Baroque Instrumental Music - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Baroque Instrumental Music

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  1. Baroque Instrumental Music • Became as important as vocal music • New instruments - improved old inst. • Great virtuosos • Early - not yet focus on individual color • Performed on whatever instruments available • Late - timbre became important • Wrote more idiomatically

  2. Baroque instruments • Strings (with gut strings) • Woodwinds - recorder, flute, oboe, bassoon • Brass - trumpets, horns - natural instruments • Keyboard - organ, harpsichord, clavichord

  3. Baroque Concerto • Opposition between two dissimilar bodies of sound • Solo Concerto • Virtuoso playing, experiments in sonority • Allegro-Adagio-Allegro • Concerto Grosso • Opposition between small group - concertino - and large group - tutti or ripieno • Bach’s 6 Brandenburg Concerti

  4. Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) • Biography, works and Influences • Report by ---- none this year • Like Bach - renowned in his day as a performer • Established ritornello • Use of pictorial imagery

  5. Vivaldi - The Four Seasons • Based on poetry - word painting • Programmatic concerto for solo violin • First movement - “Spring” • Birds joyous welcome of spring • Murmur of streams, thunder and lightning • Ritornello or refrain

  6. Baroque Suite • Dances - all in the same key • Allemande - German • Courante - French • Sarabande - Spanish • Jig - English • Minuet, gavotte, bourée, passepied • Binary structure (A-B) ---> A-A-B-B • Corelli, Bach, Couperin, de la Guerre

  7. Jacquet de la Guerre (c. 1666-1729) • Biography, Works and Influences • Report by ----- none this year • Sacred cantatas, chamber music • Pieces for Harpsichord - suite

  8. Baroque Orchestral Suite • Handel - Water Music • Lively rhythms and catchy melodies • Opens with French overture • #2 Alla Hornpipe • English country dance in lively triple meter • A-B-A form • Terraced dynamics

  9. Baroque Sonata, etc. • Sonata da camera - chamber sonata • Suite of stylized dances • Sonata da chiesa - church sonata • More serious and contrapuntal - s-f-s-f • Trio sonata - 2 violins + continuo (2 players) • Passacaglia - ground bass, stately triple meter • French Overture, Italian Overture

  10. Baroque Keyboard Music • Prelude • Expansion of a melodic or rhythmic figure • Homophonic • Fugue • Subject started alone - in one voice • Imitated in another voice while 1st continues with countersubject • Opposition between home and contrasting keys

  11. J.S.Bach - Prelude and Fugue in C min. • From Well-Tempered Clavier • New system of temperament - 48 preludes & fugues • Prelude • Unity of mood, single affection • Improvisatory style - perpetual motion • Fugue • In 3 voices • Subject, countersubject, bridge, episodes

  12. Baroque Instrumental Forms • Can you name 4 important instrumental forms of the Baroque period? • Can you explain/describe each? • Can you give an example of a piece in each form?