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An Introduction to maritime transport in Latin America and the Caribbean

An Introduction to maritime transport in Latin America and the Caribbean

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An Introduction to maritime transport in Latin America and the Caribbean

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  1. An Introduction to maritime transportin Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 13-15 November JHoffmann@ECLAC.cl.

  2. Outline of the presentation Introduction Track A Shipping Track B Ports Track C Intermodal Challenges to research

  3. Outline of the presentation Introduction Specialization Track A Shipping Track B Ports Track C Intermodal Challenges to research

  4. Panama World Market Share Flag

  5. Honduras World Market Share Seafarers

  6. Chile World Market Share MEEZ Coast Carriers

  7. South American Operators 2002, TEU Fuente: cepal/ Fairplay foreign flag national flag

  8. Open registries Source: UNCTAD

  9. Example • Moves 6.9% of Chilean trade • Obtains 83% of its turnover abroad • Owns 5% of the ships it operates Source: directemar, csav, dynaliner

  10. “Clustering” of countries

  11. “Clustering” of sectors

  12. Maritime Transport in LAC Introduction Privatization Track A Shipping Track B Ports Track C Intermodal Challenges to research

  13. Privatization Concessioned public (common user) ports • Argentina • Brazil • Colombia • Chile • Mexico • Panama • Uruguay … 24 other Latin American and Caribbean countries still pending W h y ?

  14. Opposition of national private sector • Venezuela • Ecuador • Peru

  15. Unemployment, poverty, political difficulties • Guatemala • El Salvador • Honduras • Nicaragua • Costa Rica

  16. Monopolistic ports

  17. C L Labour reform Capital / labour

  18. Customs, ...

  19. New ports? First: use more efficiently what you have TEU/ ship-hour-port Benchmark, Central American ports (excl. Panama):

  20. Maritime Transport in LAC Introduction natural and home made obstacles Track A Shipping Track B Ports Track C Intermodal Challenges to research

  21. A natural barrier to intermodal transport….

  22. Another natural barrier to intermodal transport….

  23. Telematics Danger to miss the train - again… Today:Telematics 30 years ago:Containerization

  24. Global networksAPL

  25. Global networksMaersk-Sealand

  26. Intra-block trade Cargo reservation for cabotage Not allowed

  27. Maritime Transport in LAC Introduction Track A Shipping Track B Ports Track C Intermodal Challenges to research

  28. Thank you! An Introduction to maritime transportin Latin America and the Caribbean Panama, 13-15 November JHoffmann@ECLAC.cl.