warm day.

Look at the queue. We're not going to get in for hours.

The traffic is terrible. We're going to miss our flight.

Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee.

At the moment of making a decision, use 'will'. Once you have made the decision, talk about it using ‘be going to'.

e.g. I'll call Jenny to let her know. Sarah, I need Jenny's number. I'm going to call her about the meeting. I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. Harry, I'm going to have a drink with Simon.

Will vs be going to practice
Will vs Be going to Practice

Go to the websites and do the exercises.

  • http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/goingtoorwill/exercise1.html

  • http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/goingtoorwill/exercise2.html

  • http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/goingtoorwill/exercise3.html

  • http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/goingtoorwill/exercise4.html

  • http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/goingtoorwill/exercise5.html

At home project1
At-home Project

  • Complete the exercises that you did not have time to complete in the lab.

  • Review will vs be going to, sentence types for the quiz on Tuesday Oct 8, 2013.