Tools for communication and collaboration Skills: none Concepts: pre Internet tools, key contributions to the development of the Internet, collaboration in other species This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.
Where does this topic fit? • Internet concepts • Applications • Technology (communication) • Implications • Internet skills • Application development • Content creation • User skills
Lascaux Caves 15,000 years ago What new tool did they use for communication and coordination?
Can you identify these tools for communication and collaboration?
Hieroglyphic writing Phonetic writing Gutenberg press Telephone Morse code Greek torches Chappe’s semaphore telegraph Punch card storage Electronic telegraph
Our latest tool for collaboration -- the Internet Vision … Engineering prototype … Useful tool … Ubiquitous tool
Vannevar Bush, the vision Artist’s conception of a “memex” Vannevar Bush
Doug Engelbart, the research prototype • The mouse • Hyperlinks • Video conferencing • WYSIWYG word processor • Multi-window user interface • Shared documents • Shared database • Documents with images & text • Keyword search • Instant messaging • Synchronous collaboration • Asynchronous collaboration • Chord keyboard
The Demo, 1968 http://bit.ly/SQx8VX Clip 2: Vision of the future Clip 3: Word processing Clip 8: Graphics Clip 12: Mouse Clip 25, 26: Collaboration and windowed user interface
In a few years, men will be able to communicate more effectively through a machine than face to face. What will on-line interactive communities be like? ... They will be communities not of common location, but of common interest. Licklider and Taylor, 1968 JCR Licklider Robert Taylor
NSFNet – the start of ubiquity 1991 Today 1986
Self-study questions Research and briefly describe each of the tools illustrated in slide 4. We described the contributions of a number of Internet pioneers – it is not possible to credit any one of them as the sole inventor of the Internet. Samuel Morse is often credited with the invention of the telegraph – was he the sole inventor of the telegraph? (Explain) We focused on the Internet as a general collaboration tool – what are some of the specific Internet applications we use for communication and collaboration?
Resources Communication using torches in ancient Greece: http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Communication.htm Chappe’s semaphore telegraph: http://people.seas.harvard.edu/~jones/cscie129/images/history/chappe.html About hunting by humpback whales: http://www.kpbs.org/news/2012/feb/20/nature-ocean-giants-deep-thinkers/ The evolution of writing systems: http://www.ancientscripts.com/ As we may think, Vannevar Bush, Atlantic Monthly, July 1945: http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1945/07/as-we-may-think/3881/ Lickliderand Taylor: The Computer as a Communication Device, 1968. http://memex.org/licklider.pdf The Demo, Doug Engelbart: http://sloan.stanford.edu/mousesite/1968Demo.html