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Today’s Agenda:. Journal Question: What is the function of your brain? *1. Lecture I: The Brain & Nervous System 2. Video: “Amazing Brain” 3. Homework: Read Chapter 50 (pp.1002 – 1008). Dr. Rick Woodward “Your conscious life is an awake dream.”.

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today s agenda
Today’s Agenda:

Journal Question: What is the function of your brain?

*1. Lecture I: The Brain & Nervous System

2. Video: “Amazing Brain”

3. Homework: Read Chapter 50

(pp.1002 – 1008)

Dr. Rick Woodward

dr rick woodward your conscious life is an awake dream
Dr. Rick Woodward

“Your conscious life is an awake dream.”

The Amazing Brain

Dr. Rick Woodward

  • Introduction to the Brain
  • Observation Exercise
  • Active Learning
  • Classroom Environment: Colors Exercise
  • Gender Differences and Learning
  • Strange Brain’s & Genius
  • Advances in Pharmaceuticals & Non-pharmaceuticals
  • Learning to Learn
  • Creating an Original Thought

Dr. Rick Woodward

discovery magazine journal article
Discovery Magazine Journal Article

“10 Unsolved Mysteries of the Brain”

1. Questions that assess comprehension of the journal article:

-Selected Questions

(1) What are neurons?

(2) A typical neuron in the cortex of the brain receives input from how many different neurons?

(3) What is a synapse and how does it relate to memory?

(4) What happens when you stay awake for more than 24 hours?

Dr. Rick Woodward

our current memory capacity
Our Current Memory Capacity

In today’s world, are we using our brains more or less?


-Wired Journal Article

“According to recent research, we are remembering fewer and fewer basic facts these days.”

Dr. Rick Woodward

relevant research
Relevant Research
  • Neuroscientist, Ian Robertson, polled 3,000 people and found that the younger ones were less able than there elders to recall standard personal information.
  • Asking participants to recall a relative’s birth date, 87% of the respondents over age 50 could recite it, while less than 40% of those participants under the age of 30 could do so.

Dr. Rick Woodward

relevant research1
Relevant Research
  • When asked to recall their own phone number, 1/3 of the youngsters drew a blank.
  • Do you know your cell phone number?

-Younger Americans today are the first generation to grow up with everywhere gadgets and services that exist specifically to remember things so that they don’t have to.

-Do you know any of your friend’s e-mail addresses?

Dr. Rick Woodward

go everywhere gadgets
Go-Everywhere Gadgets
  • Gadgets that remember so that you don’t have to:

(1) Blackberrys

(2) Cell phones

(3) Thumb drives

(4) Gmail

(5) Outlook

(pop ups with your lunch dates and appointments)

Dr. Rick Woodward

go everywhere gadgets1
Go-Everywhere Gadgets

6. Verizon Droid

7. Apple Ipad

8. Motorola Honeycomb

9. Samsung Galaxy Tablet

Dr. Rick Woodward

droid applications
Droid Applications

Dr. Rick Woodward

go everywhere gadgets2
Go Everywhere Gadgets

Phone Applications: Applications do things so you don’t have to.

Newest application that seismologist are working on.

(1) Earthquake detection system can sound an alarm in the moments before a big tremor strikes. (Scientific American April 2011)

(2) You will be notified by an application on your phone so that you can find appropriate shelter ten seconds prior to an Earthquake.

P-Wave (Primary Wave) prior to S-Wave (Shear Wave)

(Another 5 years until this technology is available)

right now in california scientific america april 2011
Right Now in California!(Scientific America: April 2011

A prototype system links together 400 seismic stations in California and will soon send alerts to a small group of test users.

Alerts will be available within 5 seconds after the first p-wave hits.

Alerts would utilize network gadgets.

