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  1. Location

  2. UNEP OAS ANA Govt agencies Communities External agents Schools Water Users São Francisco Project Operational Structure GEF São Francisco P2 ACTIVITIES S1 S2 S3... Sn WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

  3. Priority Issues in The San Francisco Basin • Insufficient Water For The Multiple Uses • Undisciplined Exploitation Of The Surface Water • Separated From The Groundwater • Water Use Conflicts • Restrictions to Navigation • Inadequate Soil Occupancy and Use • Water Pollution From Point and Diffuse Sources • Degradation of The Aquatic Eco-system and Loss Of Biodiversity • Lack Of Institutional Integration And Cooperation

  4. GEF Project Components • I- River Basin and Coastal Zone Environmental Analysis • II- Public and Stakeholder Participation • III- Organizational Structure Development • IV- Watershed Management Program Formulation a) Information Sharing and Dissemination b) Quantification of Water use and use Conflicts c) Financial Mechanisms d) Formulation of the WMP

  5. Basic Principles Of The GEF Projects • Community Involvement: Bottom up formulation • Continuity: Who will be responsible • Sustainability: Assuring the necessary support • Replicability: Multiplying the successful practices

  6. Spatial Distribution of Activities, by Components

  7. Best Practices

  8. Cause Cause Cause Cause Cause Cause Cause Cause Cause Cause Cause Cause Causal Chain Analysis Critical Problems Primary Causes Secundary Causes Terciary Causes Root Causes STRAEGIC ACTIONS STRAEGIC ACTIONS Cause Cause Problem Cause Cause ADB WMP

  9. Spatial Distribution of Activities, by Components

  10. Best Practices - A • Assesment of mining impacts on the water resources of the Upper São Francisco

  11. Best Practices - B • Partnership with communities to improve water resources quality

  12. Best Practices - C • Groundwater Monitoring

  13. Best Practices - D • Land-use mapping

  14. Best Practices - E • Assessment of contribution of river transport to agricultural progress

  15. Best Practices - F • Hydrodinamic and sediment study of • the Lower San Francisco and adjacent coastal zone

  16. Best Practices - G Monitoring water quality in the Lower-Middle San Francisco

  17. Best Practices - H Restoration of the icthyofauna and determination of nutrient load in the water

  18. Best Practices - I Preserving springs and riparian forests