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REACHING & CONGREGATING HISPANIC AMERICANS. Evangelizing Hispanics. I. Preparation Needed A. Awareness of Receptivity B. Change of Attitude C. Understanding of Roman Catholic Doctrines Regarding Salvation D. Understanding of Decision Making Process. Evangelizing Hispanics.

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evangelizing hispanics
Evangelizing Hispanics
  • I. Preparation Needed
  • A. Awareness of Receptivity
  • B. Change of Attitude
  • C. Understanding of Roman Catholic Doctrines Regarding Salvation
  • D. Understanding of Decision Making Process
evangelizing hispanics1
Evangelizing Hispanics
  • I. Preparation Needed
  • A. Awareness of Receptivity
hispanics and denominations
Hispanics and Denominations

Catholic | Protes/Evang | Other Christian | Other Faiths | Secular

Percent

evangelizing hispanics2
Evangelizing Hispanics
  • 43% of Hispanic Evangelicals converted from Catholicism.
  • By and overwhelming majority (82%) Hispanic converts cite the desire for a more direct, personal experience with God as the main reason for adopting a new faith (p.5)
  • Source: Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion. Pew Center for Hispanic Studies, 2007
evangelizing hispanics3
Evangelizing Hispanics
  • B. Change of Attitude
catholic hispanics views of evangelical christians
Catholic Hispanics Views of Evangelical Christians

Percent

Favorable | Unfavorable | No Opinion

evangelical hispanics views of roman catholics
Evangelical Hispanics Views of Roman Catholics

Percent

Favorable | Unfavorable | No Opinion

evangelizing hispanics4
Evangelizing Hispanics
  • C. Understanding of Roman Catholic Doctrines of Salvation
evangelizing hispanics5
Evangelizing Hispanics
  • The Roman Catholic Churches Teaches That Salvation Is:
  • I. Sacramental – attained through the observance of the sacraments (Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist [re-sacrificing of Christ], Penance, Extreme Unction)
  • II. Intermediated – through the church
  • III. Uncertain – there is no assurance
  • Source: Sharing the Good News with Roman Catholic Friends
evangelizing hispanics6
Evangelizing Hispanics
  • D. Understanding the Decision-Making Process
decision making process like nicodemus
Decision-Making Process(Like Nicodemus)
  • DISCOVERY
  • DELIBERATION
  • DECISION
  • DISSONANCE
  • DISCIPLESHIP
  • Source: David Hesselgrave
slide13
DISCOVERY
  • Salvation by faith alone

DELIBERATION What about sacraments, saints, church ?

DECISION

  • I want to receive Christ
  • DISSONANCE
  • Pressure from family & friends
  • DISCIPLESHIP
  • Firmness in following Christ
evangelizing hispanics7
Evangelizing Hispanics

II. Effective Strategies

A. Kinship/Friendship Evangelism

B. Meetings in Homes

C. Utilizing Bible Studies

evangelizing hispanics8
Evangelizing Hispanics

II. Effective Strategies

  • Kinship/Friendship Evangelism
willingness to receive information through personal conversation from a family member
Willingness to receive information through…personal conversation from a family member

Hispanic Americans

If a local congregation or faith community wanted to reach out and inform you of what they have to offer, how willing would you be to receive information through each of the following methods?

Source: LifeWay Research Center

slide18
Willingness to receive information through…personal conversation with a friend or neighbor from the church

Hispanic Americans

If a local congregation or faith community wanted to reach out and inform you of what they have to offer, how willing would you be to receive information through each of the following methods?

slide19
Willingness to receive information through…visit to yourdoor by a member of that church or faith community

Hispanic Americans

If a local congregation or faith community wanted to reach out and inform you of what they have to offer, how willing would you be to receive information through each of the following methods?

b meetings in homes
B. Meetings in Homes

Catholic Scholars - on reasons why many Hispanics are becoming Evangelical: “The Catholic Church does not offer small, receptive, faith-sharing community context.”1.

Observation: Many Evangelicals believe that without “Cathedrals” we cannot win Hispanics to Christ.”

Catholics are saying: “It is those small, personal, spiritual, warm, Bible-centered groups that are attracting Hispanics to Evangelical churches.”

