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  1. You need your text book, workbook, pencil and journal. Lesson 13 Day 1

  2. Phonics and Spelling cap cap What sound does the c stand for in this word? rug rug What sound does the g stand for in this word? Turn in your Reading books to page 366. The letter c usually stands for the /k/ sound, but when it is followed by e or i, it usually stands for /s/. This sound is sometimes called the soft sound of c. The letter g usually stands for /g/, but when it is followed by e or i, it stands for /j/. This is called the soft sound of g. dge edge The pattern dge also stands for /j/.

  3. Phonics and Spelling

  4. Phonics and Spelling

  5. Phonics and Spelling Use the passage on page 367 to complete this chart.

  6. Phonics and Spelling

  7. Spelling Pretest 1. ice 2. age 3. rice 4. edge 5. stage 6. giant 7. range 8. judge 9. ledge 10. police 11. recent 12. bridge 13. office 14. strange 15. central

  8. Author’s Purpose • When authors write stories, articles, or books, they usually write with a purpose in mind. Sometimes, authors have more than one purpose. • For example, a fiction writer usually hopes to entertain readers with a good story. However, that writer might also have a message to communicate to readers, such as informing readers about new information or persuading readers to agree with an opinion she or he has. • As I read a fiction story, I pay attention to what charcters say or how the author describes the setting. These things give me a clue about what the author is trying to do other than entertain me. • Think of the story we read, “A Pen Pal for Max.” • One of the purposes of that story was to entertain us. What was the other purpose of the story?

  9. Listening Comprehension I am going to read a fictional story about a woman who finds a money tree growing in her yard. What would life be like if money suddenly began to grow on trees? There are many purposes for listening. When you listen to fiction, you should listen to enjoy it.

  10. Listening Comprehension As I read the beginning of “The Money Tree,” I realize that something strange is happening in Miss McGillicuddy’s yard. From this, I get the idea that the events happening are probably not real. A tree takes years to grow big. I think this is a made-up, or fiction story. Remember that authors want to entertain their readers, but they might also want to inform readers about a subject or persuade them about an idea that the authors have. Fiction can be realistic, which is like real life, or fantastic, which is not like real life. Was this story a fantasy or reality? Explain your answer.

  11. Robust Vocabulary Miss McGillicudy tugged at her kite to get it out of the tree. If you have tugged something, you pulled it hard. Would you tug a wagon or ball? Miss McGillicudy paused for a moment while gardening. If you paused, you stopped what you were doing for just a moment. Would you pause to invite someone to join in your game or to score a goal?

  12. Robust Vocabulary • A scavenger lives on material from trees. • An animal is a scavenger if it collects leftover and unwanted objects. • My mother calls me a scavenger because I bring home left-over paper from art class. When have you been a scavenger? • In many forests, the trees and animals are self-sufficient and can care for themselves. • If something is self-sufficient, it makes everything it needs. • Most young people are not self-sufficient, and they need adults to provide them with food and shelter. In what ways are you self-sufficient?

  13. Grammar • View slideshow on Pronouns

  14. Pronouns

  15. Personal Pronouns A pronoun is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns. The most frequently used pronouns are called personal pronouns. They refer to people or things.

  16. Subject Pronouns A subject pronoun is used as the subject of a sentence. She is my best friend. It is my dog. Does he know the answer? You and I will meet later.

  17. Object Pronouns An object pronoun is used as the direct/indirect object or the object of a preposition. Give the book to me. The teacher gave her a reprimand. I will tell you a story. Susan read it to them.

  18. List of Personal Pronouns Singular Plural I we you you he, she, it they Subject Pronouns me us you you him, her, it them Object Pronouns

  19. Grammar: Subject and Plural Pronouns The subject of a sentence is who or what performs the action in the sentence. Amal and Louie ran to the store. They ran to the store. Amal and Louie is the subject of the first sentence. In the second sentence, those words are replaced by the subject pronoun They. Not all kinds of pronouns can be used as the subject of a sentence.

  20. Grammar • I, you, he, she, it, we, they are all subject pronouns • Can you find the subject pronoun in each sentence? • Do you know Tami Rodriguez? • You – subject pronoun • I read two books last month. • I – subject pronoun • We all went to visit her. • We – subject pronoun • He disagreed with Cami. • He – subject pronoun • “Yes, it is exciting,” Matt answered. • it – subject pronoun • They always go to Miami for vacation. • They – subject pronoun

  21. Writing: Explanation An explanation….. Gives facts and details about a topic Explains what or how Sentences in an explanation flow smoothly.

  22. Writing: Student Model: Explanation It is easy to enjoy fresh vegetables from your own garden. First, you need a plot of ground. Clear the ground of weeds, dig the soil, and then rake it smooth. Choose the vegetables you would like to grow, and then buy seeds. Plant the seeds in a row and cover them with soil. Then water them gently. Keep the soil moist and hope the sun shines. In a few days, you will see tiny green shoots. Care for your plants by keeping them watered. Pull out some plants so the ones left are not crowded. In a few weeks, you will enjoy fresh vegetables picked from your own garden! Notice that the sentences in the explanation flow smoothly. Several sentences use subject pronouns. All the sentences are about the topic of planting a vegetable garden.

  23. Writing: Explanation Think of a fact you knew before reading the paragraph and write it under the What I Know column. What is something that you learned after reading the paragraph? Write your answer under the What I Learned column.