eighth and ninth five year plan
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EIGHTH AND NINTH FIVE YEAR PLAN

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EIGHTH AND NINTH FIVE YEAR PLAN. EIGHTH FIVE YEAR PLAN(1992-97 ).

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eighth five year plan 1992 97
EIGHTH FIVE YEAR PLAN(1992-97)
  • The planning commission formulated the document detailing the ‘ Objectives, thrust and macro dimensions’ of the Eighth plan which was accepted in july 1992. the entire frame work was designed in view of our relations with changing economic scenario of the world. The eighth plan which was to commence from 1990-1991, could not keep the schedule on account of political changes in years 1990-91 and 1991-92. the plan commence on 1stApril 1992.
features of eigth five year plan
FEATURES OF EIGTH FIVE YEAR PLAN
  • Human Development
  • Cooperation by the people
  • Performance strategy
  • Growth of infrastructure
  • Special attention to rural employment
  • Flexible land
  • Correcting fiscal imbalances
  • Integrative plan
objectives of eighth plan
OBJECTIVES OF EIGHTH PLAN
  • Generating adequate employment to achieve near full employment level by the turn of the century.
  • Complete eradication of illiteracy among the people in the age group 15-35 years
  • Provision of safe drinking water and primary health facilities including immunisation for all villages and entire population and complete elimination of scavenging.
  • growth of agriculture to achieve self sufficiency in food and generate surpluses for exports.
  • Strengthening the infrastructure in order to support the growth processes.
ninth five year plan 1997 2002
NINTH FIVE YEAR PLAN(1997-2002)
  • This plan has been launched in the 50th year of the independence of our country. The principal task of this plan will be to usher in a new era of people-oriented planning in which not only govts at the centre & the states but the people at large, particularly the poor, can fully participate.
objectives of ninth five year plan
OBJECTIVES OF NINTH FIVE YEAR PLAN
  • Priority to agriculture & rural development with a view to generate adequate employment, productivity & eradication of poverty.
  • Providing basic min. services of safe drinking water, primary health care facilities to all.
  • Ensuring food & nutritional security for all.
  • Accelerating the growth rate of the economy with stable prices.
  • Containing the growth rate of population.
  • Ensuring environmental sustainability of the development process through participation of people at all levels
features of ninth five year plan
FEATURES OF NINTH FIVE YEAR PLAN
  • Proper co-ordination
  • Balanced development
  • To reduce disparities
  • Investment planning
  • Long term fiscal policy
  • Foreign trade & investment policies
achievements of ninth five year plan
ACHIEVEMENTS OF NINTH FIVE YEAR PLAN

Achievable growth target : In view of the difficult economic situation prevailing in the country national development council lowered the growth rate in feb1999 to 6.5% as against 7% growth rate suggested in approach paper to ninth plan in 1997.

Liberty to state govts to decide size of plan : The states now have the freedom to determine the size of their plan. Earlier than the ninth plan states used to propose the specific size of their plan to planning commission. Under the new procedure now first of all the planning commission, after consulting the union ministry of finance, will indicate the state govts the expected assistance from the centre available to states. Then the state govs would plan accordingly, keeping in view the central assistance.

slide13
Federal in nature : New feature of ninth plan has been incorporating in to it the federal nature of India’s polity. Besides giving freedom to states about size of their plans, the provision has been made for states to allocate resources as among sectors & sub sectors as well.
  • Re-orientation of plan priorities : The due importance has been given to the development of infrastructure by allocating about 72% of plan funds to irrigation, energy, transport & communications & social services.
  • Market oriented policy making : The fixing of targets in details for several activities is no longer done now as it used to be done once. Nor is planning commission concerned much with what to produce, when to produce & how to produce. Market will decide on its own these problems of allocation on the basis of price, cost & profits
slide14
Clear cut role for public sector : Private sector has been assigned a more crucial & wider role besides clearly recognising the area of state intervention in economic & social infrastructure.
  • Well chosen objective of improvement in standards of living : Eradication of poverty & provision of basic min. services such as foods will also improve standard of living of people.
  • Employment : The objectives in ninth plan aim at improvement in employment situation by increasing production employment along with growth in general. Ninth plan has also provided for education & training for skill formation so as to enhance workers capabilities.
drawbacks of ninth five year plan
DRAWBACKS OF NINTH FIVE YEAR PLAN
  • Contradictory: There are contradictory policies being persuaded by the govt. vis-à-vis public sector. On one hand, the govt. continues a programme of disinvestment of highly profitable public sector undertakings. On the other hand conceding larger pay packets to public sector enterprises employees is bound to erode the extra-budgetry resources of public sector enterprises.
  • Non-plan expenditures : 48% of the central plan & 72% of the states plan are to be funded by borrowings & miscellaneous capital receipts. This is likely to impose heavy int. burden which will jack up non-plan expenditures.
slide16
Problem in decentralisation: Decentralized planning may not be up to a satisfactory level. Financial resources have yet to be alloted in many cases. Co-operatives, another institution for decentralised planning still funtion as a department of the govt. & not people’s institution.
  • Difficulties of implementation : The positions of the public sector, private sector & the market are in a state of flux. As a result, the initiation of new projects gets delayed. Also there is a mess of the rules & regulations, with controls still existing in certain lines.
  • Silent on price policy : Ninth plan is just silent on price policy & has not outlined a framework for controlling prices which is the main cause of increasing administrative costs & other govt. expenditures.
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