1. Miguel de la Torre, Hispanic American Religious Cultures, p.366

evangelizing hispanics9
Evangelizing Hispanics

“Hispanics respond favorably to a faith that is characterized by:

  • A clear affirmation of God’s transcendence,
  • Strong convictions about God’s will in matters of morality founded on biblical teachings,
  • A confidence in God’s power to work miracles and especially heal,
  • The possibility of establishing a personal relationship with God…Hispanics are finding these needs met by Evangelicalism and Pentecostalism.”1.

1. Miguel de la Torre, Hispanic American Religious Cultures, p.366 -7

evangelizing hispanics10
Evangelizing Hispanics

II. Effective Strategies

C. Utilizing Bible Studies (Fellowships)

evangelizing hispanics12
Evangelizing Hispanics
  • II. Effective Strategies
    • D. Pre-Evangelistic Events
      • Block Parties
      • Dramas, Concerts,
      • Films (Jesus Film at Lenten Season)
      • Gifts of Kindness
      • Vacation Bible School
evangelizing hispanics13
Evangelizing Hispanics
  • II. Effective Strategies
    • E. Ministries
      • ESL
      • Citizenship
      • Job Training
      • Tutoring
congregationalizing hispanics
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS

A variety of church types is needed to reach all of the segments of the Hispanic population

changing faiths latino and religious the transformation of american religion
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion
  • I. Some Need To Be Distinctively Hispanic
  • Two thirds attend Hispanic-oriented worship with:
  • 1. Latino clergy
  • 2. Services available in Spanish (bilingual)
  • 3. Heavily Latino congregations.
changing faiths latino and religious the transformation of american religion1
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion
  • Of these:
  • 77% are Foreign Born Hispanics
  • 48% are Native Born Hispanics (p.6)
  • For these, culture and language go together
  • Family loyalty also keeps them together
  • (Grandparents, parents, children)
changing faiths latino and religious the transformation of american religion2
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion
  • II. Some need to be in English Language – Hispanic Culture Churches
  • Due to selective assimilation native born Hispanics are fluent in the English language yet they retain socio-cultural elements that motivate them to worship in these types of churches.
  • “Conversion is higher among the native born than the foreign born. It is also higher among English-Speaking Latinos than it is among the Spanish Speakers.” (p.41)
changing faiths latino and religious the transformation of american religion3
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion
  • The more assimilated Hispanics:
  • 1. Have more friends outside their own cultural group – there is a greater possibility for them to have Evangelical friends.
  • 2. Are less bound by religious tradition
  • 3. Feel ignored by the Catholic Church
hispanic american religious cultures p 365
Hispanic American Religious Culturesp. 365
  • Roman Catholic Scholars:
  • “The sects not only appeal to the poor, oppressed, and marginalized, they also appeal to upwardly the mobile because they provide a means of becoming respectable members of the middle class without severing ties with their Hispanic roots and heritage.”
catholics
Catholics
  • 68% of Latinos identify as Catholics
    • 68% are foreign born
    • 55% say Spanish is primary language
    • 42% did not graduate from high school
    • 46% have household income less than $30,000 a year
    • 14% have household income over $50,000
evangelicals
Evangelicals
  • 15% of Latinos identify as Evangelicals
    • 55% are foreign born
    • 63% say English is primary language or are bilingual
    • 64% have a high school diploma
    • 39% have household income less than $30,000 a year
    • 21% have household incomes over %50,000
changing faiths latino and religious the transformation of american religion4
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion

