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Reviving the Electric Car History 1911 Baker Electric 1902 Woods Electric Phaeton 1832 Robert Anderson invents a non-rechargeable electric carriage. 1835 Thomas Davenport builds the first practical electric vehicle and receiving a patent for the first electric motor in 1837.

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history
History

1911 Baker Electric

1902 Woods Electric Phaeton

  • 1832 Robert Anderson invents a non-rechargeable electric carriage.
  • 1835 Thomas Davenport builds the first practical electric vehicle and receiving a patent for the first electric motor in 1837.
  • 1859 French physicist Gaston Planté invents the rechargeable lead-acid battery.
  • 1891 William Morrison of Des Moines, Iowa builds the first successful electric automobile in the United States.
  • 1900 One-third of all cars found on the roads of New York City, Boston, and Chicago are electric.
history3
History
  • 1908 Henry Ford introduces the gasoline-powered Model T.
  • 1912Charles Kettering invents the electric automobile starter. Eliminating the need for a hand crank starter on gasoline powered vehicles.
  • 1972 Victor Wouk builds the first full-size hybrid vehicle
  • 1974 Vanguard-Sebring's CitiCar is introduced it has a top speed of 30 mph and a 40 mile range.
  • 1975 The U.S. Postal Service purchases 350 electric delivery jeeps from AM General.

Victor Wouk with 1972 Buick Skylark Hybrid

1975 Sebring-Vanguard-CitiCar

history4
History

1996Saturn EV1

  • 1996 General Motors Saturn EV1 is released.
  • 1997 Toyota introduces the Prius, the first mass-produced hybrid.
  • 2003 General Motors announces that it will not renew leases on the EV1.
  • 2007 General Motors unveils the Chevrolet Volt concept car.
  • 2008 Tesla Motors begins production of the Tesla Roadster

Chevrolet Volt Concept Car

1904 baker electric stanhope
1904 Baker Electric Stanhope
  • Horsepower – 1.75
  • Top Speed – 14 mph
  • 3 Speed Transmission
  • Range – 40 miles
  • Weight – 975 lbs
  • Shaft drive
  • $1600
1975 sebring vanguard citicar
1975 Sebring-Vanguard CitiCar
  • Horsepower – 3.5
  • Top Speed – 44 mph
  • 3 Speed Transmission
  • Range – 50 miles
  • Weight – 1475 lbs
  • Direct Drive
  • Full charge in 6 hours
  • $3500
1998 saturn ev1
1998 Saturn EV1
  • Horsepower – 137
  • Top Speed – 80 mph (regulated)
  • Range – 75 to 130 miles
  • Weight – 3084 lbs
  • Full charge in 6 hours
  • $33,995 ($349 per month lease)
tesla roadster
Tesla Roadster
  • Horsepower – 248
  • Top Speed – 125 mph
  • 2 Speed Transmission
  • Range – 220 miles
  • Full charge in 3.5 hrs (with 70 amp home charging station)
  • Shaft Drive
  • Weight – 2690 lbs
  • $109,000 (2009)
tesla roadster factory options
Tesla RoadsterFactory Options
  • Premium Audio Package $2,000
  • Custom seats $2,500
  • Painted Carbon Fiber Hard Top/Exposed Carbon Fiber Hard Top $3,200/$5,000
  • Metallic or Premium Exterior Paint $500/$1,000
  • High Power Connector: 40 amp/70 amp $1,500/$2,000
  • Mobile Connector $1,200
  • Fully loaded- $122,700
tesla roadster performance
Tesla RoadsterPerformance
  • Continuous Torque
  • 0-60 in 3.9 seconds
  • 125 mph top speed
slide13
6,831 Lithium Ion batteries (laptop)

Each cell is independent

100,000 mile life expectancy

Non-hazardous waste

Recyclable

Accounts for $20,000 of the cost of the vehicle

Tesla RoadsterBattery Technology

per mile cost
Per Mile Cost
  • At $.06 US per KWh, a battery-powered car costs $.02-$.03 per mile on grid electricity

Tesla Roadster cost is calculated using average winter/summer PG&E schedule E-9 off-peak “rate A” tariff, as of March 1, 2007.

tesla roadster energy efficiency solar
Tesla Roadster Energy Efficiency- Solar

“…the panels produce about $3,200 worth of transportation fuel plus about $600 worth of home energy, for a total of about $3,800 per year.”- Martin Eberhard

tesla roadster maintenance
Tesla RoadsterMaintenance
  • 12,000 miles/12 months
  • Reduced Maintenance
    • No motor oil or oil filters to change
    • No smog equipment to check
    • No air filters to replace
    • No power steering fluids to refill
tesla business model
Tesla Business Model
  • Electric vehicle technology without sacrificing performance or style.
  • Competitive price point with other “supercars”.
  • High end technology can be optimized and reused on more accessible vehicles.
  • Plans for WhiteStar sedan are in the works.
obstacles
Obstacles
  • Start-up car company
  • Lithium Ion battery costs
  • Range concerns
  • Price and consumer acceptance
  • Market