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What is Government?. What is Government?. Purpose Enforce Public Policies (what are they?) Security v. Freedom Characteristics 3 Branches Legislative Executive Judicial Most bound by a constitution. State. What is a state?

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what is government2
What is Government?
  • Purpose
    • Enforce Public Policies (what are they?)
    • Security v. Freedom
  • Characteristics
    • 3 Branches
      • Legislative
      • Executive
      • Judicial
        • Most bound by a constitution
  • What is a state?
    • A body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
  • Nation v. Country
characteristic of a state
Characteristic of a State
  • Population
  • Territory
  • Sovereignty
  • Government
origins of government
Origins of Government
  • Force Theory
  • Evolutionary Theory
  • Divine Right Theory
  • Social Contract
classifying governments
Classifying Governments
  • Who can participate?
  • The geographic distribution of governmental power within the state
  • The relationship between the legislative and executive branches of government
who can participate
Who can participate?
  • Democracy
  • Despotism
    • Autocracy
    • Oligarchy
who can participate democracy
Who can participate? Democracy
  • Supreme political authority rests w/ people
  • People hold sovereign power and government is conducted only by & with the consent of the people
  • “government of the people, by the people and for the people.” –Abraham Lincoln
who can participate democracy9
Who can participate? Democracy
  • Direct- (pure democracy)- people themselves create the policies
    • Practical for small communities
  • Indirect- (representative democracy)- group of people are chosen to represent specific populations
who can participate despotism
Who can participate? Despotism
  • Those who’s rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people
  • Oldest and most common throughout history
    • Autocracy
    • Oligarchy
  • Totalitarian
  • Usually gain power through force
geographic distribution of power
Geographic Distribution of Power
  • Unitary Government
  • Federal Government
  • Confederate Government
geographic distribution of power unitary government
Geographic Distribution of PowerUnitary Government
  • Centralized
  • Great Britain—Parliament
    • Local Governments only to relieve burden of menial tasks
  • Doesn’t mean Dictatorship!!!
geographic distribution of power federal government
Geographic Distribution of PowerFederal Government
  • Division of Power
  • Ex: USA, Australia, Canada, Mexico, Germany, Switzerland, India and 20+ others
geographic distribution of power confederate government
Geographic Distribution of PowerConfederate Government
  • Alliance of independent states
  • Ex: USA Between 1781-1789, EU
relationship between legislative and executive branches
Relationship between Legislative and Executive Branches
  • Presidential Government (USA, France)
    • Executive and legislative branches of the Government are separate
    • Independent
    • Equal
  • Parliamentary (Great Britain, India)
    • Executive is the leader of the majority party
types of government
Types of Government
  • Anarchy
  • Democracy
  • Autocracy
  • Monarchy
  • Dictatorship
  • Oligarchy
  • Stratocracy
  • Theocracy
  • Plutocracy