III. Some need to be English-Speaking, Anglo-Cultural Churches that have a sensitivity for the Hispanic Culture

  • The more assimilated Hispanics feel comfortable in this type of setting
  • Many of these live and work alongside Anglos, therefore, going to church with them is quite natural
miguel de la torre hispanic american religious cultures p 366 7
Miguel de la Torre, Hispanic American Religious Cultures, p.366 -7
  • Catholic scholars on decline of the Catholic church among Hispanics:
  • 1. “Due to failure to acknowledge the diversity of persons in the Hispanic community…”
  • 2. “There’s a lack of awareness of ethnic and social class characteristics.”
  • We must not make the same mistake.
  • Careful study is needed
changing faiths latino and religious the transformation of american religion5
Changing Faiths: Latino and Religious the Transformation of American Religion
  • “Ethnic oriented worship combined with the rapid growth of the Hispanic population leave little doubt that a detailed understanding of the religious faith among Latinos is essential to understanding the future of this population as well as the evolving nature of religion in the United States” (p. 4)
congregationalizing hispanics1
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS
  • Major question we need to answer:
  • Since Hispanics are growing exponentially, are our church planting strategies incremental (by addition) or exponential (by multiplication)?
  • It is obvious that we need strategies for exponential church planting.
congregationalizing hispanics2
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS
  • I. What’s the starting point?
  • A. Begin with existing churches
  • 1. We have many established churches (Anglo, African American, Asian, Hispanic) that need to start Hispanic churches in their communities. (Especially in new areas of Hispanic concentrations) N. Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Arkansas, Nevada
  • New communities in established areas
  • 2. They need to catch a vision for church starting.
congregationalizing hispanics3
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS
  • The Antioch Church – An Example
  • A Church of Refugees (Acts 11:19)
    • It took Acts 8:1 to fulfill 1:8
  • At First reached “Jews Only” (Acts 11:19)
    • This was natural – same language, culture
    • Could have had limited ministry
    • Do we have too many 11:19 churches?
  • Then Reached to Gentiles (Acts 11:20)
    • Expanded its vision
    • Became a “Great Commission Church”
congregationalizing hispanics4
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS
  • The Antioch Church – An Example
  • Missionary training ground (Acts 11:26-27)
    • Barnabas brought Paul
    • Served one year – missionary training
  • Had Multicultural leadership (Acts 13:1)
    • Herod’s half brother
    • “Simon Niger” – African descent
  • Sent out first missionary team (Acts 13:3)
    • Willing to share their leaders
    • Willing to support the church planting team
congregationalizing hispanics5
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS
  • B. Examine Church Planting Models
  • 1. Observation: The largest Hispanic churches use home-based groups
    • a. Hispanics (R. Cath) go to a home quicker than to a “Protestant Church.”
    • b. This strategy does not require large educational buildings
    • c. Informality of the groups is conducive to the communication of the Gospel.
slide44

>

P E O P L E G R O U P M O D E L S

F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G

Sponsorship Styles

  • Majority Culture Church starts Ethnic Church within its own building

STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS

slide45

>

P E O P L E G R O U P M O D E L S

F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G

Sponsorship Styles

  • Majority Culture Church starts Ethnic Church at another location

STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS

slide46

>

P E O P L E G R O U P M O D E L S

F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G

Sponsorship Styles

  • Majority Culture Church & Ethnic Church Join to start an ethnic mission

STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS

slide47

>

P A R E N T I N G M O D E L S

F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G

Mother - Satellites

STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS

slide48

>

P A R E N T I N G M O D E L S

F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G

Sponsoring Church

  • Revitalization Project (an established church helps a small one to grow)

STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS

slide49

>

P A R E N T I N G M O D E L S

F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G

Sponsoring Church

  • Reclamation Project (an established church helps a dying church to be rebirth into a church of a different culture)

STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS

slide50

>

P A R T N E R I N G M O D E L S

F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G

Multi-Congregational Model

(One church, several congregations)

STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS

slide51

>

P R O P A G A T I O N M O D E L S

F O R C H U R C H S T A R T I N G

Church Planting Movements

(Multiplication of congregations)

STARTING REPRODUCING CONGREGATIONS | CHAPTER 5 | PREPARE: STRATEGIC FOUNDATIONS

congregationalizing hispanics6
CONGREGATIONALIZING HISPANICS
  • B. Examine Church Planting Models
  • 2. Church Planting Models in Cuba
    • Pertinent to us:
    • a. Hispanic cultural (R. Catholic background)
    • b. Existing churches – did not start from scratch
    • c. Mainly urban setting – most U.S. Hispanics now live in urban settings
    • d. Have experienced transitions in their lives

Source: Daniel Gonzalez, Modelo Cubano de Reinocrecimiento, 2008

slide53

Program-Based

Traditional Church

Worship

Local Church

Growth

Evangelism

Mutiplication(Missions)

Discipleship

Ministries

Fellowship

slide54

Traditional Church

With Small Groups

Small Groups

Church Building

Worship

Worship

Homes

Evangelism

Evangelism

Public Places

Discipleship

Discipleship

Schools

Ministries

Ministries

Fellowship

Fellowship

Work

slide55

Cell-Based Church

With Building

Small Groups

Or Cells

House

House

House

Worship

Publid Places

Evangelism

Celebration

Discipleship

Administration

Ministries

Building

School

Fellowship

Work

slide56

Cell Church

Without Building

Small Groups

Or Cells

Homes

Homes

Homes

?

