Vocabulary Level D. Notes Pronunciation key is below the word. Darken all semi-colons because they separate distinct definitions. Write vocab. word in its correct form in blank and underline context clues!. Never Forget :. “In vocabulary, as in life, context is everything !”
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Pronunciation key is below the word.
Darken all semi-colons because they separate distinct definitions.
Write vocab. word in its correct form in blank and underline context clues!
“In vocabulary, as in life, context is everything!”
J. E. Ross
The best sections in which to find good context clues are:
6. cumbersome: could describe a thing or a process; occasionally a person
7. deadlock: process that should go forward cannot
9. diffuse: verb = science often– usually intrans. (no d. o.); middle def. refers to spoken or written language
11. efface: weather can efface writing on tombstones; people who are self-effacing try NOT to be noticed
12. muddle: , noun and verb; “muddle through” means to get by, probably barely
13. opinionated: , applies to people or groups of people
14. perennial: can apply to anything that comes up over and over (like PSSAs or heavy traffic at the mall during the holidays)
15. predispose: often used in past tense as adj.; I’ve found that people who are opinionated are predisposed to like those with similar opinions.
16. relinquish: trans.; d. o. = something one doesn’t necessarily want to give up (implies reluctance)
17. salvage: although applying to neg. situation; verb form = trans; can apply to any disaster; can be figurative (salvaging a reputation)
18. spasmodic: unpredictable, sometimes frightening (gunfire, thunder)
19. spurious: , describes something that could be authentic but isn’t (watches, support for an argument, feelings that people fake)
20. unbridled: doesn’t refer to something that CAN’T be controlled– just something that ISN’T– enthusiasm, ambition, greed
9. If you could change a rule or procedure here at Penndale, what change would you greet with unbridled enthusiasm?
7. expulsion - -- from somewhere/something
8. feint – strategic move to “fake out” an opponent
9. fodder – can be figurative
10. fortify - - processed foods are often fortified b/c the processing takes out nutrients
12. jeer - -- bullies start here often-noun and verb
13. lucrative - $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
14. mediocre - meh
15. proliferate – something has a life of its own
16. subjugate - can be used literally (politics– dictators), figuratively – people can subjugate their emotions
17. sully - lit. or fig.– can be sullied– honor, reputation, good name, image
18. tantalize -
19. terse – language/words
20. unflinching - - always in the face of something negative; describe loyalty, devotion, courage, determination
7. eminent – reputation or ability (people) ; second def. = physical
8. exorcise – trans.- d. o. = something negative (literal or figurative)
9. fabricate – trans. – d.o.= concrete or abstract
10. gluttony – pattern of being greedy “glutton for punishment)
11. irate - !!!
12. marauder - brigand; “Marauder’s Map”
13. pauper -
14. pilfer - usually of small value
15. rift – concrete or abstract (relational)
16. semblance – (re-) used w/ OF
17. surmount - trans.- d.o.= something neg. to achieve something pos!
18. terminated – trans.- d.o. = something in progress or in effect (relationship, contract, meeting)
19. trite - relates to language, written or spoken
20. usurp - trans.- d.o.= position, often of power, or a role or office