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changing the Data Sharing Culture in the eastern European countries. to share or not to share. Brigitte Hausstein. Berlin, Germany. source of information: cessda ppp/WP7 identified constraints roots of data sharing culture overcoming the barriers / cessda ERI.
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changing the Data Sharing Culture in the eastern European countries to share or not to share Brigitte Hausstein Berlin, Germany
source of information: cessda ppp/WP7 identified constraints roots of data sharing culture overcoming the barriers / cessda ERI
cessda ppp (2008-2009): WP7 Widening Poland, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine countries: information collection: • workshop (July 2008) • country reports (May 2008) • onsite meetings with data archives and funders (November 2008 and March 2009)
Identified constraints • ownership of data: tendency of privatisation of data • competition (for funding) and distrust among researchers • fear of exploitations and misuse • missing willingness (time and effort) • low motivation (lack of career rewards for data sharing) • lack of documentation of data, quality of meta data • shortage of expertise and resources in data management • data produced not for wider use (intension of the research project) • missing capacities (including financial) and knowledge • lack of an appropriate archive service (missing infrastructure) • missing awareness of funders and lack of policy initiatives
Roots of data sharing culture: research traditions • handling of information and data controlled by state and party • no sharing of any kind of information, no free flow of information • collaboration between researchers top-down (state and party) • no international projects • technical hindrances, level of technology • small knowledge and experiences in data- related issues • selective access to raw data, no data archives before 1990 • institutional reorganisations /no infrastructure • dramatic shortcuts of funding for social science research • project oriented research dominating, long-term funding rare • data as goods privatisation of data, selling data to the west, generating extra income • involvement in comparative projects selective • mistrust and competition among researchers early 1990s
/ Overcoming the barriers • data producing projects for wider data use • granting applications including a budget to cover data management • relationship between research and service activities • act as an agent/facilitator for data sharing • promoting the benefits and the value to users and funders • involvement in data gathering research projects • providing expert support for researchers (meta data production, tools, access conditions and control) researchers data archives
// Overcoming the barriers research funders • development and implementation of a national data sharing policy (including control mechanism) • up-front role in requiring deposition of data • funding of long-term data producing research projects • long-term funding for infrastructure services • require their authors to provide links to the data sets upon which their articles are based • support a linking system between data and all publications that exist for the data publishers
/// Overcoming the barriers • common policy to stimulate data sharing and permanent access to research data • strategic decisions and agreements on European level • unified data preservation policies • development of an accreditation system • support of national data archives and agreements on harmonised actions • making data sets citable including citation standards • making the publication of data as valued as a paper publication • offering training facilities, tools, standards and best practice ERI
To sum up: / psychological and research-traditional barriers • researchers • research funders • publishers • national data archives • cessda ERI /// fundingsystem and financial resources // lack of knowledge and expertise data sharing • //// lack of an appropriate archive service • (missing infrastructure)