rhetoric and visual rhetoric for professional writers l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Rhetoric and Visual Rhetoric for Professional Writers PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Rhetoric and Visual Rhetoric for Professional Writers

Loading in 2 Seconds...

  share
play fullscreen
1 / 38
Download Presentation

Rhetoric and Visual Rhetoric for Professional Writers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

issac
407 Views
Download Presentation

Rhetoric and Visual Rhetoric for Professional Writers

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Rhetoric and Visual Rhetoric for Professional Writers Using Rhetorical Principles and Art / Design Theory to Analyze Images

  2. What is Rhetoric? ?

  3. Rhetoric • The Art of Persuasion • The Arts and Rules of Effective Communication • Aristotle: “the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion.” • The Art of Speaking and Writing Effectively.

  4. The Five Canons or Parts of Rhetoric • Invention inventio heurisis • Arrangement dispositio taxis • Style elocutio lexis • Memory memoria mneme • Delivery actio hypocrisis

  5. The 3 Rhetorical Questions • Who is speaking to whom? • For what ostensible purpose? • Through what mask?

  6. Audience Analysis • Who are my readers? • What do they know? • What do they need? • What are my readers’ purposes? • Information? • Online shopping? • Customer Service? • Interactive Order Forms?

  7. Visual Rhetoric & Visual Literacy Ability to “unpack” images by using principles from: Classical Rhetoric Gestalt Principles of Visual Perception Principles from Art / Design Theory Color Line Shape Spatial relationships

  8. Visual Rhetoric & Visual Literacy Understanding how to analyze images and their effect on viewers leads to the ability to manipulate images – figures, photographs, drawings, graphs – and the visual display of documents, so that you can effectively get your message across, so that you can persuade your audience to accept your point of view.

  9. Classical Rhetoric: Aristotle’s 3 Modes of Argument, the entechnoi • Ethos • Logos • Pathos • Kairos

  10. Gestalt Principles • Figure/Ground Segregation • Symmetry • Proximity • Closure

  11. Figure/Ground Segregation

  12. Poor Figure/Ground

  13. Conscious Manipulation • M. C. Escher

  14. M. C. Escher’s Moebius Strip

  15. Art / Design Theory • Unity • Often achieved by repetition of color and shape • Emphasis or Focus • Where your eye is immediately drawn to • Balance • Symmetrical & Asymmetrical • Visual Rhythm • The “pattern” your eye makes as it moves from area to area on a visual field

  16. For Example:

  17. Metaphorical Code of Color • Hot and warm colors -- those toward the Red end of the spectrum convey different emotional associations from • Cold and cool colors -- those toward the Blue end • Each color has negative and positive pathetic / emotional associations

  18. Spatial Relationships & Affect • Triangular Relationships • Spirituality, aspiration • Rectangular or 4-square • Stability, groundedness, earthiness • Circular Relationships • Movement, fluidity, dynamism, completeness

  19. Triangularity and Aspiration

  20. Line & Emotional Impact • Vertical Lines • Strength, Power, Aspiration • Horizontal Lines • Calmness, Balance, Repose, Groundedness • Diagonal Lines • Tension, Movement, Direction • Real, Implied, Perspective, Gestural • Circular • Movement, Unity, Dynamism

  21. Vertical Lines

  22. Horizontal Lines

  23. Diagonal Tension

  24. Kandinsky – Yellow, Blue, Red

  25. Search for a Universal Grammar of Color and Shape Match the Primary Colors – Red, Blue, Yellow, With the Primary Shapes – Circle, Triangle, Square Kandinsky felt there must be some intrinsic match up – some universal code

  26. The Four Contents • Formal Content Line, Color, Shape, Texture, Spatial Relations • Narrative Content Story, Allegory • Rhetorical Content Aristotle’s Appeals, 3 rhetorical questions • Expressive Content Combined effect of 1, 2, and 3. Effect upon viewer

  27. Effective Communication for the 21st Century • Principles of Document Design • Technical Writing Studies • Principles from Art Theory • Color, Form, Spatial Arrangement • Principles from Rhetoric • The Rhetorical Situation • Aristotle’s Appeals • New Rhetorical Principles Will Evolve from the Old