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FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS
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  1. FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS SOURCE: ICAO INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION

  2. ICAO • Chicago Convention, December 1944 • Contracting States Established Standards for ALL to Follow for International Recognition • MINIMUM STANDARDS of SAFETY

  3. ICAO STANDARDS • ICAO ANNEX 6 • Operation of Aircraft • ICAO ANNEX 8 • Airworthiness of Aircraft • ICAO Documents 9642-Continuing Airworthiness Manual • Doc. 9389-A/W Organization Procedures

  4. REGULATIONS • A country may develop its own regulations using the ICAO Annexes as a minimum standard, or adopt another country’s. • ICAO Annex 8 is the source for FAR 25, Transport Category Aircraft Certification Standard

  5. UNITED STATES • Federal Aviation Act of 1958 • U.S. Aviation Law • Federal Aviation Regulations • Applicable to: • Airmen • Aircraft • Air Carriers • Air Agencies

  6. CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS • CFR’s • Entire Federal Government Laws of the United States • Arranged by Title • Each Title Covers a Specific Area of Laws • Title 3 - The President • Title 7 – Agriculture • Title 14 – Aeronautics and Space • Title 15 – Commerce and Foreign Trade • Title 21 – Food and Drugs

  7. CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS • TITLE 14 AERONAUTICS AND SPACE • CHAPTER I • Federal Aviation Regulations, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation • VOLUME 1 THROUGH 3 • PARTS 1 – 199

  8. A- Definitions Part 1 B-Procedural Rules Parts 11-17 C- Aircraft Parts 21-59 Certification Standards Registration Airworthiness Directives Maintenance Rules D- Airmen Parts 60-67 Certification and Medical Standards E- Airspace Parts 71-77 F-Air Traffic Parts 91-105 G- Air Operators Parts 119-139 H- Schools & Agencies Parts 140-147 SUB CHAPTERS

  9. U.S. AIRMEN • Pilots – FAR Part 61 • Flight Engineers – FAR Part 63 • Mechanics - FAR Part 65 • Flight Dispatchers – FAR Part 65

  10. AIRCRAFT • United States Registered • FAR Part 91 • Foreign Registered Operated in the US • FAR Part 91

  11. AIR CARRIERS • United States Air Carriers • FAR Part 121, 135 • Foreign Air Carriers Operating in the US • FAR Part 129 • Foreign Air Carriers Using US Registered Aircraft • FAR Part 129.14

  12. AIR AGENCIES • Repair Stations - FAR Part 145 • Domestic • Foreign • Training Facilities – FAR Part 141 • Mechanic • Pilot

  13. MAINTENANCE RULES • FAR PART 43 • Basic Maintenance Rule For US Registered Aircraft • FAR PART 91 • Basic Operating Rule For US Registered Aircraft, • AND • Foreign Registered Aircraft Operated in the US. • FAR Part 129 • Foreign Operators Operating into the US or Operating US Registered Aircraft

  14. FAR PART 43 • ALL Aircraft Having a U.S. Airworthiness Certificate; • Foreign-Registered Civil Aircraft Used in Common Carriage in the United States • Part 121 and Part 135

  15. Definition of Overhaul disassembled, cleaned, inspected, repaired as necessary, and reassembled; and tested §43.2   RECORDS OF OVERHAUL AND REBUILDING

  16. Definition of Rebuilding disassembled, cleaned, inspected, repaired as necessary, reassembled, and, using either new parts or used parts that either conform to new part tolerances and limits or to approved oversized or undersized dimensions §43.2   RECORDS OF OVERHAUL AND REBUILDING

  17. Mechanic Certificate Repairman Certificate Supervised by Mechanic or Repairman Repair Station Certificate Air Carrier Certificate Private Pilot-Preventive Maintenance on Own Airplane Pilot-Rotorcraft-Remote area-Part 135 Manufacturer 43.3 PERSONS AUTHORIZED TO PERFORM MAINTENANCE, PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, REBUILDING, AND ALTERATIONS

  18. Approval for return to service service after maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration. Required records entries must be made Log Book FAA Form 337 Flight Manual Part 43.5

  19. Persons authorized to approve aircraft, airframes, aircraft engines, propellers, appliances, or component parts for return to service after maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration. Mechanic Certificate or IA Repair Station Certificate Manufacturer Air Carrier Private Pilot- Own Airplane(preventive maintenance only) Part 43.7

  20. Part 43.9 • Content, form, and disposition of maintenance , preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and alteration records • Required Information: Description of work, date of completion, name of person performing work, • Signature and certificate number if satisfactory

  21. Records must be kept Parts must be permanently marked Control of Disposal Disposition of life-limited aircraft parts. Part 43.10

  22. Content, form, and disposition of records for inspections conducted under parts 91 and 125 and §§135.411(a)(1) and 135.419 of this chapter. Must list type of inspection performed, and list discrepancies Part 43.11

