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Baroque Instrumental Music Became as important as vocal music New instruments - improved old inst. Great virtuosos Early - not yet focus on individual color Performed on whatever instruments available Late - timbre became important Wrote more idiomatically Baroque instruments

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baroque instrumental music
Baroque Instrumental Music
  • Became as important as vocal music
  • New instruments - improved old inst.
  • Great virtuosos
  • Early - not yet focus on individual color
    • Performed on whatever instruments available
  • Late - timbre became important
    • Wrote more idiomatically
baroque instruments
Baroque instruments
  • Strings (with gut strings)
  • Woodwinds - recorder, flute, oboe, bassoon
  • Brass - trumpets, horns - natural instruments
  • Keyboard - organ, harpsichord, clavichord
baroque concerto
Baroque Concerto
  • Opposition between two dissimilar bodies of sound
  • Solo Concerto
    • Virtuoso playing, experiments in sonority
    • Allegro-Adagio-Allegro
  • Concerto Grosso
    • Opposition between small group - concertino - and large group - tutti or ripieno
    • Bach’s 6 Brandenburg Concerti
antonio vivaldi 1678 1741
Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741)
  • Biography, works and Influences
    • Report by ---- none this year
  • Like Bach - renowned in his day as a performer
  • Established ritornello
  • Use of pictorial imagery
vivaldi the four seasons
Vivaldi - The Four Seasons
  • Based on poetry - word painting
  • Programmatic concerto for solo violin
  • First movement - “Spring”
    • Birds joyous welcome of spring
    • Murmur of streams, thunder and lightning
    • Ritornello or refrain
baroque suite
Baroque Suite
  • Dances - all in the same key
    • Allemande - German
    • Courante - French
    • Sarabande - Spanish
    • Jig - English
    • Minuet, gavotte, bourée, passepied
  • Binary structure (A-B) ---> A-A-B-B
  • Corelli, Bach, Couperin, de la Guerre
jacquet de la guerre c 1666 1729
Jacquet de la Guerre (c. 1666-1729)
  • Biography, Works and Influences
    • Report by ----- none this year
  • Sacred cantatas, chamber music
  • Pieces for Harpsichord - suite
baroque orchestral suite
Baroque Orchestral Suite
  • Handel - Water Music
    • Lively rhythms and catchy melodies
    • Opens with French overture
    • #2 Alla Hornpipe
      • English country dance in lively triple meter
      • A-B-A form
    • Terraced dynamics
baroque sonata etc
Baroque Sonata, etc.
  • Sonata da camera - chamber sonata
    • Suite of stylized dances
  • Sonata da chiesa - church sonata
    • More serious and contrapuntal - s-f-s-f
  • Trio sonata - 2 violins + continuo (2 players)
  • Passacaglia - ground bass, stately triple meter
  • French Overture, Italian Overture
baroque keyboard music
Baroque Keyboard Music
  • Prelude
    • Expansion of a melodic or rhythmic figure
    • Homophonic
  • Fugue
    • Subject started alone - in one voice
    • Imitated in another voice while 1st continues with countersubject
    • Opposition between home and contrasting keys
j s bach prelude and fugue in c min
J.S.Bach - Prelude and Fugue in C min.
  • From Well-Tempered Clavier
    • New system of temperament - 48 preludes & fugues
  • Prelude
    • Unity of mood, single affection
    • Improvisatory style - perpetual motion
  • Fugue
    • In 3 voices
    • Subject, countersubject, bridge, episodes
baroque instrumental forms
Baroque Instrumental Forms
  • Can you name 4 important instrumental forms of the Baroque period?
  • Can you explain/describe each?
  • Can you give an example of a piece in each form?