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Today’s Agenda. Lecture and Notes Activities 38 th Parallel Foldable (Korea) Korean Reading Activity. Vocabulary Mao Zedong Cultural Revolution Chiang Kai-shek 38 th Parallel Red Guards Kim Jun Il Vocabulary Matching Activity (SMART Board). Cold War Spreads to Asia.

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today s agenda
Today’s Agenda
  • Lecture and Notes
  • Activities
    • 38th Parallel Foldable (Korea)
    • Korean Reading Activity
  • Vocabulary
    • Mao Zedong
    • Cultural Revolution
    • Chiang Kai-shek
    • 38th Parallel
    • Red Guards
    • Kim Jun Il
  • Vocabulary Matching Activity (SMART Board)
revolution in china
Revolution in China



Nationalist forces led by Chiang Kai-shek

The U.S. sent $2 billion to aid the Nationalists government . However, they misused the money and militarily lost

The U.S. stopped sending the Nationalist money and began supporting the small island of Taiwan

  • Communist forces led by Mao Zedong
  • Captured Beijing and moved southward
  • Mainland China became communist in October 1949
what mao did
What Mao did…
  • Mao took over mainland China and called the nation the People’s Republic of China.
  • Mao practiced a policy of harsh practices to encourage the Chinese to embrace communism
    • Punished, brainwashed, tortured, and killed
  • Mao called his policies a “Cultural Revolution”
  • Used Red Guards to enforce policies
  • China’s economy fell



results of communism
Results of Communism
  • Soviets and China had signed a treaty of alliance
  • Soviets had successfully tested its first atomic weapon
  • The United States only maintained a diplomatic relationship with Taiwan Nationalists
  • Japan had surrendered to the US and General Doulas MacArthur introduced democracy to Japan.
  • Under democracy, Japan’s industrial economy flourished
  • Japan became a key location to defending Asia
the korean war

The Korean War

Mr. Trotman

the korean war1
The Korean War
  • At the end of WWII, the USSR controlled North Korea while the U.S. controlled South Korea. They divided Korea at the 38th parallel.
  • When the U.S./USSR rivalry increased, a communist government was formed in North Korea was established and a democratic government in South Korea.
the korean war2
The Korean War
  • Both governments wanted all of Korea and in June 1950, the Korean War began. The U.S. and UN stepped in to help the South and the Chinese helped the North.
  • A stalemate eventually happened and both Koreas remain divided today.
korean war
Korean War
  • Korea was controlled by Japan from 1910-1945
  • 1945- Korea divided
    • North: supported by Soviets
    • South: supported by the US
  • 1950- North attacked the South. Communists threatened to take over
  • China sent 780,000 troops to support the North
  • Fighting lasted for three years and 33,600 American soldiers died in action
  • Sometimes is called “The Forgotten War”
the korean war3
The Korean War

The Korean War memorial is located in Washington D.C.

korea today
Korea Today
  • This is a satellite map that shows current use of electricity in the Korean Peninsula
  • What assumptions can you make based on the information given?
  • What do you think the two brightest dots in each country represent?