Chapter 1 . Introduction and Research Methods. What is Psychology?. Psychology Psyche : Mind Logos : Knowledge or study Definition: The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Behavior—observable actions Overt; i.e., can be directly observed (crying)
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Introduction and Research Methods
Overt; i.e., can be directly observed (crying)
Covert; i.e., cannot be directly observed (remembering); private, internal
Mind—thoughts, feelings, sensations, perceptions, memories, dreams, motives and other subjective experiences
Wilhelm Wundt (1832–1920)
applied laboratory techniques to study of the mind.
reporting your thoughts, feelings, etc.)
Wundt’s student, professor at Cornell University
structuralism—identify ‘atoms’ of the mind
on subjective human experience.
Abraham Maslow (1908–1970)
behavior and mental processes
Researchers directly observe and record behavior rather than relying on subject descriptions. Innaturalistic observation, researcher records behavior as it occurs naturally.
Designed to investigate opinions, behaviors, or characteristics of a particular group. Usually in self-report form.
Numerical indication of magnitude and direction of the relationship between two variables