Cubism Breaking the Rules
Ancient Egyptians showed parts of the human figure from different points of view. The face is shown from the side, and shoulders and eyes are shown from the front.
Greek and Roman artists showed the human figure more realistically.
Medieval Christian artists painted flat figures • without concern for anatomy • without concern for scale
Renaissance artists painted the figure realistically. • Revived realism of Greek and Roman artists • Used shadows to show roundness • Developed perspective to show depth of space
Photography • Developed in the mid-1800’s • Showed images more realistically than painting
With photography artists could capture realistic images.Why paint realistically?
With paint other artists used color, line, shape and texture to create interesting designs.
Artists in the early 20th century saw the first films, saw exhibitions of African art, experienced flying, and were interested in Freud’s new psychology.
The world was changing, so with their art the Cubists dared to break the rules of Renaissance art.
Pablo Picasso painted faces that looked like African masks in 1907. This was the beginning of Cubism.
Picasso also painted so that the viewer sees a figure from different points of view all in one painting.
Cubist artists fractured and flattened forms. We call this analytical cubism.
Fernand Leger was a Cubist artist who was interested in machine parts.
With his friend Georges Braque, Picasso made collagesfrom scraps of newspapers, wallpaper, and sheet music.
In collages, they put together shapes of various papers to look like objects such as a guitar.
Next the Cubists began to paint the shapes to look like a collage rather than pasting shapes down. This is called Synthetic Cubism. Juan Gris was a Synthetic Cubist.
CreditsSlide 2 Mai and His Wife Urel, Tomb of Ramose, Thebes, 1375 B.C.Slide 3 Imperial Procession,portion of frieze of the Ara Pacis, 440 B.C.Slide 4 Madonna Enthroned,Cimabue, 1280-90Slide 5 Mona Lisa,Leonardo da Vinci, 1503-5Slide 7 Greta Garbo,Edward Steichen, 1928Slide 9 The Starry Night,Vincent Van Gogh, 1889Slide 10 Woman of the Mango,Paul Gauguin, 1892Slide 11 Mont Sainte-Victoire,Paul Cezanne, 1902 Slide 13 Nude Descending a Staircase II, Marcel Duchamp 1912Three Musicians, Pablo Picasso, 1921 Landscape at L’Estaque, Georges Braque 1906Pitcher and Violin, Georges Braque, 1909-1910Head of a Man_Self-Portrait, Juan Gris, 1916Slide 14 Details from Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, Pablo Picasso, 1907Slide 15 Girl Before a Mirror, Pablo Picasso, 1932Slide 16 Pitcher and Violin, Georges Braque, 1909-1910Slide 17 Soldier with a Pipe,Fernand Leger, 1916Man with a Pipe, Fernand Leger, 1920Slide 18 Bottle of Suze,Pablo Picasso, 1912Slide 19 Guitar, Music, and Wine Glass, Pablo Picasso, 1912Slide 20 Guitar on a Table,Juan Gris, 1915