Mesopotamia Gods and Goddesses. Temples. The Mesopotamians built ziggurats Ziggurats were big brick pyramids Different from Egypt (bigger) Believed the Gods and Goddesses lived in the sky The taller the ziggurat the better. Monsters. Mesopotamians believed in many monsters
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Temples • The Mesopotamians built ziggurats • Ziggurats were big brick pyramids • Different from Egypt (bigger) • Believed the Gods and Goddesses lived in the sky • The taller the ziggurat the better
Monsters • Mesopotamians believed in many monsters • Were a mix of animal and bird • Could be good or bad
Presentations • Read your paragraph. • Present 4 important pieces of information. • Name of God or Goddess • What the God or Goddess is in control of • What city worshipped the God or Goddess • An interesting fact about the God or Goddess • Everyone else, write down the important parts.
Enlil • Enlil was a Mesopotamia God. He was the God of breath, wind, and breadth (height and distance) and weather. He is also known as the Lord of the Storm. The city of Nippur worshipped Enlil. Enlil was believed to be the reason plants grew. Enlil had many children, all who lived in the underworld. Enlil is seen as one of the most important Gods.
An • An is one of the oldest Gods in Mesopotamia. He is the God of Heaven, stars, king of the gods, spirits and demons. The city of Uruk worshipped him. He was someone who judged people on their crimes. His wife was Ki (Goddess of the Earth) and Enlil (God of Air) is their son. An is supposed to be a sphere around the Earth. Outside of the sphere is Tiamat (original Goddess)
Enki • Enki was an old Mesopotamian God. He was the God of Water, Intelligence (knowledge), and creation. The city of Eridu worshipped Enki. Enki had many children. He is often written as the number 40. He was also the God of Mischief and Beer. Enki was a very popular God for a very long time.
Ereshkigal • Ereshkigal was one of the first Mesopotamian Goddesses. She was the Goddess of the Land of the Dead. The name of the Land of the Dead is Irkalla. Ereshkigal is the only one who can make decisions in Irkalla. She is sister to Inanna. The city of Kutha worshipped her. Sometimes her name is written as Irkalla.
Inanna • Inanna is a very old Mesopotamian Goddess. She is the Goddess of Love, Children, and War. People have been worshipping Inanna since 4000 BCE. The people of the city of Uruk worshipped her. Inanna is thought to rule the planet Venus, and her symbol is an 8-pointed star. Inanna has many names including Nin, Ishtar, Ennin, Ninnin, Innina, Nin-ana. Innana is the daughter of Nanna/Sin.
Sin/Nanna • Nanna is an old Mesopotamian God. He is the God of the Moon and son of Enlil and Ninlil. The city of Ur worshipped him. Nanna is also sometimes seen as a God of Children or Wisdom. Nanna was considered to be the King of the Gods. Temples to Sin are found all over Mesopotamia. Sin is the son of Enlil and Ninlil.
Ninhursag • Ninhursag is one of the first Mesopotamian Goddesses. She is the Goddess of the Sacred Mountain, and fertility. She is thought to be the creator of the Kings of Sumer. She is frequently called ‘Mother’ or ‘Mamma’. The city of Kish worshipped her, although she had temples all over Mesopotamia.
Nammu • Nammu was the primeval sea where the Gods and Goddesses came from. She is the very first being. She gave birth to two children, An and Ki (God of Heaven, Goddess of Earth). The city of Ur worshipped her. Most of her jobs were taken over by Enki, and she was almost forgotten. She is very old, but not very well known. It is her idea to create humans, and then Enki actually makes them.