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Introduction to Biotechnology & Bioethics. Unit 1. The DNA Revolution. 20 th Century with Mike Wallace, The History Channel.

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the dna revolution
The DNA Revolution

20th Century with Mike Wallace, The History Channel

slide3

Ethics seeks to determine what a person should do, or the best course of action, and provides reasons why.Ethics also helps people decide how to behave and treat one another, and what kinds of communities would be good to live in.

what are bioethics
What Are Bioethics?
  • Morals – conviction or justifiable position based on whether something is right or wrong
  • Ethics – study of moral standards & how they affect conduct
  • Bio - living organisms
  • Bioethics - knowing right from wrong with living organisms, and then doing the right thing
why study bioethics
Why study Bioethics?
  • Advance your science understanding.
  • Prepare you to make thoughtful, informed decisions.
  • Promote respectful dialogue among people with diverse views.
  • Cultivate critical-reasoning skills.

*We are NOT trying to reach a “right answer” or even to agree as a group. The goal is to justify (with facts) why you made a decision.*

how do we go about examining bioethical issues
How do we go about examining bioethical issues?
  • What is the ethical question raised by this issue?
  • What are the relevant facts?
  • Who or what will be affected by the outcome?
  • What are the ethical considerations? (3)
    • Respect for Persons
    • Harms & Benefits
    • Fairness
what is an ethical question
What is an ethical question?
  • Ethical vs. Scientific
    • Scientists explain what is and ethicists determine what should be
  • Ethical vs. Legal
    • Something can be illegal, yet ethical or even legal and unethical
  • Ethical vs. Personal Preference, Custom, or Habit
    • To distinguish, in an ethical question something important is at stake – someone may be harmed or something is unfair
relevant facts
Relevant Facts
  • Back-story related to this case.
  • These are the scientific answers to how things work.
  • Laws (just because its legal, doesn’t mean its ethical)
  • Past precedent.
who will be affected by this decision
Who will be affected by this decision?
  • List any and all parties that MIGHT be affected, it’s never just one person…
    • Self
    • Family
    • Peers
    • Teammates/co-workers
    • Competitors (other team, other companies, other families)
    • Community members
    • Organizations they belong to
    • Companies/employers
ethical considerations

Ethical Considerations

Respect for Persons

Harms & Benefits

Fairness

*Other

respect for persons
Respect for Persons
  • Honors the fact that a person can make their own choices & judgments.
  • Is anyone being harmed? Who?
  • Choose one of the following statements to describe your position:
    • Choices about your own body should be respected, no matter who else is affected.
    • Choices about your own body should be respected, as long as no one else is harmed.
    • Choices about your own body should be respected, but you should not be allowed to make any that harm yourself.
harms benefits
Harms & Benefits
  • Minimizing Harms while Maximizing Benefits
  • Refer back to your original question…
    • If you say “yes”, it is ok…
      • Then list the good results:
      • Then list the bad results:
    • If you say “no”, it is not ok…
      • Then list the good results:
      • Then list the bad results:
  • Look at the big picture, which decision results in the most positives and least negatives?
fairness
Fairness
  • This ensures that harms, benefits, resources, and costs are distributed equally.
    • Is sharinginvolved?
    • Does this put anyone at a disadvantage?
    • Try to complete one of these sentences…
      • It IS fair to do this because…
      • It is NOT fair to do this because…
other considerations
*Other Considerations
  • Responsibility to others (people, animals, community)
  • Current laws
    • or past legal decisions
  • Authenticity
    • is it genuine or real?
    • Aka the spirit of competition!
  • Values & Traditions
  • Culture