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  1. The evolution of IT literacy (and platforms) Skills: none Concepts: evolution of platforms for developing and delivering IT applications, changes in the IT literacy course as platforms changed, our current Internet-era IT literacy curriculum This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.

  2. Where does this topic fit? • Internet concepts • Applications • Technology • Implications • Internet skills • Application development • Content creation • User skills

  3. The pioneers What skillsand conceptsare needed for success as a student and after graduation as a professional and a citizen? John Kemeney Thomas Kurtz

  4. That’s the question ? The answer changes over time because IT platforms change What is my answer (for now) I’d like to hear your answers.

  5. “Computers” in the 1940s

  6. 1st Generation: batch processing ENIAC, 1946 UNIVAC, 1951

  7. Punch card code

  8. No IT literacy courses in the batch processing era

  9. Time sharing

  10. Dartmouth computer lab, mid 1960s

  11. Time sharing era IT literacy • Concepts • Applications • Technology • Implications • Skills • Simple programming • Algorithmic thinking

  12. Personal computing Altair, January 1975

  13. Electric Pencil and Microsoft BASIC, 1975

  14. Visicalc, 1979

  15. PC era IT literacy • Concepts • Applications • Technology • Implications • Skills • Simple programming • Algorithmic thinking • Word processing • Spreadsheets

  16. PCs with graphical user interfaces

  17. GUI era IT literacy • Concepts • Applications • Technology • Implications • Skills • Word • Excel • PowerPoint • Access

  18. The Internet NSFNet, July 1986-8, 56 kbps

  19. Internet era IT literacy • Concepts • Applications • Technology • Implications • Skills • Application development • Content creation • User skills

  20. Application development Personal computer Batch processing and time sharing Internet platform

  21. Content creation data types Text Image Audio Video

  22. User skills

  23. IT literacy evolution Timesharing PC Windows Internet Mobile ?

  24. Topic modules Complete course • . . . Supplement

  25. Topic modules and assignments

  26. You Email: lpress@csudh.edu Web: http://som.csudh.edu/fac/lpress/

  27. Summary What skillsand conceptsare needed for success as a student and after graduation as a professional and a citizen? John Kemeney Thomas Kurtz

  28. Self-study questions Without looking back, can you identify the changing IT platforms we reviewed? What are the three skill areas included in the Internet era IT literacy curriculum? Give an example of each. What are the conceptual areas included in the Internet era IT literacy curriculum? Give an example of each. Do you recall the categories of skills and concepts covered in our current IT literacy course? Mobile devices and applications are becoming important. How might that trend effect the IT literacy curriculum?

  29. Resources John G. kemeney and Thomas E. Kurtz, “The Dartmouth Time-Sharing Computing System,” Final Report to the NSF), June 1967. http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED024602.pdf Kemeny, John G., and Kurtz, T. E., "Dartmouth Time Sharing, “Science, Vol 162, No 3850, October 11, 1968, pp 223-228. http://dtss.dartmouth.edu/sciencearticle/ Historical site on the Dartmouth Time Sharing System project: http://dtss.dartmouth.edu/history.php A longer description of the content of our course: http://cis275topics.blogspot.com/2010/07/course-overview.html Blog on the process leading up to this course: http://computerliteracy3.blogspot.com/