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The Future of Mobility in Higher Education. Allen Clingerman Enterprise Business Development Manager Mobile 727-742-0201. MID – Natural Evolution, Not Revolution. Traditional Notebooks. Smart Phones. Mobile Internet Devices Full Internet Social Networking

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the future of mobility in higher education
The Future of Mobility in Higher Education

Allen Clingerman

Enterprise Business Development Manager

Mobile 727-742-0201

mid natural evolution not revolution
MID – Natural Evolution, Not Revolution

Traditional Notebooks

Smart Phones

Mobile Internet Devices

Full Internet

Social Networking

Personal Media Player

Web applications


eReaders (Kindle & Sony)


Intermittent usage

Hours of Use

Higher Cost

Limited suppliers

Platform/lock step

Mature 120M 5% CAGR


Battery Life

SoC Cost


Always on

Days of Use

Lowest Cost

Multiple suppliers/competition


High 150M 40% CAGR

what is the intel atom processor

Intel’s Smallest processor; built for SMALL, Featherweight, simple, affordable internet access and basic functionality devices

1.6Ghz & 1.66Ghz Single core processor (Dual Core coming..)

Intel High Definition Audio

Integrated GMA 950 graphics core

PCI Express bus for high speed

Standard DDR2 memory support

What is the Intel ATOM processor?
other new industry terminology
Other new industry terminology…
  • Nettop
    • MID Desktop Internet platform
    • Low Power – Energy Star, EPEAT
    • Low Cost (entry starting at $269 currently)
    • Traditional HDD
    • No optical (in todays platforms)
  • Netbook
    • MID Mobile laptop Internet platform
    • Low Power – Energy Star, EPEAT
    • Low Cost (entry starting at $299 currently)
    • SSD or traditional HDD
    • Optical drives starting to appear in higher end Netbook segment
nvidia ion discrete video performance for intel atom and via nano
Nvidia ION – discrete video performance for Intel Atom and Via Nano
  • Intel Atom gets Accelerated! Lower power!
  • Gibabit Ethernet with First Packet technology
  • 6 SATA drive support
  • 1x16 PCI Express 2.0 support
  • Nvidia GeForce 9400 MGPU featuring
    • DirectX 10 support
    • Hybrid SLI
    • Nvidia CUDA
    • PhysX
    • PureVideo HD
what is the new intel ulv pentium processor

Intel’s Newest Ultra Low Voltage processor (SU2700); built for Ultra-Thin systems at mainstream price points (under $1000)

1.3Ghz Single core processor, 2Mb L2, 45nm technology

Intel High Definition Audio

Integrated GMA 4500M graphics core

DDR2 or DDR3 memory support

What is the new Intel ULV Pentium processor?
why another category of notebooks
Why ANOTHER category of Notebooks?
  • Create a new vector of products in the mobile category
  • Provide a FULL PC experience with the flexibility of mobility
  • Sleek, thinner and lighter devices
  • Multi-tasking performance & rich internet experience

  • Create a new vector of products in the mobile category
  • Provide a FULL PC experience with the flexibility of mobility
  • Sleek, thinner and lighter devices
  • Multi-tasking performance & rich internet experience
  • Create videos, edit photos, burn CD&DVD
  • Quiet cooling solutions
  • Lower overall platform power for improved battery life
mobile device operating systems
Mobile Device Operating Systems
  • Windows XP Home/Professional/XPe
  • Traditional Linux Distributions
  • Intel Moblin Project
  • Google Android
  • Ubuntu Netbook Remix
  • Windows 7 Starter
  • gOS
  • Cloud based Operating System
  • Mac OS X
cloud computing
Cloud Computing
  • A definition refers to any situation in which computing is done in a remote location (out in the clouds), rather than on your desktop or portable device.
  • You tap into that computing power over an Internet connection.

"The cloud is a smart, complex, powerful computing system in the sky that people can just plug into."

