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Elite Scientists and the Global Brain Drain Nicola Owen Academic Registrar The future will be shaped by a relatively small number of elite researchers Is there evidence of brain drain of the very best? Does this matter? University of Warwick, UK Established only in 1965

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elite scientists and the

Elite Scientists and the

Global Brain Drain

Nicola Owen

Academic Registrar

slide2
The future will be shaped by a relatively small number of elite researchers

Is there evidence of brain drain of the very best?

Does this matter?

slide3
University of Warwick, UK

Established only in 1965

Now Top 5-10 in UK

Our goal: world top 50 by 2015

slide4
We collected data on 3 types of individual researcher:
  • ISI Highly Cited Physicists
  • ISI Highly Cited Bioscientists
  • Assistant Professors in the top 10 Economics departments in the US
slide5
In 2007, the best researchers

are extraordinarily mobile.

Example 1:

top young usa based economists
Top Young USA-based Economists

Distribution of where Bachelor of Science was obtained

top young usa based economists7
Top Young USA-based Economists

Distribution of where PhD was obtained

slide8
In 2007, the best researchers

are extraordinarily mobile.

Example 2:

highly cited physicists
Highly-cited Physicists

Movement through their career

Stage of career

slide11
Yet, within the elite,

the very best are

not

more mobile

slide12
We look at data on the citations levels of ISI Hi Ci Physicists:

Movers and stayers have approximately the same h-index

highly cited physicists13
Highly-cited Physicists

A comparison of h-indexes:

‘Movers vs Stayers’

h-index

Moved

Stayed

Birth to BSc

BSc to PhD

PhD to Current

Stages of Career

slide14
The elite cluster by subject in particular universities.

E.g.: a university might have 4 HiCi space scientists, 3 Hi Ci Economists, and almost no others in the other 19 ISI disciplines

isi highly cited researchers
ISI Highly-cited researchers

Clustering within institutions

three conclusions
Three Conclusions
  • There is now remarkable mobility among the best researchers
  • Yet, within the elite, movers and stayers have the same h-index
  • Star researchers cluster together by discipline
slide17
THIS IS THE WORLD

IN WHICH UNIVERSITIES

MUST COMPETE

AND DESIGN STRATEGIES

TO SUSTAIN

WORLD CLASS STATUS

elite scientists

Elite Scientists

and the Global Brain Drain