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Illegal immigration to the U.S. has gone down in recent years…. Estimated numbers: 2000-05: 850,000/year 2007-09: 300,000/year. …but deportations have shot up. Why do you think?. The U.S.-a country of immigrants. The first wave of immigrants was largely from England
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Illegal immigration to the U.S. has gone down in recent years… Estimated numbers: 2000-05: 850,000/year 2007-09: 300,000/year
The U.S.-a country of immigrants The first wave of immigrants was largely from England Guess who comprised the next major wave of immigrants?
Irish and Germans in the mid 1800s • What similarities do you see in this picture between experience of newly arrived Irish immigrants in the mid-1800s and the scenes in “El Norte” when Enrique and Rosa first arrive in L.A.?
Years before Ben Franklin had said…. • “Why should Pennsylvania, founded by the English, become a Colony of Aliens, who will shortly be so numerous as to Germanize us instead of our Anglifying them, and will never adopt our Language or Customs, any more than they can acquire our Complexion. ”
Guess what? From 1820-1835, 100,000 U.S. citizens immigrated to Mexico resulting in WAR
Late 1800s Chinese and Japanese immigrants on the West Coast • Violence against Chinese ; riots and killings up and down the West Coast • 1886: Anti-Chinese riot in Seattle
1880-1930: large waves of immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe changed the face of the U.S.
…but led to restrictive immigration policies • 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act—prohibited Chinese workers from entering the U.S., then complete ban on Chinese immigration, including wives of Chinese already living here • 1924 National Origins Act—limited annual immigration from European nations to 2% of its proportion of the U.S. population; cut off immigration from Japan and other “non-white” populations for 28 years • 1942-1945, 10,000s of people of Japanese descent on the West Coast imprisoned
Anti-immigrant feelings also fueled by Russian Revolution and “Red Scare”
Mexican Repatriation 1929-39 • People from Latin American countries were excluded from the 1924 National Origins Act • However during the 1930s, the U.S. “repatriated” an estimated 500,000 Mexicans • Repatriation is not really an accurate term because many of these people were U.S. citizens living here.
Then WW2 came along and the U.S. wanted them back Bracero Program 1942-1963 1942-1945, 300,000 Mexican men worked in the U.S.
1970s-2000s-Immigration picks up—mainly from Latin American and Asia
Growth in border security • Number of border patrol agents increased from 4,000 in 1996 to 20,000 in 2009 • Billions of $$ annually on security • 700-mile fence along the Mexico-U.S. border
What is contributing to this?What are the historical patterns?What do you think?