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Agenda for Wed. 11 /18– 30052H. Objectives for Today:. “A Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift Cast Away essay due Monday at beginning of class. Starbucks test on Monday, Nov. 23. Define and identify sarcasm and verbal irony in “A Modest Proposal”.

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objectives for today

Agenda for Wed. 11/18– 30052H

Objectives for Today:

“A Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift

Cast Away essay due Monday at beginning of class.

Starbucks test on Monday, Nov. 23

  • Define and identify sarcasm and verbal irony in “A Modest Proposal”.
  • Define and identify emotional, ethical, and logical appeals in “A Modest Proposal”.
  • Interpret how emotional, ethical, and logical appeals effect persuasion in proposals.

“The cover of this week's New Yorker magazine depicts Obama in one-piece Muslim garb and headdress fist-bumping his booted, Afro-wearing wife Michelle in camo clothes with an AK-47 and ammo-belt slung over her shoulder beneath a portrait of Osama bin-Laden while the American flag burns in the fireplace -- in the presidential Oval Office.It's got everything incendiary except a vest bomb. Which is what should telegraph to most people that it's way over-the-top and, therefore, satire.”—LA Times

Representatives of Obama and McCain both denounced the cover as “tasteless and offensive.”
  • Eugene Kane, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel site: "I actually understand what satire means but I'm guessing there are plenty of Americans who won't have a clue what the magazine cover is trying to say."
  • A literary work which attacks human vices, follies, shortcomings, or stupidity through ridicule, derision, irony, sarcasm, wit, & scathing humor.
Satire often ridicules a target in an attempt to bring about improvement, i.e. shaming it into reform.
targets of satire
Targets of Satire
  • a person or a group of people
  • an idea or an attitude
  • society and its institutions
  • a social practice
  • a place (city, state, or nation)
targets of a modest proposal
Targets of “A Modest Proposal”
  • English People
  • Catholics
  • Irish People
  • Landlords
  • Americans
means of satire
Means of Satire
  • Art
  • Music
  • Poetry, prose
  • Drama, film
  • Cartoons, comic strips
  • Commentary
tools of satire
Tools of Satire
  • Verbal irony—words of praise which convey criticism and words of criticism which convey praise
Sarcasm—a type of verbal irony often in the form of a remark in which the literal meaning is complimentary, but the actual meaning is critical.
anatomy of a proposal
Anatomy of a Proposal
  • Proposal: the act of offering or suggesting something for acceptance, adoption, or performance.
    • Three literary tools used in proposals
      • Emotional Appeals
      • Ethical Appeals
      • Logical Appeals
emotional appeals
Emotional Appeals
  • Passages that use words that arouse strong feelings
    • Emotional examples
    • Vivid descriptions
    • Narratives of emotional events
    • Emotional tone
    • Figurative language
dr martin luther king s letter from birmingham jail
Dr. Martin Luther King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”
  • I guess it is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say, 'Wait.' But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate filled policemen curse, kick, brutalize and even kill your black brothers and sisters with impunity; … when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six-year-old daughter why she can't go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television, and see tears welling up in her eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see the depressing clouds of inferiority begin to form in her little mental sky, and see her begin to distort her little personality by unconsciously developing a bitterness toward white people; … when you are humiliated day in and day out by nagging signs reading 'white' and 'colored'; … when you are forever fighting a degenerating sense of 'nobodiness'; then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait."
ethical appeals
Ethical Appeals
  • Passages that establish the writer’s qualifications and sincerity
  • Demonstrates author's reliability, competence, and respect for the audience's ideas and values through reliable and appropriate use of support and general accuracy
logical appeals
Logical Appeals
  • Passages that use evidence such as facts or statistics to support a position
    • Theoretical, abstract  language Denotative meanings/reasons
    • Literal and historical analogies
    • Definitions
    • Factual data and statistics
    • Quotations
    • Citations from experts and authorities
    • Informed opinions
"Buy this set of encyclopedias because it has been voted “Best on the Market” for seven years in a row, at an excellent price, contains over 400,000 interesting facts, and is updated annually."
examples of satire
Examples of Satire
  • Saturday Night Live’s Weekend Update—satirizes TV news and criticizes human flaws and vices related to politics, entertainment, and current events.
scary movie
Scary Movie
  • Satirizes horror

movies by exaggerating the techniques used to scare audiences.

austin powers
Austin Powers
  • Satirizes 1960’s spy movies. Tackles sexism toward women and ridicules escapes by the spy and stupidity of the evil villain.
political cartoons
Political Cartoons
  • Satirize politicians and political issues by criticizing policy decisions and personality traits of elected officials.
this is spinal tap
This is Spinal Tap
  • Satirizes rockumentaries and the excess of modern musicians.
weird al s songs
Weird Al’s Songs
  • Satirizes musicians & music videos by commenting on the excess of modern musicians as well as simplicity and immaturity of the lyrics.
animal farm
Animal Farm
  • Satirizes Communist Russia
split into expert groups
Split into ‘Expert’ Groups
  • Number off into Five groups.
  • Sarcasm, Verbal Irony, Emotional Appeal, Ethical Appeal, and Logical Appeal.
  • Take time in your groups to:
    • Come up with a group definition of your literary terms.
    • Find three examples in Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” of your literary terms. (Note the page and paragraph of example.)
expert groups
‘Expert’ Groups
  • Now that you’ve defined your literary terms in your own words and found two examples, come up with a way to teach your findings to your home groups.
  • **The key is to make it memorable and creative. You could write a poem, draw a picture, sing a song, etc.
time to teach what you learned
Time to teach what you learned.
  • Tools
    • Verbal Irony Experts
    • Sarcasm Experts
    • Emotional Appeal Experts
    • Ethical Appeal Experts
    • Logical Appeal Experts
  • **If you can teach something that means you know it.**
review objectives
Review Objectives
  • Define and identify sarcasm and verbal irony in “A Modest Proposal”.
  • Define and identify emotional, ethical, and logical appeals in “A Modest Proposal”.
  • Interpret how emotional, ethical, and logical appeals affect persuasion in proposals.