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The Eastern Woodlands. Unit 1, Chapter 2, Lesson 2 Pages 62 – 67. Objectives. Describe how the Eastern Woodlands peoples adapted to their environment Locate the Eastern Woodlands cultural area and compare lifeways among its inhabitants. Life in the Eastern Woodland.

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the eastern woodlands

The Eastern Woodlands

Unit 1, Chapter 2, Lesson 2

Pages 62 – 67

objectives
Objectives
  • Describe how the Eastern Woodlands peoples adapted to their environment
  • Locate the Eastern Woodlands cultural area and compare lifeways among its inhabitants.
life in the eastern woodland
Life in the Eastern Woodland
  • Stretched east of the Mississippi River
  • Name  the thick forests that covered the land
  • Villages built along banks of rivers and streams

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a common resource
A Common Resource
  • TREES
    • Shelter
    • Weapons
    • Tools
    • Canoes
    • Food: Cherries and plums
eastern woodland people
Northeastern part of the Woodlands

Soil was rocky

People did more hunting and gathering

Southern areas of the Woodlands

Soil was better/richer with nutrients

People would farm: beans, corn, squash

Eastern Woodland People
jobs division of labor
MEN

Hunted animals for food

Used antlers and bones to make tools

Used spears & nets to catch fish

Cleared land for planting

WOMEN

Prepared the food

Used animal skins to make clothing & moccasins

Planted & harvested crops (along with the children

JOBS – Division of Labor
two groups of eastern woodlands
Two Groups of Eastern Woodlands
  • Iroquois
  • Algonquian
  • Separated into these groups based on the languages they spoke
iroquois
IROQUOIS
  • Lived inland: Great Lake Region
  • PA, NY, & Lake Ontario of Canada
  • Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca
  • These tribes known as the Iroquois, or the FIVE NATIONS

Iroquois Flag

iroquois villages
Iroquois Villages
  • Iroquois were farmers
  • Built on steep hills
  • PALISADES – walls of tall wooden poles

Built around villages for protection

iroquois shelters
Iroquois Shelters
  • Longhouses – long wooden building that could hold up to 50 people
  • Poles made from small trees, bent then covered with bark
  • Divided into sections
  • Held one to two families

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iroquois crops
Iroquois Crops
  • Three main crops: Corn, Beans, Squash
  • Crops called: Three Sisters
  • All three crops were planted in the same field
  • After a few years, soil less fertile
  • A new field would be cleared in another area
crafts
CRAFTS
  • Wampum – beads cut from seashells
  • Used to make beaded designs
  • Traded & Exchanged for goods
  • Used to show:
    • Important decisions
    • Events
    • Stories

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iroquois league
Iroquois League
  • Five nations often battled over control of hunting grounds
  • Hiawatha – saw family killed by another tribe
  • He was to kill those who killed his family
  • He wanted fighting to stop
hiawatha
Hiawatha
  • Leaves his village to meet with Deganawida (deh-gahn-uh-WEE-duh)
  • Deganawida known as the Peacemaker
  • Eventually, they convinced the Five Nations to unite and work together
united iroquois
United Iroquois
  • Formed about A.D. 1570
  • Acted as a Confederation
  • Confederation – loose group of governments working together
  • Representatives were sent from all tribes
  • Grand Council – settled disputes among the people peacefully
what was used to make longhouses
What was used to make longhouses?
  • Trees bent to make the frame and covered with bark
why were trees important to the eastern woodlands
Why were trees important to the Eastern Woodlands?
  • Provided the wood used to make tools, canoes, shelter, and were also a source of food.
algonquian
ALGONQUIAN
  • Three tribes that lived along the coastal plain:
    • Delaware
    • Wampanoag
    • Powhatan
algonquian1
ALGONQUIAN
  • Other tribes that lived inland, around the Great Lakes:
    • Ottawa
    • Chippewa
    • Miami
algonquian homes
Algonquian Homes
  • Some groups built longhouses like the Iroquois
  • Others built round, bark-covered shelters
    • Wigwams
    • Built like longhouses: small trees bent, tied together into a dome shape, then covered with bark
algonquian food
Algonquian Food
  • Did not rely on farming
  • FISHED
  • Built canoes
  • Used animal bones & wood to make hooks and fishing traps

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clothing
MEN

Wore shirts

Leggins

Moccasins

All made from deerskin

WOMEN

Wore dresses

Made from deerskin

Clothing
government
Government
  • Algonquian groups had leaders who governed more than one village
  • Some had two chiefs:
    • one for matters of peace
    • one for matters of war
ceremonies
Ceremonies
  • Marriage Ceremonies
  • Man had to show he was a good hunter
  • Woman had to show she was a good homemaker
  • Couple would marry by exchanging gifts and inviting their families to a feast
how did the diet of the algonquian differ from that of the iroquois
How did the diet of the Algonquian differ from that of the Iroquois?
  • The Algonquian ate more fish, while the Iroquois relied more on crops
how is the term confederation related to the iroquois league
How is the term confederation related to the Iroquois League?
  • The Iroquois League was a confederation of different groups
why did the iroquois groups choose to come together to form the iroquois league
Why did the Iroquois groups choose to come together to form the Iroquois League?
  • The groups thought they could better protect themselves and their way of life if they cooperated.