Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent

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  1. Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent

  2. The Fertile Crescent

  3. The Fertile Crescent • An area of fertile land in Western Asia and North Africa • Mesopotamia: “The Land Between the Rivers” • Tigris River and the Euphrates River

  4. Life in Mesopotamia • Basic government run by CITY-STATES: cities that have political and economic control over surrounding area • Cities were centered around the ziggurat, a massive stepped tower that served as the temple • Mesopotamia is a THEOCRACY: a government ruled by divine authority or God

  5. Great Ziggurat of Ur

  6. Religion in Mesopotamia • Mesopotamians were POLYTHEISTIC: they believed in many gods • Scribes developed one of the earliest systems of writing called cuneiform: a system of wedge-shaped markings • Scribes also developed a system of mathematics based on the number 60

  7. Cuneiform Tablets