Interior Design Practices—Elements and Principles Jill Bowers FCS 4790—Interior Design Practices School of FCS Eastern Illinois University
What is Design? • A planned arrangement of basic elements and principles that work together to form an image, object, or environment • 2 Basic Design Directions • Structural—relates to the size & shape of an object • Decorative—naturalistic, stylized, abstract, geometric Structural or Decorative??
Designing • Forming ideas, planning, and explaining the execution of those ideas • Making choices based on the evolution of those ideas…those that lead to an end result • Dealing with deadlines with deadlines and budgets
The Design Process is like a Romantic Relationship Stages • Inspiration • Identification—establishing wants/needs • Conceptualization stage—parameters defined have been defined…approaching the concept & modifying behaviors • Exploration/Refinement—establishing boundaries • Designers must commit to these structures in order for the relationship with the concept to continue • Definition/Modeling—build on what you’ve discovered so far • Communication and Production—focus turns into all the details involved
Designing is in the Mind • A designers job begins with a problem that requires a solution • An idea can travel from the world of imagination to the world of objects in an organized, timely fashion, evolving as it goes but keeping its original purpose and energy intact.
Elements of Design • Space—area within an enclosure (real or perceived) • Line—forms the direction of a room’s composition • Shape—a two –dimensional unit that describes the contours of lines • Texture—the features of a surface, both its construction and its finish • Light—visibility for mobility, conveys a mood or feeling, creates drama through shadows/contrasts, enhances or diminishes the effects of color, emphasizes or reduces surface features, such as texture • Color—can projects a space’s personality • Pattern—decorative design, figure or motif created through the use of space, line, shape, light, & color
Color Continued… Testing your knowledge… What is a hue? What is a value?
Terminology • Value—Lightness or darkness of a color • Tint=lightened color; white + color • Shade=darkened color; color +black • Chroma-is the vibrance, intensity or purity of a color. As a color moves away from gray, it becomes brighter. A high chroma would mean there is no black, white or gray present • Hue-The specific color classification given to an object based on the seven colors found in the spectrum; red, orange yellow, green, blue, indigo, or violet. For example, garnets are found in a variety of shades of red from pink to plum, but all of these shades fall under the "hue" of "red"
Elements and Principles of Design are Interrelated & Integrated into Every Room WHAT DO YOU SEE HERE…WHAT ELEMENTS OF DESIGN DO YOU SEE??
Principles…What do you do with it?? • Each principle can be applied to the elements • Example—a shape can be balanced or color can be harmonious • Example—a door is an object which has many elements of design. The size—scale or proportion of the door will depend on what you want to do with it. Will you be using it? Who will be using it?
Principles of Design • Emphasis—the focal point • Rhythm—characterized by a recurrence of successive elements in a periodic pattern of repetition. • Like music, the spacing may be regular or irregular (waltz vs. jazz) • Balance—state of equilibrium • To have balance, the elements must have quality in effect, force, or importance—visual weight • Scale and Proportion—size and relationships between objects (scale involves external relationships & proportion involves internal relationships) • Example- a woman is tall • Harmony—unity/ a theme should run thorough all component parts…represents the sum of all of the concepts we talked about…a common thread
Tell me about this picture…use previous terminology associated with colors, other elements or principles of design
Same comment as before… What do we have here??
Notice the repetition of the picture frames, stairs, and pattern…all of these things create a sense of rhythm within these spaces
For next week… • Select AT LEAST one color image that features interior design (online article, advertisement, OR a picture you have taken-digital). • This should be a MS Word Document—half of the page should be a clear picture and the other half, you will utilize to describe what you see. • Include ALL elements and principles of design that we have discussed tonight. You may use others that we did not discuss, but to receive full points, you will need to at least describe the ones that we went over in class (listed on this PPT). • You should be able to take one picture and describe each element and principle. However, I understand that the elements and principles easy to describe in one picture and hard to describe in another picture. Therefore, you may use multiple pictures if you would like. The description must follow the picture. For example, DO NOT put a collection of pictures together and a summary of all of them attached at the end. • You must label each element and principle (by highlighting them) with a description following each one listed (the description should be at least 2 sentences). Your description should include terminology associated with Interior Design, and when referring to the elements and principles of design, you must use each of these in a complete sentence. • The purpose of this assignment is to help you understand the functional definitions and terminology associated with the various elements and principles of design. • See my example…