There is Always Hope Julie Rems-Smario, M.A.,M.S. What Is ?. is a nonprofit organization, established for and by Deaf women in January 2003 Our mission at
is to end domestic violence and sexual assault against Deaf women and children through empowerment, education and services
Violence against women is different in each culture based on the language and values of their people
more likely than men to experience domestic violence
U.S. Department of Justice (1998)
“I am so exhausted from trying to teach the hearing system about my access rights that I cannot focus on taking care of myself. I feel like giving up” --Deaf survivor
OUR SYSTEM -- MORE STRIKES AGAINST DEAF SURVIVORSRevictimized by the system--Law enforcement, courts, shelters, department of children and family services, counseling, etc., due to audism
DEAF CULTUREDeaf culture is learned and passed down from generation to generation. Most cultures are passed down within families and at Deaf schools 90 percent of Deaf people are born to hearing parents, so only a small percentage of Deaf people learn their culture from their family. Most Deaf people learn their culture and language through interactions with their peers at school and in the Deaf community
a term used to describe discrimination or stereotypes against deaf people:
Judgement that a deaf person is incapable simply because he or she cannot hear
Assumption that the cultural ways of hearing people are preferable or superior to those of deaf or signing culture
Belief that deaf people are somehow less capable than hearing people--Audists can either be hearing or deaf
an attitude of thinking one person is superior to another person because he or she can hear better than him or her.
Audism also happens during interactions between some deaf:
Deaf people who do not value sign language and will not identify with the Deaf community may considerthemselves to be "better" than others who use sign language and are part of Deaf culture.
This is often learned behavior taught by public schools, oral programs, and hearing parents.
Historically practiced by administrators of education institutes for deaf children, training programs for deaf adults, interpreters, and some audiologists, speech therapists, otologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, librarians, researchers, social workers, and hearing aid specialists.
(Lane 1992: 43)
Deafhood conveys an affirmation and positive acceptance of being deaf.
Deafness-- a medical term which measures people deaf people in terms of their hearing loss as an undesirable medical condition.
Deafhood is a process of self-liberation
by Dr. Paddy Ladd in his book "Understanding Deaf Culture: In Search of Deafhood".
Only about 30% of the spoken words can be lip read, and the rest is educated guesswork
Educated guess work includes use of clozure skills
Clozure skills requires extensive thinking-- Survivors are too traumatized, tired and/or stressed out
YOU ME CROSS
MISS ME KNOW
WE MUST HAVE
EACH OTHER. I AM SORRY.
WOMAN SILLY MOUTH WIDE MY FACE ME UNDERSTAND NO
WOMAN WAS SCREAMING IN MY FACE I DIDN’T UNDERSTAND HER
DADDY MANY MANY HIT BLOOD ME SAW ME RAN TELL FRIEND ME AFRAID CALL POLICE MAYBE JAIL
DADDY HIT (WHO?) SO MANY TIMES TIL I SAW THE BLOOD. I WAS SO SCARED AND RAN AND TOLD A FRIEND ABOUT IT. MY FRIEND CALLED THE POLICE AND MAYBE DADDY WILL GO TO JAIL.
Courtesy of www.DVAS.org
DeafHope’s Empowerment PhilosophyOnly the survivor can make her own choices to start her journey towards rediscovering her own power This only can happen when she finds a place in her own language, ASL, and Deaf culture context.
When I first arrived at DeafHope I just sighed with relief because I can just focus 100% on healing without communication barriers. No more misunderstandings and stress”
DeafHope Advocates and Deaf SurvivorsWe listen with our EYES without judgingWe ask in ASL what she wantsWe explain with our HANDS her it is not her fault.We give her VISUAL safety planWe work with her to CHANGE the systemThere is no US and THEM—Always WE
HOW TO HELP CREATE MORE COMFORTABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR SHELTERS?Deaf woman in a hearing group living situation where everyone speaks different language is very isolating and lonely
ADWAS has materials for shelter residents “Domestic Violence Handbook for Deaf People” (www.adwas.org)