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AVIATIONMERITBADGE

Lt Col John “Gator” Wallin

Viper Pilot

1 Nov 01


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I Want to Be a Pilot

  I want to be a pilot when I grow up because it’s fun and easy to do. Pilots don’t need much school, they just have to learn numbers so they can read the instruments. I guess they should be able to read maps so they can find their way if they get lost. Pilots should be brave so they won’t get scarred if it’s foggy and they can’t see or if a wing or motor falls off they should stay calm so they’ll know what to do. Pilots have to have good eyes so they can see through clouds and they can’t be afraid of lighting or thunder because they are closer to them then we are. The salary pilots make is another thing that I like. They make more money than they can spend. This is because most people think airplane flying is dangerous except pilots don’t because they know how easy it is. There isn’t much I don’t like, except girls like pilots and all the stewardesses want to marry them so they always have to chase them away so they won’t bother them. I hope I don’t get airsick because if I do I couldn’t be a pilot and would have to go to work.

  A Fifth Grader


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Administrative Paperwork

  • Requirements sheet

  • Merit Badge Worksheet


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Define “Aircraft”

  • “a weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces.” – Websters

  • “a device that is used or intended to be used for flight in the air.” - FAA


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Types of Aircraft

  • Lighter-than-air

  • Glider

  • Airplane

  • Rotorcraft

  • Powered-lift


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Lighter-than-Air“Balloons and Airships”

The National Eagle Scout Association and Order of the Arrow hot air balloons at the 2001 National Boy Scout Jamboree

Graf Zeppelin compared to a Boeing 747 and the HMS Titanic


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Glider“Sailplanes”

Sailplane over Tennessee


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Predator, USAF

Airplanes

SR-71, USAF

Dec 17, 1903:

120 feet in 12 secs

B-2, USAF

Sky Hawk, Cessna

Caravan Amphibian,

Cessna


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Rotorcraft“Helicopters and Gyroplanes”

Gyrocopter

MH-53J, USAF

Gyroplane



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Powered-Lift“V-22”


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Engines

  • Piston

  • Turboprop

  • Jet Engines




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Turbojet Engine

Turbofan Engine

Jet Engine


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Forces Acting on Aircraft

LIFT

THRUST

DRAG

WEIGHT (gravity)


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How an Airfoil Works ?

Bernoulli’s Principle



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Directional Control

YAW - rudders

PITCH - elevators

ROLL - ailerons


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YAW

Rudder – The foot pedals are connected by means of wires or hydraulics to the rudder of the tail section. The rudder is the vertical part of the tail that can move from side to side.


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ROLL

Ailerons – The stick is connected by means of wires or hydraulics to the wings’ ailerons. By turning the stick, the pilot can change the positions of the ailerons.


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PITCH

Elevators – The stick (joy stick) is connected by means of wires or hydraulics to the tail section’s elevators. By moving the stick, the pilot can change the position of the elevators.




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Certificates/Ratings

  • Recreational pilot certificate

    • a person is qualified to act as pilot-in-command of a single-engine aircraft carrying 1 passenger

  • Private pilot certificate

    • you can act as pilot-in-command of an aircraft carrying passengers and baggage

  • Instrument rating

    • a pilot can fly the aircraft by solely using the flight instruments within the aircraft


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Job Opportunities

  • Careers with the Airlines

  • Landing Facilities

  • Engineering Research & Development

  • General Aviation

  • Government Aviation

  • Aerospace Industries

  • Military Aerospace (USAF, USN, USMC, USA, NOAA)

  • National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA)




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Credits

  • Bill Britt SM Troop 509, (http://troop509.org) Hurlburt Field, FL

  • http://meritbadge.com/files/mb-pdfs/Aviation.pdf