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Moral Control . Notes: Movies . Reformers tried to enforce morality by law. They sought to ban gambling, amusement parks, dance halls, and movie theaters. Movies were the main cause of this: Many movies were seen as immoral and sending the wrong message.

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notes movies
Notes: Movies
  • Reformers tried to enforce morality by law.
  • They sought to ban gambling, amusement parks, dance halls, and movie theaters.
  • Movies were the main cause of this:
    • Many movies were seen as immoral and sending the wrong message.
    • They were shown in immigrant neighborhoods in five cent halls called nickelodeons.
  • Some cities and states set up censorship boards.
notes prostitution
Notes: Prostitution
  • Major social problem in urbanizing America.
    • Male procurers lured new female immigrants into the prostitution business and collected some of their income.
  • Prostitutes made more money than women working in a factory.
    • Early twentieth century prostitutes could earn five times more than the average factory worker.
  • The Mann Act (1910)
    • Banned transportation of women across state lines to use them for “immoral purposes”.
notes hygiene
Notes: Hygiene
  • American Social Hygiene Association of 1914
    • Created by John D. Rockefeller Jr. (son of Standard Oil founder John D. Rockefeller Sr.) during the social hygiene movement.
    • Sought to improve health of individuals, their families, and entire communities especially regarding sexually transmitted diseases
      • Most diseases were transmitted because of prostitution
    • The members of the association felt that the elimination of prostitution would do away with STDs and STIs too.
notes alcohol
Notes: Alcohol
  • Some campaigns had previously attempted to ban alcohol.
  • Alcohol abuse was a big problem.
    • Annual consumption of hard alcohol per person was about 2.6 gallons per year
  • Poverty, domestic abuse, health issues, and other social pathologies were results of alcoholism.
notes anti saloon act
Notes: Anti-Saloon Act
  • Anti-Saloon Act (1895)
    • Founding led the legal abolition of alcoholic beverages.
    • Documented the role of alcohol, saloon problems, family disorders, political corruption, and workplace inefficiency.
    • Supported by Woman’s Christian Temperance Union and other influential church agencies.
notes drugs
Notes: Drugs
  • Opium
    • Derived from juice of poppies
    • Smoked by Chinese immigrants
    • Also used in medicines
      • Physicians and manufacturers freely used the derivatives morphine and heroin
  • Cocaine
    • Extracted from cocoa leaves
    • Coca-Cola contained cocaine until about 1900.
  • Hague Opium Treaty of 1912
    • A 12 nation agreement undertaken at US initiative.
notes drugs cont
Notes: Drugs cont
  • Harrison Narcotics Act of 1914
    • Follow up of the Hague Treaty
    • Strictly regulated drugs such as heroin, morphine, cocaine, and other addictive drugs