Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Overcoming Procrastination This powerpoint is designed for students who need advice on managing procrastination. The format of the Workshop is different to this powerpoint. Adam Sandelson and Chris Nancarrow LSE Student Counselling Service
Aims • Examine difficulties with procrastination • Identify a range of strategies to overcome it • Explore unhelpful negative thoughts and behaviours • Review sources of help
What is procrastination? Introduction
What is procrastination? • Putting off a task which needs to be done • It can affect our study and writing • We may disguise avoidance by being very busy • We may find things to do that are interesting or even useful, but don't contribute towards the main goal • It may involve feelings of anxiety, stress, guilt, shame and depression
Common issues • time management • inability to prioritise • overload of tasks at a specific time • anxiety about the task • not knowing what is required • feeling overwhelmed
How do we procrastinate? • When did you last procrastinate? • What triggers it?
Ask yourself from time to time: How am I using my mental and physical energy now? Is this good use of my time? Identify priorities/commitments for the week ahead and write on blank sheet lectures/classes; leisure activities; paid work; time for self; adequate rest/sleep. Taking control of time
acknowledge what you have achieved save mental energy be purposeful and realistic meet deadlines and keep up with work have effective study time and effective relaxation Enjoy yourself without guilt and worry Use personal timetabling to:
Reviewing essay preparation Don’t Ignore the essay title, plunge into reading, make copious notes, get overwhelmed with information and then start worrying about producing a coherent account. Instead • Give yourself time to think • Brainstorm, research answers, and learn • Through thinking and asking questions become more selective in your choice of material • Allow a structure to emerge, and be prepared to revise it
Writing Strategies • Free yourself up • Go for a walk; Talk it out loud • Wait for a structure to arrive • Bullet points, mind maps, scribble ideas • Give yourself time to work it out – learning and writing involve unconscious processes • Imagine looking back at this task in 2 or 6 months time • Work with others, use study groups, etc.
Budget about an hour for each sheet, half of which will be allocated to the draft. Don’t worry about being stylish. Clarity is much more important. Keep asking questions and finding answers. Let go of the tortuous process of putting the essay together like a jigsaw Use the essay to examine answers to your own curiosity Remember - is it a book or an essay? The final stage of writing
Use a daily schedule and weekly diary Prioritise and set achievable targets Revise targets Acknowledge progress Stay focussed Avoid avoidant activities! Reward yourself Overcoming Procrastination
Experiment with your standards for success. Try for 80% or even 60% Focus on the process of doing an activity not just the end result. Evaluate success in terms of what you accomplished and whether you enjoyed the task. Check your feelings. Monitor feelings of anxiety and depression. Don’t set up impossible expectations Face your fears that may be behind your procrastination - What am I afraid of? What is the worst thing that could happen?" Celebrate your mistakes Strategies to move forward
What kind of internal pressure do I put myself when preparing to work…? What negative thoughts get in the way of working? Where do these come from? Looking behind the time issue
Procrastination Mini Questionnaire • 1. Describe the Internal Critic. • 2. What does he or she say to you when you are under pressure? • (list negative thoughts) • Who’s voice is it? • 3. What is the resulting self defeating behaviour (i.e. procrastination) and unhealthy emotion (i.e. anxiety, fear, panic etc)? • Self Defeating Behaviour: • Unhealthy Negative Emotions: • What could an alternative be to the Internal Critic? (i.e. a less judgemental voice)
Look after yourself (diet, sleep) Keep a supportive structure for your daily life; have relaxation time See writing as a time of discovery Recall past achievements Challenge negative thoughts Imagine looking back at the task in 3 or 6 months time Conclusions
LSE Student Counselling Service • Free and confidential • Groups and Workshops programme • Self Esteem Group • Stress Management Group • Longer term groups for PhD and for MSc students • Website has information about the Service • Stress management handout • Relaxation tape MP3’s • Links to self help resources • Powerpoints from Workshops on perfectionism and procrastination