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After a salutation • Use a colon after the salutation of a business letter. • Examples- • Dear Judge Parker: • Dear Governor Whitman:
Between Numerals Indicating Time • Use a colon between the hours, minutes, and seconds of a number indicating time. • 8:30 p.m. • 9:45 a.m • 10:25:55
For Emphasis • Use a colon to emphasize a word, a phrase, a clause or a sentence that explains or adds impact to the main clause. • His guest lecturers are local chefs who learn a lesson themselves: Homeless people are worth employing.
To Introduce a Quotation • Use a colon to formally introduce a quotation, a sentence, or a question. • Directly a voice in the corner rang out wild and clear: “I’ve got him! I’ve got him!”
To Introduce a List • Use a colon to introduce a list. • I got all the proper equipment: scissors, a bucket of water to keep things clean, some cotton for the stuffing, and needle and thread to sew it up.
A Closer Look – Do not use a colon between a verb and its object or complement, or between a preposition and its object. • INCORRECT: Max has: a snowmobile, an ATV, and a canoe. • CORRECT: Max has plenty of toys: a snowmobile, and ATV, and a canoe. • INCORRECT: Dad watches a TV show about: cooking wild game. • CORRECT: Dad watches a TV show about a new subject: cooking wild game.
Between Title and Subtitle • Use a colon to distinguish between a title and a subtitle, volume and page, and chapter and verse in literature. • Writers INC: A Student Handbook for Writing and Learning • Encyclopedia Americana IV:211 • Psalm 23:1-6