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5. 0. 0. Which of the following statements about crime is TRUE?. Official crime statistics accurately reflect the amount of crime in Canada. Most organized criminals are affiliated with the Italian Mafia.

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which of the following statements about crime is true

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Which of the following statements about crime is TRUE?
  • Official crime statistics accurately reflect the amount of crime in Canada.
  • Most organized criminals are affiliated with the Italian Mafia.
  • Organized crime exists largely to provide goods and services demanded by “respectable” members of the community.
  • Rates of murder and other violent crimes have been steadily rising for the past twenty years.
deviant behaviour

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Deviant behaviour
  • is always serious in nature and is clearly distinguishable from nondeviant behaviour.
  • is relative because it varies from place to place, time to time, and from group to group.
  • is always recognized as such, regardless of who’s doing it.
  • all of the above.
according to strain theory the cause of deviance is

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According to strain theory, the cause of deviance is
  • that people are unable to obtain cultural goals through accepted means, so they turn to deviant means.
  • a weakening of the bonds tying a person to conventional society.
  • largely a function of individual psychopathology.
  • attributed to frequent association with other deviants.
an example of outer containments as described by walter reckless in his social control theory is

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An example of “outer containments” as described by Walter Reckless in his social control theory is
  • self-control.
  • a sense of responsibility.
  • a supportive family.
  • resistance to unlawful diversions.
slide5

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The study by William Chambliss found that while the “Saints” committed more offenses than the “Roughnecks,” the “Roughnecks” were more likely to be labelled as deviant because

  • the Saints were white while the Roughnecks were black.
  • the Roughnecks came from lower-income families and did poorly in school.
  • the Saints came from lower-income families and did poorly in school, so people felt sorry for them.
  • the Saints had much weaker social bonds than the Roughnecks.
a person takes drugs once doesn t get caught and never does it again this demonstrates deviance

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A person takes drugs once, doesn’t get caught, and never does it again. This demonstrates ____________ deviance.
  • secondary
  • primary
  • tertiary
  • fundamental
slide7

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Which of the following analyses of prostitution best illustrates the radical feminist approach to deviance?
  • Prostitution is seen as a reflection of society’s double standard, whereby it is acceptable for a man to pay for sex but unacceptable for a woman to accept money for it.
  • Prostitutes are viewed as deviant because they have been successfully labelled as such by others.
  • Prostitutes accept their identity as deviants because they continue to engage in the deviant behaviour that led to the label.
  • The rise in prostitution has to do with the women’s liberation movement; as women gain power, they will also commit more crimes.
which of the following is are classified as a summary conviction offense

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Which of the following is/are classified as a “summary conviction” offense?
  • sexual assault
  • robbery
  • causing a disturbance
  • a and b above
slide9

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Which category of crime includes all violent crime, certain property crimes, and certain morals crimes?
  • street
  • occupational
  • organized
  • political
slide10

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If a worker commits fraud in order to help a company achieve greater profits, that worker has engaged in a form of
  • street crime.
  • corporate crime.
  • property crime.
  • conventional crime.
which of the following activities is often linked to organized crime

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Which of the following activities is often linked to organized crime?
  • corporate price fixing
  • prostitution
  • false advertising
  • embezzling
based on the text discussion of crime statistics which of the following statements is false

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Based on the text discussion of crime statistics, which of the following statements is FALSE?
  • Our most important source of crime data is the Canadian Uniform Crime Reports (CUCR) system.
  • Police statistics always overestimate the actual amount of crime in order to guarantee their budgets are not cut back.
  • The vast majority of the offences reported in the CUCR come to the attention of the police from the reports of victims of crime.
  • Victimization surveys provide us with information about crimes that have not been officially reported.
property crimes peak between the ages of

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Property crimes peak between the ages of __________.
  • 12 and 14.
  • 13 and 15.
  • 15 and 18.
  • 17 and 20.
in discussing the similarities between crime rates by males and females the text observes that

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In discussing the similarities between crime rates by males and females, the text observes that:
  • Most crimes are committed by males.
  • Females are more likely to be victims than offenders.
  • The difference between male and female involvement in crime has narrowed over the past three decades.
  • All of the above.
which of these provinces territories has the lowest overall crime rate

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Which of these provinces/territories has the lowest overall crime rate?
  • Alberta
  • Newfoundland
  • Yukon
  • British Columbia
which of the following statements about ethnicity and crime is false

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Which of the following statements about ethnicity and crime is FALSE?
  • In societies with culturally heterogeneous populations, some ethnic groups will have higher crime rates than others.
  • In the United States, African Americans and Hispanics are overrepresented in arrest data.
  • In Canada, Aboriginal peoples are underrepresented in the federal correctional system’s population.
  • Overall in Canada, non-Aboriginal visible ethnic minorities are underrepresented in the federal correctional system’s population.
most canadians learn about crime through

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Most Canadians learn about crime through
  • first-hand experience.
  • academic publications.
  • misrepresentations in the media.
  • police reports to the general public.
slide18

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This form of punishment is based on the premise that the greater the degree of social harm, the more the offender should be punished.
  • retribution
  • social protection
  • rehabilitation
  • deterrence
this form of punishment seeks to return offenders to the community as law abiding citizens

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This form of punishment seeks to return offenders to the community as law-abiding citizens.
  • retribution
  • social protection
  • rehabilitation
  • deterrence
the text suggests that the best way to reduce delinquency and crime in the future is through

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The text suggests that the best way to reduce delinquency and crime in the future is through
  • prevention.
  • higher arrest rates.
  • stiffer sentences.
  • active implementation of the death penalty.
the text defines deviance as any

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The text defines deviance as any
  • violation of the law by young people under the age of 18.
  • serious violation of consistent moral codes.
  • form of behaviour that produces some degree of social harm.
  • behaviour, belief, or condition that violates cultural norms.
  • act that violates the law.
slide22

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According to sociologist Walter Reckless, self-control, a sense of responsibility and resistance to unlawful diversions would be classified as

  • social bonds.
  • inner containments.
  • illegitimate opportunities.
  • differential associations.
  • positive self-development.
according to richard quinney

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According to Richard Quinney
  • primary deviance is the initial act of law-breaking, while secondary deviance occurs when a person accepts the new identity and continues the deviant behaviour.
  • people with economic and political power define as criminal any behaviour that threatens their own interests.
  • people learn to engage in deviance through social interaction.
  • people engage in deviant behaviour when their ties to conventional society are weak.
  • for deviance to occur people must have access to illegitimate opportunity structures.
the misuse of power by government officials would be considered

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The misuse of power by government officials would be considered
  • street crime.
  • political crime.
  • occupational crime.
  • organized crime.
  • corporate crime.
which of the following statements accurately reflects the role of the media in relation to crime

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Which of the following statements accurately reflects the role of the media in relation to crime?
  • The media actually constructs, as opposed to reports, the news.
  • The picture of crime we receive from the media is inaccurate and includes stereotypes of offenders.
  • “If it bleeds, it leads” a news report even though violent crime is relatively rare in our society.
  • Canadians are led to believe that violent crime is prevalent.
  • All of the above