Worship

Public Places

Evangelism

Celebration

Discipleship

Administration

Ministries

Schools

Fellowship

Work

slide57

House Church

Traditional Structure

Multiplication (Missions)

Homes

Homes

Worship

Worship

Evangelism

Evangelism

Discipleship

Discipleship

Ministries

Ministries

Fellowship

Fellowship

slide58

House Church Network

Under Established Church’s Umbrella

Homes

Homes

CHURCH UMBRELLA

ANCHOR

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Worship

Evangelism

Discipleship

Ministries

Fellowship

slide59

House Church Network

Under Association’s Umbrella

ASSOCIATION

Group of Churches

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Worship

Evangelism

Discipleship

Ministries

Fellowship

slide60

House Church Network

Under Constituted House Church

Homes

Homes

HOUSE

CHURCH

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Homes

Worship

Evangelism

Discipleship

Ministries

Fellowship

principles
PRINCIPLES
  • 1. Prayer – specific & concerted
  • 2. Small-groups (homes, garages, carports, apartments, etc.) in networks
  • 3. Reproduction in their DNA (every church planter has an apprentice)
  • 4. Evangelism & Church Plating follow kinship & friendship lines
principles1
PRINCIPLES
  • 5. Utilize a variety of workers
  • I. Strategy Coordinators
    • A. Catalytic – involve others
      • Study where churches are needed
      • Enlist sponsoring churches
      • Enlist church planting teams
      • Train the teams
      • Encourage the work of the teams
    • B. Responsible for areas (communities, cities)
principles2
PRINCIPLES
  • 5. Utilize a variety of workers
  • II. Church Planters
    • A. Encargados (In Charge of a house church)
    • B. Obreros Laicos (Lay Leaders)
    • C. Pastores Laicos (Lay Pastors)
    • D. Pastores Ordenados (Ordained Pastors)
principles3
PRINCIPLES
  • 6. Recognition of each level of leader
    • A. Encargados (Commissioned by a Church)
    • B. Obreros Laicos (Licensed Worker)
    • C. Pastores Laicos (Licensed Pastor)
    • D. Pastores Ordenados (Ordained Pastors)
principles4
PRINCIPLES
  • 7. On-going training for each level of leadership
      • Meet on a weekly basis
      • Learn as they serve
  • 8. Flexibility: “Estrategia Criolla” (Creole Strategy)
    • Some house churches become sponsoring churches of a network of house churches
    • Some use a modified form of cell groups & gather members regionally for celebration (worship)
principles5
PRINCIPLES
  • 9. Small Groups carry on the functions of a church (Acts 2: 40-47)
    • Worship
    • Evangelism
    • Discipleship
    • Ministry
    • Fellowship
  • 10. Boldness in sharing the Gospel and starting churches
observations
OBSERVATIONS
  • 1. By utilizing lay church planters and being willing to meet in whatever places are available, they have overcome two of the major limitations for church planting multiplication.
  • 2. By using simple methods of evangelism and church planting (i.e., Participative Bible, Informal Worship & Fellowship), they have enabled reproduction of simple churches.
our challenge
Our Challenge
  • 1. The Hispanic American population is continuing to grow exponentially. The US has the 2nd largest concentration of Hispanics in the world.
  • 2. Hispanics are more receptive to the Gospel than ever before. 20% “Protestant or Evangelical.” (3rd Generation – 30%)
our challenge1
Our Challenge
  • 3. We have more resources than ever before
    • More studies are available
    • More successful church planting models
  • 4. There are more opportunities for partnerships than ever before
    • Hispanic churches
    • Anglo churches
    • African American churches
    • Others
our challenge2
Our Challenge
  • 5. We are seeing a mighty movement of the Spirit of God in many parts of the world.
  • In China, India, Africa, Latin America thousands are coming to Christ and thousands of churches are being planted
  • Many Christians are earnestly praying that this will happen on a large scale here in America in our day.
our challenge3
Our Challenge
  • How are we going to respond to the challenge of reaching and congregating Hispanics?
  • What will future generations say? (Churchill)