  23. BASIS FOR SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION OF ANY AND ALL CERTIFICATES HELD Maintenance Records: Falsification, Fraudulent Reproduction, or Alteration

  24. Manufacturer’s Instructions Acceptable to FAA Accepted Industry Practices Special Test Equipment At least equal to original or properly altered condition Performance RulesPart 43.13

  25. Content of Inspections IAW Inspection Program Annual & 100 Hour Inspections Additional performance rules for inspections Part 43.15

  26. . Continuous Airworthiness Maintenance Program Maintenance Inspection Programs for Part 121, 123 or 135 Operators Airworthiness Limitations

  27. Canadian Mechanic Canadian Repair Station May RTS US registered aircraft located in Canada Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations by Certain Canadian Persons.

  28. Major Alterations, Major Repairs Preventive Maintenance Definitions and Examples Appendix A --

  29. Recording of Major Repairs and Major Alterations FAA Form 337 or Repair Station Work Order Appendix B

  30. Annual and 100-Hour Inspections Annual All aircraft 100 Hour Flight Instruction /For Hire Scope and Detail General Aviation Aircraft Appendix D

  31. Altimeter System Test and Inspection Ref FAR 91.411 Scope and detail of Test Appendix E

  32. ATC Transponder Tests and Inspections Ref FAR 91.413 Scope and Detail of Test Appendix F

  33. FAR PART 91 • GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES • Sub Part A General • Sub Part B Flight Rules • Visual Flight Rules • Instrument Rules • Sub Part C Equipment, Instrument and Certificate Requirements • Sub Part D Special Flight Operations

  34. FAR PART 91 • Sub Part E Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance and Alterations • Sub Part F Large & Turbine Powered Multi Engine Airplanes • Sub Part G Additional Equipment & Operating Requirements • Sub Part H Foreign Aircraft Operations and Foreign Operators

  35. FAR PART 91 • Sub Part I Operating Noise Limits • Sub Part J Waivers

  36. Applicable to: US registered civil aircraft Maintenance Requirements Responsibility-Owner/Operator Airworthiness Limitations Compliance Inspect and Repair Maintenance Record Entries Inoperative Equipment Sub Part EMaintenance, Preventive Maintenance & Alterations

  37. OPERATION AFTER MAINTENANCE, PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE REBUILDING OR ALTERATIONS • Approved for Return To Service • Maintenance Record Entry • Flight Tests

  38. Annual Issuance of Airworthiness Certificate 100 Hour- flight instruction/for hire AAIP Progressive Inspection Continuous Airworthiness Maintenance Program REQUIRED INSPECTIONS

  39. Altimeter tests Altitude Reporting Tests 24 Months ATC Transponder Tests 24 Months Procedures : FAR Part 43, Appendix E & F. ALTIMETER/TRANSPONDER

  40. Records of Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Alterations Records of 100 Hour, Annual, Progressive and Other Inspections Records Must Include Description of work/Reference to Data Used Date of Completion Signature.Certificate Number of Person Records Containing: Total Time In Service Current Status – Life Limited Parts TSO Time Since Last Inspection Current Status Airworthiness Directives Major Repair & Alteration Forms MAINTENANCE RECORDS

  41. Kept Until Work Repeated or Superseded or One Year Transferred with Aircraft EXTRA FUEL TANK: Copy of FAA Form 337 KEPT IN AIRPLANE RECORDS RETENTION

  42. FAR PART 145 • Repair Stations • Revised, effective 6 April, 2003 • Effective Date extended to October 3, 2003.

  43. Application (ALL) • Repair Station Manual • Quality Control Manual • List of articles • Organization Chart • Description of Housing & Facilities • Contracted Maintenance Functions • Training Program

  44. Foreign Repair Stations • Show the need for maintaining US registered aircraft or products • Payment of Fees • $80.00 per inspector hour + • travel & subsistence

  45. DURATION • DOMESTIC • Until surrendered, suspended or revoked • FOREIGN • End of 12th month after issuance

  46. AMENDMENT or TRANSFER • Change of certificate is required if the repair station changes location, requests to add or amend rating, sells or transfers assets.

  47. RATINGS • CLASS • Representative Sampling of All Items in Class • LIMITED • Items Listed on Operations Specifications or Capability List

  48. Airframe Powerplant Propeller Radio Instrument Accessory CLASS RATINGS

  49. Particular Make & Model of: Airframe Powerplant Propellers Instruments Radios Accessories Landing Gear Components Floats Nondestructive testing Emergency Equipment Rotor Blades Fabric Work Specialized Services LIMITED RATINGS

  50. Housing & Facilities • Adequate for Ratings • To properly perform maintenance • Sufficient work space • Environmentally sensitive or hazardous work • Rack, hoists, cabinets, trays & stands