Latin America and the Caribbean. Countries of Mexico and Central America. Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama. Countries of South America.
Countries of Mexico and Central America • Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
Countries of South America • Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay
Countries of the Caribbean • Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico (US)
Physical Features • Major Mountain ranges • Andes Mountains • Sierra Madre Mountains--Oriental and Occidental • Rainforests • Coastal Desert--Atacama Desert • Amazon River Basin
Tropical Grasslands--Pampas, Llanos • Archipelagoes groups of related islands • Reversed seasons south of the Equator • Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Vertical Zonation of Climates in Mexico • Tierra Templada-temperate • Tierra Fria-cold • Tierra Caliente-hot
Economic Characteristics • diverse economies • subsistence farming • plantation agriculture • slash and burn agriculture • cash crops and food crops • haciendas • cattle ranches and gauchos
deforestation • destruction of the rainforests • oil resources--Ecuador, Venezuela, Mexico • Heavy smog and pollution--Mexico City
disparity of income distribution • NAFTA member • diverse mineral resources • copper in Chile • iron ore in Venezuela and Brazil
Cultural Characteristics • Indian civilizations--Aztec, Inca • African traditions--slaves • influences of European colonization--Spanish • predominance of the Roman Catholic religion • rigid social structure—no movement
Mestizos-European and Native • location of settlements--coastal in South America • Megacities with large squatter settlements • rapid population growth • out-migration
Cultural heritage • music--African influences, calypso, steel drum bands, reggae • traditional dances • Spanish and Portuguese languages
Cultural landscape • pyramids and cathedrals • haciendas and ejidos (communal land) • ruins at Machu Picchu • ruins at Tikal
LatinAmerica From Mexico to Chile and Argentina
Andes 2nd highest range in the world. Run from Chile to Panama Sierra Madres In Mexico 3 different areas ORIENTAL OCCIDENTAL DEL SUR Mountain Ranges
Macchu Picchu is an ancient city that the Inca claimed was the center of the earth.
ancient Mayan city • ceremonial and civic center • Tikal is the "New York City" of the Maya, its skyscraper-like pyramids soaring up out of the jungle canopy.
Amazon River Basin • Over 1000 tributaries feed the Amazon River. • Drains an area almost the size of the USA. • Amazon 2nd largest river in the world. • Drains 60 times more water then the Nile.
Pampas In Argentina Used for grazing and farming Llanos In Venezuela Used for grazing and farming Grasslands