A count down will be sent to your phone that marks the countdown until shaking starts!

memory capacity
Memory Capacity

1. Brain: Up to 1,000 trillion synapses.

2. Library of Congress print collection: (32 trillion bytes)

3. Personal Computer: (About 100 billion bytes [100 GB])

Dr. Rick Woodward

analyzing information
Analyzing Information

A. The brain analyzes 40,000 bits of information every second.

(Sousa, 1995)

98-99% is done unconsciously!

(24 GB DDR3 Memory by Kingston Technology)


brain morphometry
Brain Morphometry
  • Brain morphometry is a subfield of both morphology and the brain sciences, concerned with the measurements of brain structures and changes during:

(1) Development

(2) Aging

(3) Learning

(4) Disease

(5) Evolution.

brain morphometry birn
Brain Morphometry (BIRN)

Morphometry focuses on:

A. Pooling and analyzing data across neuro-imaging sites for potential relationships between anatomical differences and specific memory dysfunctions:

(1) Depression

(2)Mild Alzheimer’s Disease

(3) Mild Cognitive Impairment

Dr. Rick Woodward

getting the brain s attention
Getting the Brain’s Attention:

A. Three ways to get the brain’s attention:

(1) Survival

(2) Emotions

(3) Novelty

how is new information learned
How is new information learned?

A. New information is remembered by how it is similar to existing knowledge and recalled by how it is different.

(Comparing new information with old information: Making connections.)

Dr. Rick Woodward

let s check out your memory capacity
Let’s Check OutYour Memory Capacity

A. Take out a blank sheet of paper.

(Write on the back of this handout)

B. As you look at the next slide try to memorize as many objects from this crime scene scenario as you can.

C. You have one full minute.

D. After the time has elapsed, draw as many of the objects that you can recall.


Dr. Rick Woodward

crime scene investigation
Crime Scene Investigation
  • Focus on the ten items shown below:

Dr. Rick Woodward

how many items did you come up with
How many items did you come up with?

A. Ten Items Total:

1. Tack

2. Paper Clip

3. Bullets

4. Knife

5. Diamond Ring

6. Foot Print

7. String

8. Ticket Stub

9. Key

10. Matches

Dr. Rick Woodward

organization of the nervous system
Organization of the Nervous System

I. Central Nervous System consists of:

1. Brain

2. Spinal Cord

II. Peripheral Nervous System consists of:

1. Somatic Nervous System

(1) Cranial Nerves: 12 pairs

(2) Spinal Nerves: 31 pairs

2. Autonomic Nervous System

(1) Sympathetic Nervous System

(2) Parasympathetic Nervous System

Dr. Rick Woodward

central nervous system
Central Nervous System

Composed of:

1. The Brain (called the cerebrum)

2. The Spinal Cord

Dr. Rick Woodward

brain gender
Brain Gender

A. Female brain tissue is intrinsically different from male brain tissue.

-2004 Research Study

(p.14, “Why Gender Matters,” Leonard Sax, M.D. Ph.D.)

Dr. Rick Woodward

brain gender hearing
Brain Gender & Hearing

A. Girls hearing is substantially more sensitive than boys, especially in the 1,000-4,000 Hz range, which is important for speech discrimination.

(1) For a 1,500 Hz tone played in the right ear, researchers found that the average girl baby had an acoustic response 80% greater than the response of the average baby boy.

Dr. Rick Woodward

brain gender vision
Brain Gender & Vision

A. Baby Experiment: Mobile versus Faces

(102 babies studied and videotaped)

(1) Male babies were more interested in looking at mobiles (movement: dangled and twisted).

(2) Female babies were more interested in looking at a young woman’s face.

B. Conclusion: The result of this experiment suggests that girls are born pre-wired to be interested in faces while boys are pre-wired to be more interested in moving objects.

Dr. Rick Woodward

peripheral nervous system
PeripheralNervous System

A. Consists of nerves that radiate out from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body.

Dr. Rick Woodward

peripheral nervous system1
Peripheral Nervous System

B. Controls Reflex Actions: Involuntary and usually self-protective movements.

i.e. Touching a hot stove and instinctively you draw your hand away.

