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Sentence stress. Which words in the sentence carry stress?. Distinguish between: LEXICAL WORDS (content words, open-class items) nouns adjectives adverbs lexical verbs STRUCTURAL WORDS (functional words, closed-class items) prepositions pronouns auxiliary verbs.

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sentence stress

Sentence stress

Which words in the sentence carry stress?

slide2

Distinguish between:

    • LEXICAL WORDS
      • (content words, open-class items)
        • nouns
        • adjectives
        • adverbs
        • lexical verbs
    • STRUCTURAL WORDS
      • (functional words, closed-class items)
        • prepositions
        • pronouns
        • auxiliary verbs
placement of sentence stress
Placement of sentence stress

1 Sentence stress falls on the STRESSED SYLLABLES of all lexical words

'sort, ob'jection, re'ceive, Mc'Cartney

placement of sentence stress4
Placement of sentence stress

1a If the stressed word also has secondary streses:

international, observation, quartercentenary

  • show the main stress
  • for long words and careful speech, show both stresses
slide5
It’s an international committee

It’s a question of predestination

placement of sentence stress7
Placement of sentence stress
  • Stuctural words may carry sentence-stress if emphasised in some way:

(a) when cited: How do you spell "than"?

Compare: bigger than me

placement of sentence stress8
Placement of sentence stress
  • Stuctural words may carry sentence-stress if emphasised in some way:

(b) for emphasis:

I don't think I can do it

But I think you cando it

placement of sentence stress9
Placement of sentence stress
  • Polysyllabic structural words may carry sentence-stress:

until behind

placement of sentence stress10
Placement of sentence stress

4 Adverbs are usually stressed, even if they are technically structural words:

She 'jumped 'off the 'table

It's 'too 'late to 'change our 'minds

placement of sentence stress11
Placement of sentence stress

5 Adverbs of position carry sentence stress:

I'm 'not 'coming 'here a'gain

I 'left it 'over 'there

placement of sentence stress12
Placement of sentence stress
  • Demonstratives are stressed:

'This 'book is 'really 'worth 'reading

'That's the 'stupidest i'dea I ve 'ever 'heard

placement of sentence stress13
Placement of sentence stress
  • Negatives are stressed:

I'm 'not 'coming 'here a'gain

We 'can t ex'pect 'everything

I 'hope you 'won t be an'noyed

slide14

Four weeks ago, with the finance system in freefall, Grimsson underwent a heart operation. He emerged to make a TV appearance in which he begged his compatriots to forgive him for making what - he could see in retrospect - was a buffoonish spectacle of himself as head of a country now perceived globally as an ostentatious upstart, and by some (such as Gordon Brown) as a debt-defaulting pariah.