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Match the Northern European countries! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Norway. United Kingdom. Iceland. Finland. Sweden. Ireland. Match the Northern European countries!. Denmark. Physical Geography: Europe. A continent of peninsulas and islands. What is a Peninsula?. Europe is composed of many peninsulas

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Match the Northern European countries!


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    1. Norway United Kingdom Iceland Finland Sweden Ireland Match the Northern European countries! Denmark

    2. Physical Geography: Europe A continent of peninsulas and islands

    3. What is a Peninsula? • Europe is composed of many peninsulas • The Scandinavian Peninsula is occupied by the nations of Norway and Sweden • The Jutland Peninsula forms Denmark and a small part of Germany • The southern part of Europe contains 3major peninsulas: • 1. Iberian Peninsula, 2. Italian Peninsula, & the 3. Balkan Peninsula Scandinavian Jutland Iberian Italian Balkan

    4. What is an island? • Larger islands: Great Britain, Ireland, Iceland, and Greenland • Smaller islands: located in the Mediterranean Sea…Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, and Crete

    5. What is a fjord? • In Norway, glaciers carved out of fjords (fyawrdz), which are steep U-shaped valleys that filled with seawater after the ice melted.

    6. Mountains chains • The most famous mountain chain in Europe is The Alps • Spread across France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and northern Balkan Peninsula • Cut off Italy from the rest of Europe

    7. Mountains chains • The Pyrenees Mountains • Cut off Spain and Portugal • The Balkan Mountains • Block Balkan Peninsula and isolate various ethnic groups

    8. Rivers: Europe’s links • Network of rivers that brings people, goods, and ideas together • Rhine River • Danube River • - Flows 820 miles from interior of Europe to the North Sea • - Cuts across Europe 1,771 miles, touching 9 countries

    9. Northern European plain • One of the most fertile agricultural plains in the world • Why would this area be important to militaries throughout Europe?

    10. Europe’s resources • Abundant in coal and iron ore. • What important material do these 2 things make? • Where are major petroleum deposits found in Europe? • Which countries have few natural resources?

    11. Resources shape life • Because Ireland lacks energy resources, they cut peat from large beds and burn it as fuel. • Peat is partially decayed plant matter found in bogs

    12. Climate • Most of Europe has a marine west coast climate • The sunny Mediterranean climate attracts people to live and vacation around the Mediterranean Sea What brings Europe warm winds and adequate rainfall?

    13. Climate • Far north in Scandavia, the Artic Circle brings cold, snowy winters in a humid continental climate.

    14. Polders: land from the seaThe Dutch needed more land for their growing population

    15. Venice, Italy A city of islands

    16. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Byv4x3GGL8o

    17. Water Pollution: Venice • Industrial waste, sewage, and saltwater combine and eat away the foundations of buildings causing erosion • “Killer Algae”: decaying algae uses up all the oxygen which causes fish in water to die  insects in water = STENCH!

    18. Acid rain strips forests • Europe’s factories produce high amounts of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions • This is a picture of Germany’s “Black Forest” which has suffered the effects of acid rain

    19. Vocab Words! Write the definition and draw a picture • Peninsula (definition and list them) • Island • Fjord • The Alps • The Pyrenees • The Balkans • Rhine River • Danube River • Peat • Steel • North Atlantic Drift • Polder • Venice canals • Acid rain

    20. Vocab Words! Write the definition and draw a picture • Peninsula (definition and list them) • Island • Fjord • The Alps • The Pyrenees • The Balkans • Rhine River • Danube River • Peat • Steel • North Atlantic Drift • Polder • Venice canals • Acid rain