Dr. Rick Woodward

the peripheral nervous system
The Peripheral Nervous System

C. Relays the signals of reflexes.

D. Reflexes are involuntary and often protective movements.

(1) The patellar reflex is one of the simplest reflexes in the body.

-The knee jerk reflex

Dr. Rick Woodward

peripheral nervous system spinal reflex
Peripheral Nervous System: Spinal Reflex

E. Involves only neurons in the body and spinal cord.

F. It completely bypasses the brain.

Dr. Rick Woodward

the peripheral nervous system1
The Peripheral Nervous System

G. Composed of:

1. Twelve pairs of cranial nerves

a. Connects the brain with the head and neck.

Dr. Rick Woodward

the peripheral nervous system2
The PeripheralNervous System

H. Composed of:

2. Thirty-one pairs of spinal nerves

a. Connects the central nervous system with the rest of the body.

Dr. Rick Woodward

the peripheral nervous system the autonomic nervous system
The Peripheral Nervous System: The Autonomic Nervous System

i. Is divided into two divisions:

1. Sympathetic Nervous System

2. Parasympathetic Nervous System

Dr. Rick Woodward

the autonomic nervous system
The Autonomic Nervous System

A. Its under involuntary control

B. It controls:

(1) Respiration/Breathing

(2) Heartbeat/Heart Rate

(3) Homeostasis

Dr. Rick Woodward

the autonomic nervous system1
The Autonomic Nervous System

C. Sympathetic Nervous System

(1) “Fight or Flight” response

(2) Controls the stimulation of internal organs during conditions of high stress or increased activity.

i.e. Increased Heart Rate

Dr. Rick Woodward

the sympathetic nervous system
The Sympathetic Nervous System

“Fight or Flight Response”

- In response to emotional stress.

- Redirects blood flow away from the digestive system and toward the heart and skeletal muscles.

Dr. Rick Woodward

the autonomic nervous system2
The Autonomic Nervous System

D. Parasympathetic Nervous System

1. “Rest and Digest” response

2. Controls internal organs during routine conditions.

i.e. Digesting food after a meal

Dr. Rick Woodward

the parasympathetic nervous system
The ParasympatheticNervous System

“Rest and Digest Response”

- Induces the body to conserve energy.

- Blood is usually directed to the digestive tract to aid in digestion.

Dr. Rick Woodward

you and your brain
You and Your Brain

Are you a left brain or right brain person?

A. Left Brain Characteristics:

-Analytical, Logical, Mathematical

B. Right Brain Characteristics:

-Creative & Artistic

Dr. Rick Woodward

the amazing brain
The Amazing Brain
  • Lobes of the Brain and their Functions

Left side of the brain controls the right side of the body and vice versa.

Dr. Rick Woodward

the four lobes of the brain and their functions
The Four Lobes of the Brain and their Functions:

A. Frontal Lobe: Personality, Voluntary Movement, Elaboration of Thought.

Dr. Rick Woodward

the four lobes of the brain and their functions1
The Four Lobes of the Brain and their Functions:

B. Parietal Lobe: Sensory Integration, Receives Sensory Information (pain, temperature)

Dr. Rick Woodward

the four lobes of the brain and their functions2
The Four Lobes of the Brain and their Functions:

C. Temporal Lobe: Auditory (Hearing)

D. Occipital Lobe: Vision

Dr. Rick Woodward

lobes of the brain
Lobes of the Brain

Dr. Rick Woodward

the cerebellum
The Cerebellum

A. Body movement and coordination (involuntary) –not under conscious control

Dr. Rick Woodward

today s video
Today’s Video:

“The Amazing Brain”

Video Question: Can you live with only half of your brain?

Write 10 facts on today’s video.

Next Topic: Memory, Special Areas of the Brain,

The Neuron & Neurotransmitters

Final Topic before Spring Break: Endocrine System