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Please sign the attendance clipboard. Please give me your homework (transcriptions & stress dittos). Then, answer the following questions. Lesson 3: Sentence Stress. 1. If I say “GREENhouse” am I describing A or B?. A. B. GREENhouse. green HOUSE. Answer: A.

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lesson 3 sentence stress

Please sign the attendance clipboard.

Please give me your homework (transcriptions & stress dittos).

Then, answer the following questions.

Lesson 3: Sentence Stress

1. If I say “GREENhouse” am I describing A or B?

A.

B.

GREENhouse

green HOUSE

Answer: A

2. Why did you choose your answer?

Answer: I chose ‘A’ because compound words are stressed on the first syllable.

try these
Try these!
  • 3. Which stress pattern is correct?
    • I am turning THIRty years old tomorrow.
    • I am turning thirTY years old tomorrow.

Answer: A

  • 4. Which stress pattern is correct?
    • He tried to threatEN me.
    • He tried to THREATen me.

Answer: B

The suffix –en does not get stressed. Ex: taken, forsaken

  • 5. If a verb has a prefix should you stress the first syllable or the second?
    • First syllable: I can REcall you saying something like that.
    • Second syllable: I can reCALL you saying something like that.

Answer: B

If the prefix is used with a noun, stress the prefix. Ex. There was a REcall on cribs.

nursery rhymes
Nursery Rhymes
  • “Little Jack Horner”

LITtle Jack HORner

SAT in aCORner

EATing his CHRISTmas PIE

He STUCK in his THUMB

And PULLED out aPLUM,

And SAID “What a GOOD boy am I.”

  • “Mary Mary”

MAry, MAry

QUITE conTRAry

HOW does yourGARden GROW?

With SILver BELLS,

And COckle SHELLS,

And PREtty maids ALL in a ROW

oral presentations haikus
Oral Presentations: Haikus
  • Fill out the listening ditto!
    • Does the haiku have a 5-7-5 syllable pattern?
    • What word has a stress on the 1st syllable?
    • What word has a stress on the 2nd syllable?
mark the stresses you hear
Mark the Stresses You Hear!
  • -MICE EAT CHEESE.
  • Mice eat cheese.
  • The mice eat cheese.
  • -the MICE EAT CHEESE.
  • The mice will eat the cheese.
  • -the MICE will EAT the CHEESE.
  • The mice will have eaten the cheese.
  • -the MICE will have EATen the CHEESE.
  • The mice have been eating the cheese.
  • -the MICE have been EATing the CHEESE.
content words function words
Content Words & Function Words
  • CONTENT WORDS = Get STRESS
    • nouns, main verbs, adjectives, adverbs, question words, negatives
  • FUNCTION WORDS = DON’T get stress.
    • aux. verbs, prepositions, conjunctions, determiners, pronouns
  • Try to stress this sentence!
  • The woman always eats breakfast in her room.
  • the WOMAN ALWAYS EATS BREAKFAST in her ROOM.
slide7

Now try these!

  • Harry Potter studies magic at Hogwarts school.
  • HARRY POTTER STUDIES MAGIC at HOGWARTS SCHOOL.
  • This test seems very difficult for me.
  • this TEST SEEMS VERY DIFFICULT for me.
  • What do you want to be when you grow up?
  • WHAT do you WANT to BE WHEN you GROW UP?

Remember: these stress rules work MOST of the time, but not ALWAYS. Because English is STRESS-TIMED, sometimes words that are supposed to get stress, get REDUCED.

slide8

Which words get stressed in the following sentence?

“The students with the highest grades study at home.”

Answer: “The STUdents with the HIGHest GRADES STUDY at HOME.”

Reason: The (determiner) STUDENTS (noun) with (preposition) the (determiner) highest (adjective) grades (noun) study (main verb) at (preposition) home (noun).

Practice this sentence with the correct stresses with your partner!

practice
Practice

A: What do you do for exercise?

B: I play tennis and I like to lift weights.

B: What do you do?

A: I run and I like to swim.

Which words gets stress? Discuss with your partner.

Stress words that give new information! Here, ‘you’ is changing the focus to a new person.

Now, practice the dialogue with your partner!

practice1
Practice

Now, take an activity card. Use the sports on the card to change the dialogue. Practice the new dialogue with your partner.

A:WHAT do you DO for EXerCISE?

B: I play _______ and I like to _______.

B: WHAT do YOU do?

A: I _______ and I LIKE to _______.

quotes work with a partner can you mark the stresses on the content words
QuotesWork with a partner.Can you mark the stresses on the content words?

Practice reading your quotes out loud with the correct stresses to your partner.

dialogue
Dialogue
  • Mark stresses
  • Think about what words should receive contrastive stress & emphatic stress.
  • Practice reading the dialogue with your partner.
homework
Homework
  • Ditto on content/function words.
  • Practice nursery rhymes & dialogues out loud.