The Prehistoric Eastern Woodlands. The Moundbuilders…. Serpent Mound. The Region. The Eastern Woodlands comprises almost one third of the American landscape. Everything East of the Mississippi River is considered the Woodlands.
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The Eastern Woodlands comprises almost one third of the American landscape.
Everything East of the Mississippi River is considered the Woodlands.
It is such a large culture area that it is split into a northern and southern region.
• Characterized by a heavy reliance on hunting and gathering, along with 1 agricultural crop in some areas.
• Traditional alliances, or confederacies, were the over-riding political structures.
Characterized by a heavy reliance on agriculture, 2 agricultural crops a year.
Cities and towns were the basic social structure with large political alliances and governing bodies.
Prior to Contact enormous deciduous forests existed throughout the Eastern Woodlands.
Native uses for the land included hunting, gathering, agriculture, and resource management.
The landscape was managed through regular burning and clearing to promote new growth and reduce risk of fire.
According to anthropologists wealth and prestige were strong indicators of social status in prehistoric Woodland communities.
A cultural group from the Archaic Period which came to prominence in the Ohio River Valley systems of the Northern Woodlands over 3000 years ago.
Moundbuilding traditions begin with the Adena.
One of the most famous effigy mounds, in Ohio.
This snake figure stretches more than ¼ mile.
Important for large deposits of copper ore and sheet mica which became trade commodities throughout the woodlands region.
Best known of the prehistoric Woodlands groups because of their continuity in tradition and extensive material culture.
There are over 100 mounds in the city.
Over 50 trillion cubic feet of earth were moved to construct Cahokia.
Monks Mound covers 14 acres, is 100 feet tall with 4 terraces.
The mound-top temple would have risen an additional 50 feet.