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LINGUISTICS: A WAY TO UNDERSTAND AND REPRESENT REALITY. From Modernism to Postmodernism. WHAT IS LINGUISTICS?. It is the science of language The linguistic analysis can be arranged into four parts : p honology morphology. Research tools. Working method. Improvement. syntax semantic.

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what is linguistics
WHAT IS LINGUISTICS?

Itis the scienceoflanguage

The linguisticanalysis can bearrangedintofourparts:

  • phonology
  • morphology

Researchtools

Workingmethod

Improvement

  • syntax
  • semantic
some philosophers
SOME PHILOSOPHERS

Ferdinand de Saussure (1857 – 1913)

  • Theoryofsynchroniclanguage
  • Meaningbuiltthroughdifference and binarypairs
  • Conceptsoflangue and parole
  • Michel Foucault (1926 – 1984)
  • Analysisof the discourse’s function
  • Discourseas a powertool
some philosophers1
SOME PHILOSOPHERS

Jacques Derrida (1930 – 2004)

“Deconstruction”

  • No definitive link betweensignifier

and signifiedinstabilityofmeaning

  • Textsasproductsofintertextuality
  • Meaningbuiltthroughdifference and binarypairs
materialistic semiotics
MATERIALISTIC SEMIOTICS
  • Theoreticalapproachestosigns production and communication

Studyingof the influencesbetweensignsystems and socioeconomicsystems

  • Inspiredby Karl Marx’s philosophy

Tomakeexplicit

the relationshipbetween

text and context

semioticians
SEMIOTICIANS

ValentinVoloshinov (1895 – 1936)

  • Signsas the siteswheresubjects (psyche) and object (social word) intersect
  • Signsusedtopromoteideologies
  • No connection betweenlanguagecommunities and classcategories
  • GyörgyLukács (1885 – 1971)
  • Languageasmeanofclassrule
  • Connection betweenlanguagecommunities and classcategories
  • Destructionof the subject – objecttotalityofanhumanized word becauseofCapitalism
  • Alienationof the low class
why did linguistics develop during modernism and postmodernism
WHY DID LINGUISTICS DEVELOP DURING MODERNISM AND POSTMODERNISM?

Becauseof:

  • The crisisofvaluesduring the ModernAge

Necessityofunderstanding and representing the world and reality in alltheiraspects

the crisis of values
THE CRISIS OF VALUES
  • Theoryofevolutionby Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882)
  • Theoryofrelativityby Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955)
the crisis of values1
THE CRISIS OF VALUES
  • The deathofmetaphisysic: Godis deadby Friedrich Nietzsche (1844 – 1900)
  • The conceptofunconsciousby Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939)
to understand and represent reality
TO UNDERSTAND AND REPRESENT REALITY

Itisdifficulttounderstand and representallaspects’ reality

Linguisticsisarrangedintodifferentfields:

  • synchroniclinguistics
  • diachroniclinguistics
  • theoreticallinguistics
  • appliedlinguistics
  • historicallinguistics

Everyfieldexplains a specificaspectof reality

  • comparative linguistics
  • psycholinguistics
  • sociolinguistics
  • stylistics
slide11

WORK BY:

Iaccarino Luca

Selvazzo Enrico

Class V A

SchoolYear 2012 - 2013