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The End of the Civil War. Reconstruction and Reunification Learning Target: I can explain the post war challenges facing the nation. Set Questions:. What does the word emancipate mean? How was the South’s economy and infrastructure affected by the war?

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The end of the civil war

The End of the Civil War

Reconstruction and Reunification

Learning Target: I can explain the post war challenges facing the nation.

Set questions
Set Questions:

  • What does the word emancipate mean?

  • How was the South’s economy and infrastructure affected by the war?

  • What side did African Americans troops fight in large numbers for?

  • After the First Battle of Bull Run both sides realized what?

  • Who is remembered for his march to the sea?

  • Due to the Civil War did the Confederate States gain independence?

The war ends
The War Ends

  • Lee surrenders to Grant

    • Appomattox Court House – 4/29/1865

      “The war is over, the rebels are our countrymen again.”

      -Ulysses S Grant

To continue
To Continue?????

  • Some Southern leaders want to continue the war

    • Lee decided against this

  • Why did the South lose:

    • Factories

    • Manpower

    • Railroads

The war s toll
The War’s Toll

  • Around 620,000 Americans died

    • 260,000 Confederacy

    • 360,000 Union

      • 37,000 African Americans


  • How could the North have won if it suffered so many more casualties?

    • Higher Population

    • Immigration

The war s toll1
The War’s Toll

  • The South was DEVASTATED

    • Factories and Cities were burned

    • Railroad tracks and farms were destroyed

    • Working age men were killed or wounded

Lincoln s plan
Lincoln’s Plan

  • Lincoln wanted a “Soft Policy” towards the South

  • Wants to win over Southerners and their leaders

  • Ten Percent Plan

    • As soon as 10% of the State’s voters swore an oath of loyalty to the Federal Government that state could again send representatives to congress

Lincoln s assassination
Lincoln’s Assassination

  • Assassinated April 14, 1865 at Ford’s Theatre in Washington D.C. by

    • John Wilkes Booth

The freedmen s bureau
The Freedmen’s Bureau

  • Created by Congress in 1865

  • Help emergency relief for freed slaves

    • Education

    • Housing

    • Jobs

The thirteenth amendment
The Thirteenth Amendment

  • Approved January 1865

  • Bans both slavery and all kinds of forced labor

  • Throughout the ENTIRE nation

  • Question: What is the difference between the 13th amendment and the Emancipation Proclamation?

    • 13th Amendment ends slavery everywhere in the country

    • Emancipation Proclamation ends slavery only in the rebelling states

The fourteenth amendment
The Fourteenth Amendment

  • Granted Citizenship to ALL people born or naturalized in the United States

  • Why did I capitalize ALL?

    • This now includes African Americans.

  • What states would try to take citizenship rights away and from whom?

    • The South was trying to stop African Americans from becoming citizens.

The fifteenth amendment
The Fifteenth Amendment

  • Prohibits all states from denying voting rights on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

  • Why would southern states try to block African Americans from voting?

    • They did not want the African American voters from electing officials that would help them.

Problems in the south
Problems in the South

  • Even after the 13th and 14th amendment racial discrimination persisted

    • Segregation in public places and schools

The klu klux klan
The Klu Klux Klan

  • The KKK and other radical groups start up in the South

    • Many Southern whites are appalled at now being “equal” to African Americans in the eyes of the law.

    • These groups tried to intimidate African Americans from voting and taking an active role in public life.

The civil rights movement
The Civil Rights Movement

  • Start in the 1950’s by prominent African American social leaders.

    • Civil Disobedience

      • Marches

      • Sit Ins

      • Rosa Parks

Separate but equal little rock 9
Separate but Equal? – Little Rock 9