Web browser pioneer Marc Andreessen


cloud structure
Cloud Structure

Cloud Benefits:

  • Cloud = Less Investment

(not own data center, hardware; use outside provider of servers, storage, and bandwidth)

  • Cloud = Scale

(tens of thousands of server computers)

  • Cloud = Flexible and Efficiency


cloud operating systems
Cloud Operating Systems
  • Work completely online – personally OR collaboratively
  • Provide basic OS functionality
  • Centrally manage OS “images”
  • Public or Private cloud services
  • Enable lower cost computing elements (lower cost netbooks)
  • Various Fee and free offerings
intel my wifi technology sync share show
Intel My WiFi Technology – Sync, Share, Show
  • Sync Wi-Fi enabled devlices like media players or digital cameras
  • Share content among your Wi-Fi devices anywhere
  • Show content from one Wi-Fi enabled device on another Wi-Fi device. Ex. Show a streaming video from the Internet on an HDTV
  • Print directly to a Wi-Fi enabled printer
  • My WiFi technology lets your Wi-Fi enabled CE devices connect directly and securely to your notebook without having to go through a Wi-Fi network access point. Your Intel Centrino 2 processor technology based notebook is your own portable Wi-Fi network.
  • Intel My WiFi technology inherits the same mature security capabilities of conventional Wi-Fi (i.e. WPA, WPA2, etc)
  • Intel WiFi Link 5100 or Intel Ultimate N WiFi Link 5300 required – Windows Vista & Win 7
wimax extending wimax to mobility 802 16e

Desktop + Notebook

Outdoor & Indoor

Modems + WiFi

WiMAX – Extending WiMAX to Mobility 802.16e

Full range of

Mobile Devices



Full Mobile



+ Integration



Nomadic WiMAX

’07 – ‘08

Fixed WiMAX ‘06

Mobile WiMAX

’08 – ‘09

securing and managing the mobile device
Securing and Managing the Mobile device
  • TPM is the foundation– first shipped in 1999, 20+ million shipped to-date
  • Intel vPro can be an additional malware and manageability
  • TPM is integrating with mainstream applications: Adobe Acrobat, Checkpoint VPN, Cisco VPN, Verisign Personal Trust Agent, Utimaco, Absolute Software, etc.
  • Integrated Biometric Security measures – FPR, Facial Recognition
  • Integration of Biometric fingerprint AND TPM
  • Computrace Agent in BIOS for AssetTrack and Theft recovery
  • Systems Management via Internet Gateway
  • Device Management, NAC and HIPS
licensing requirements considerations
Licensing requirements/considerations
  • Desktop Management suite – licensed per seat ~$35-$50
  • Antivirus/Spam/Spyware/UTM - ~$35-$50
  • Can add Intel vPro for ~$20
  • Windows Server CAL - ~$35
  • OS usually licensed per OEM
  • OS usually licensed per OEM
  • Antivirus/Spam/Spyware/UTM
  • Windows Server CAL
  • Terminal Services
  • Windows 2008, Terminal Server license
  • Windows Terminal Server CAL
  • Windows Server CAL
  • OS Licenses
  • Citrix XenApp Server license
  • Citrix XenApp Concurrent CAL
  • Additional Xen Application features
  • Additional Thin Client SW Stack – RDX, etc.
  • Hardware Virtualized:
  • Windows 2008, Terminal Server license
  • Windows Terminal Server CAL per client
  • Windows Server CAL
  • Software Virtualized:
  • VMWare ESX Server (or Ent)
  • VMWare View 3 addon
  • Basic OS usually licensed per OEM
  • Must move to Vista Enterprise Centralized desktop & SA in MS Agreement OR VECD subscription on Thin client
  • Streaming OS and Applications
  • Wyse Streaming Manager
  • Wyse Streaming Imaging Device
  • Windows Server CAL
  • OS Licenses
typical terminal services citrix implementation
Typical Terminal Services/Citrix Implementation


