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Latin America and the Caribbean - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Latin America and the Caribbean. Countries of Mexico and Central America. Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama. Countries of South America.

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Latin America and the Caribbean


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Latin America and the Caribbean

    2. Countries of Mexico and Central America • Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama

    3. Countries of South America • Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay

    4. Countries of the Caribbean • Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico (US)

    5. Physical Features • Major Mountain ranges • Andes Mountains • Sierra Madre Mountains--Oriental and Occidental • Rainforests • Coastal Desert--Atacama Desert • Amazon River Basin

    6. Tropical Grasslands--Pampas, Llanos • Archipelagoes groups of related islands • Reversed seasons south of the Equator • Volcanoes and Earthquakes

    7. Vertical Zonation of Climates in Mexico • Tierra Templada-temperate • Tierra Fria-cold • Tierra Caliente-hot

    8. Economic Characteristics • diverse economies • subsistence farming • plantation agriculture • slash and burn agriculture • cash crops and food crops • haciendas • cattle ranches and gauchos

    9. deforestation • destruction of the rainforests • oil resources--Ecuador, Venezuela, Mexico • Heavy smog and pollution--Mexico City

    10. disparity of income distribution • NAFTA member • diverse mineral resources • copper in Chile • iron ore in Venezuela and Brazil

    11. Cultural Characteristics • Indian civilizations--Aztec, Inca • African traditions--slaves • influences of European colonization--Spanish • predominance of the Roman Catholic religion • rigid social structure—no movement

    12. Mestizos-European and Native • location of settlements--coastal in South America • Megacities with large squatter settlements • rapid population growth • out-migration

    13. Cultural heritage • music--African influences, calypso, steel drum bands, reggae • traditional dances • Spanish and Portuguese languages

    14. Cultural landscape • pyramids and cathedrals • haciendas and ejidos (communal land) • ruins at Machu Picchu • ruins at Tikal

    15. LatinAmerica From Mexico to Chile and Argentina

    16. Andes 2nd highest range in the world. Run from Chile to Panama Sierra Madres In Mexico 3 different areas ORIENTAL OCCIDENTAL DEL SUR Mountain Ranges

    17. Latin Americain Pictures

    18. SquatterCity in Brazil

    19. Native American heritage

    20. Mayan

    21. Inca

    22. Inca Chieftain

    23. Steel Drums

    24. Steel Drum Band

    25. Cathedral in Mexico

    26. Cathedral in Mexico

    27. Macchu Picchuin Peru

    28. Macchu Picchu is an ancient city that the Inca claimed was the center of the earth.

    29. Tikalin Guatemala

    30. ancient Mayan city • ceremonial and civic center • Tikal is the "New York City" of the Maya, its skyscraper-like pyramids soaring up out of the jungle canopy.

    31. Gauchos in Argentina

    32. ANDES

    33. Peaks in the ANDES

    34. Looking up

    35. Inca city of Machu Pichu

    36. Sierra Madres

    37. Sierra rocky cliffs

    38. Green slopes

    39. Looking across the range

    40. Amazon River Basin • Over 1000 tributaries feed the Amazon River. • Drains an area almost the size of the USA. • Amazon 2nd largest river in the world. • Drains 60 times more water then the Nile.

    41. Amazon River Basin(dark green)

    42. Amazon flowing through the rainforest.

    43. Pampas In Argentina Used for grazing and farming Llanos In Venezuela Used for grazing and farming Grasslands