WindowsTerminalsand NCs


WinFrame & MetaFrameServer Farms


Wireless Terminals and Information Appliances


what is a multi user os environment
What is a “Multi User” OS Environment?
  • Hardware/Software stack that runs applications on a remote server, not on a local desktop.
  • Key strokes and mouse click are sent over network to the server to process and give back the result…… thus sometimes referred to as “screen-casting”
  • Clients can be a low powered PC or a Thin client device.
  • Thin Clients typically don’t have HDD, FDD, CDROMS, Cooling Fans. Most have Low Processing Power.
what is a thin client how does it work
What is a Thin Client? How does it work?
  • Small User device about 1/3 Size Of PC.
  • Can Support Windows CE, XP Embedded, Thin OS’s (i.e. ThinConnect) and Linux Environments.
  • Some are configured with NO local OS.
  • Can Be Configured On As Low As 16Mb Of RAM.
  • Same Feel As Working On a Windows Based OS – basic Windows fidelity.
  • Remote Computation….Server Takes Care Of All The Processing.
  • Works On either Citrix`s ICA (Independent Computing Architecture), Sun’s ALP (Appliance Link Protocol) Or Microsoft's RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol) Protocols (Both Require Only 20Kbps Speed Over Network To Work).
  • User Logs Onto The Server Via Web Portal And A Familiar Windows Base Environment is Replicated to Users Screens With Access To Application, Internet, Mail, Drives, Printers, Etc.
thin clients general overview
Thin Clients – General Overview
  • Sun Microsystems – SunRay 2 (All based on Sun Ray OS)

Range from $349.00 to $799.00 depending on configuration

  • HP 5000 Series– (OS Choice: HP ThinConnect, ThinPro, Xpe or CE6) Range from $249.00 to $600.00 depending on configuration
  • Wyse S, V, R, G series (OS Choice: Linux, Xpe, CE6, Zero – WSM)

Range from $250.00 to $1200.00

client hardware virtualization share excess computing resources among multiple users

Capacity of the average CPU is under-utilized (using less than 10%!)

< CPU meter >

Client Hardware VirtualizationShare excess computing resources among multiple users!

Turn 1 PC to up 30 Virtual PCs

ncomputing technology enables desktop virtualization
NComputing Technology Enables Desktop Virtualization




NComputing vSpace Software runs on standard Windows or Linux host computer

NComputing Access Terminals are slim, silent, efficient, and very low cost

NComputing User Extension Protocol (UXP) delivers a secure, multi-media interface

hardware product line overview
Hardware Product Line Overview

X-Series: Direct Connection

  • Lowest Cost
  • Full multimedia
  • Host in same room (10m)
  • 1 watt per user
  • X550: Up to 11 users per host
  • X300: Up to 7 users per host

L-Series: Ethernet Connection

  • Most Flexible
  • Highest # of users per host
  • Ethernet = no distance limits
  • 5 watts per user
  • Up to 30 users per host computer
x series configuration
X Series Configuration

Ideal environments: K-12

Note: Four users can share a PC running with one X300 kit. Seven users can share with two X300 kits.

l series deployment architecture
L Series Deployment Architecture

Ideal Environments: Some Higher Ed computer labs

Connects over the LAN or WAN at any distance using an IP address

  • Why buy an access terminal vs. another PC
  • Saves Hardware cost (less expensive than a thin client and easier to deploy).
  • Reduces IT Maintenance
  • Promotes central storage networks to increase data security
  • Reduces Power consumption and saves energy
  • Essentially, never obsolete and easy to upgrade
  • Eliminate any down time by having multiple host PC’s

Note: Up to 30 users can share if the host hardware is a server running a server OS

(i.e. Terminal Server 2008).

sample hardware virtualized environment
Sample Hardware Virtualized environment

In this example, just four host PCs are needed for a lab with 24 students!

Student is playing a game in class

During Class Time,

Playing a game

NControl can monitor student sessions, send warnings, and even close the game window

Send a warning message to

a student and close an game

window by using NControl

Only 1 network cable drop

feeds 7 students --

dramatically reducing

wiring costs/time

  • Access Terminal at student:
  • Powered by the Ethernet cable, so

no additional electrical needed

  • Generates no heat, hence no

HVAC retrofits required

the components of a software virtual client solution
The Components of a Software Virtual Client Solution

Corporate Office or Disaster Recovery Center

Thin client desktops or laptops

Unmanaged PCs

Outsourced or Branch Office PCs

Connection Broker

Developer desktops

DevonIT 6020 or Safebook

Wyse S10

Neoware c50

Desktop clients run on pool of centralized servers using VMware software with Connection Broker

software client virtualization the building blocks
Software Client virtualization - The Building Blocks

Virtual Client Solutions @ GovConnection, Inc.


Operating Systems



Thin Clients

Remote Access Protocol


User Management

(Connection Brokering / Session Management)

Systems Integration Services

Virtual Desktop Server

Server hardware & Storage

alternative desktop current market offerings
Alternative Desktop – Current Market Offerings


Citrix ICA, MS RDP

Blade Server Farm

Server/DT Blade

Scalable and high availability

Windows experience for low graphics application

Potential lowest cost, but limited function

PC like device with local processor power

Display device w/

remote processing

Display device running VMWare VDI


Thin Client

Server/DT Blades

secure managed client smc
Secure Managed Client (SMC)

Lenovo Storage Array (LSA)

Built on iSCSI SAN

Tuned for SMC

Available in Rack

Workgroup LSA planned for 1H09

Evaluating future LSA Appliance

SMC Client


Initially desktop w/o HDD

Future - optimized design

Total solution is “green”

  • Software Stack
    • Management console
    • Connection Manager
    • SAN Provisioning
alternative desktop segmentation and positioning
Alternative Desktop Segmentation and Positioning

Task & Data

Entry Worker



Power user &

Technical Worker


Secure Managed Client


Windows PC Fidelity

Thin Clients

# of users


Business Functions



our range of capabilities
Our range of capabilities
  • Maintain
  • Warranty Support Contracts

- In/Out/Post

  • Custom Support Services
  • Security Programs
  • Help Desk
  • Repair & Parts Services
  • Asset Recovery & Disposal
  • Plan
  • Pre Sales support
  • Technical Documentation
  • Statement of Work Generation
  • RFP response
  • Assessments
  • Data Center Walk through
  • Implementation Consulting
  • Configuration Support
  • Migration Consulting
  • Install & Implement
  • Project management
  • Hardware & Total Solution Staging
  • Application Testing in Lab
  • Host equipment acceptance
  • Transportation Services
  • Installation Services
  • Technical Documentation
  • Data Center Moves
  • Citrix Installs & Support
  • SAN Installs
  • User and Network Adds, Moves & Changes
  • Design
  • Network and Security Storage
  • Disaster Recovery Plan
  • High Availability
  • Co-location
  • Data Center expansions
  • HVAC and power
  • Assessments
  • Staff Augmentation
  • Supply
  • Custom Configuration of Desktops, Laptops
  • Server, Storage, Network Equipment in Configuration Center
  • Complete Rack mount and cabinet Configuration
bringing it all together educational applications what does the future bring
Bringing it all together – Educational applications – What does the future bring?

Incorporating all of these technologies together

  • Facial recognition (biometrics)
  • Speech recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • New teaching and learning environments & applications

Recent Sample application integrating these together

Microsoft Project Natal


Terminal Services, Application and OS streaming, Thin Client & Software Virtualization

Solution Cost

Managed Desktop & Application Virtualization & SMC

Hardware Virtualization

Standard Unmanaged Desktop

Solution Complexity